• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes of World War Two.

Extracts from this document...


The Causes of World War Two. The origins of World War Two have exercised the minds of historians and filled hundreds of thousands of pages, without tiring either the fascination of the subject or the energy of the reader. Many still remember the war like it was yesterday and were directly affected by it. Others, born after the war, barely know anything about it. Either way, we are still living in the shadows of it. Maybe the physical ruins in Europe were quickly repaired, but the destruction has left its mark in great cities and left forty to fifty million dead. One might ask why and how? Why and how can a war break out including at least eight major powers and kill over forty millions people? When looking at the causes of World War II it is not like looking at the causes of World War I. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungry declared war on Serbia, and within a week, five of the six European great powers were at war. One day Europe was at peace the next day at war. But with World War II it was totally different. It is even difficult to say when precisely the war began.1 Some say it started in 1936, with the Spanish Civil War. It is when a Nationalist, Francisco Franco took up arms against the republic and in a few weeks controlled half the country. Then the Soviet Union, Italy, and Germany came to help fight for three years and lost half a million lives there. ...read more.


Before this, he would not dare invade Poland because this would mean fighting France and Britain in the West, and the Soviet Union in the east, and this would be a nightmare. But once the treaty was signed, he could do what he wanted, and that is when he invaded Poland, which directly lead to Britain declaring war. While all of this was going on in Europe, Japan had many aggressions too that lead to the Second World War. In World War One Japan gained some German colonies in Asia and then 1931 occupied Manchuria the Northeast of China and then in 1937 invaded the rest of China. Japan like Germany was acquired by militarists who were similar to Nazis and had in mind to take over all of Asia.8 Now fully established as a world aggressor, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1936, allying themselves with Germany and Italy. In 1940, the Tripartite Pact replaced this pact and so Japan became a formal member of the infamous Axis alliance. Then Japan continued to invade China and Indochina and the United Stated responded by freezing Japanese assets and invoking and oil embargo. This made Japan very angry. Japan then destroyed much of the U.S. Navy in a surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 1941. This threatened the United States security and brought the United States right into the war. Another cause of World War II would be the Great Depression. The Great Depression lasted from 1929 to 1939 and was brought along by the First World War along with the terms of peace that ended it.9 Production was very high and the economy was booming because of the extreme high demands of goods and services in World War I. ...read more.


Lenin had negated the military aid need with Germany in March 1921, and Stalin continued until Hitler wanted no part of assisting an enemy. Stalin had many of the same ideas as Hitler. He wanted to make the USSR into the dominant economy and military state. Russia's plan of imperialism began in 1939 with Poland and Finland a few months later and then attacked and reassumed control of the Baltic States. Finally Russia was officially forced into the war on June 22, 1941 when Germany attacked Russia. These are all decisions that Lenin made that helped cause World War II. He wanted to make the USSR a utopian global state and did everything that had to be done to achieve that goal even if it upset others countries which would cause a war. The last cause of World War II is Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku. He was one of the reasons for the United States to enter the war in the Pacific.13 If Isoroku would have made peace treaties or done things differently instead of bombing Pearl Harbor, the Unites States probably would not have gone to war in the Pacific. When one looks back on the causes of the war it is obvious that it was an end product of unresolved economic clashes, diplomatic squabbles and plotting, and unsound conception of security. As one can clearly see this was a war of many causes. It didn't happen over night it was a mixture of many irritated countries, with many problems. War is a terrible thing, but when one country threatens another country politically, economically, or socially, sometimes there is no other alternative, and it might even be the best solution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Significant were the Normandy landings in Defeating Germany in World War Two?

    The writing in bold at the bottom reads that Taylor has studied English history from 1914-1945. This means that he has studied both of the wars (First World War and the Second World War) and knows all knowledge he can on the subject.

  2. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    Counter propaganda also had its part to play. An example of counter propaganda is when Germany practically flattened Coventry, the newspapers the next day were saying 'Coventry, not a mortal blow', and then over the next week, the papers heavily laboured on how the RAF had returned the favour and heavily bombed Berlin.

  1. Which Country Was Most To Blame for WWII - Italy, Germany or Japan?

    They didn't do anything because France didn't have a strong enough leader to act without Britain's support and Britain had problems in her own empire. From then on Hitler got more powerful and more confident, and Britain and France had missed their chance to stop him.

  2. How did World War II affect the lives of civilians in Wales and Britain?

    that direct courses be flown and the attack completed in minimum time. d). Flying altitudes after rendezvous with fighters: KG 30 = 5,000 - 5,500 metres (16,400 - 18,000 feet). KG I = 6,000 - 6.500 metres (19,700 - 21,300 feet).

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    As the western allied army of 4 million men was still advancing westwards. On February 3rd, the three Big powers headed by Frandklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin met in Lavidia Palace to determine how the war should be finished.

  2. What were the causes of the disintegration of the Soviet Union as a socialist ...

    It is indisputable that in the post war years, rates of Soviet economic recovery were at least equal to those of the western market based economies, and indeed rates of growth were substantially higher during the 1950s and 60s. However, there are flaws with using this evidence to argue that central planning is as effective as the market.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Drawing on the historical precedents of the purge trials and traditional American hostility to communism, totalitarianism, and Stalin, those who held this point of view saw little hope of compromise. "There is as little difference between communism and fascism," Monsignor Fulton J.

  2. Assess Critically Three Causes of World War I.

    Looking back in history, the Franco-Prussian War (1870) completely changed the balance of power in Europe and strengthened Germany's position as the leading continental power. The annexation of Alsace-Lorraine never healed the wounds in France, and poisoned the relations between the two countries down to 1914. European politics from the 1880s was dominated by a dense web of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work