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The Cold War.

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Assignment 1 question 1 The Cold War In 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union were the most powerful nations in the world: the Soviet Union because of the size and the proven fighting record of her armed forces, her large population and her potential rather than actual economic strength; the United States because of her military, industry and her scientific and technological know-how. The co-operation and understanding between the wartime Allies was eroded by the growing distrust and suspicion. In the post-war period, the world was gradually divided into two sides. The Soviet Communism and the American Capitalism. Open hostility between the two groups broke out even more obviously after the war although they had set up already since long time ago. This hostility led to a serious international crisis- THE COLD WAR. The term 'Cold War' is used to describe the tension and hostility which developed between the capitalist and communist blocs in the post-war period. The Cold War was 'cold' because both the United States and the Soviet Union did not directly resort to war. Both of them realised that a real war between them could mean the total destruction of each other. ...read more.


The distrust between the Soviet Union and her allies had also developed in the wartime conferences. After the surrender of Germany, the Allies met again at Potsdam in mid-1945. Relations between the Allies continued to worsen. Stalin was told about the atomic bomb, which increased his suspicion and fear of the West. This links to USSR tried to gained more land to spread the communist ideas. At the same time, the Allies were worried about his takeover of Eastern Europe. By the time, the Soviets boundary had been extended into Polish territory. The Soviets also gained land from Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Czechoslovakia and Romania. By 1945, Soviet territory had expanded 300 miles westwards and over 22 million people were added to the Soviet population. The Soviet advance into Eastern Europe further damaged Soviet-Western relations. The spread of Communist control in the East and the Iron Curtain By the early1946, the Soviet Union had tightened her control over Eastern European Countries. Stalin had started to promote communism in the region and tried to consolidate the communist rule in Bulgaria, Rumania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland. During the elections, communism lost most of them. However, Stalin forced the countries to be ruled by a communist government and one party dictatorship was set up in these countries. ...read more.


This competing of nuclear weapons even made the Cold War colder. Conclusion As a conclusion, USA, USSR and even Churchill had their fault. USA was wrong, as USSR was her allies during the war, she should not keep the secret of the atomic bombs out of her, and USSR had got the right to know about her ally's power. If USA did not keep that secret, then the Armed Race might not be happened. USA, Britain and other western countries were to blame because they offered help so late during the Second World War and left USSR had to fight alone with Germany until 1944, this made Soviets suffer the highest casualties among the Allies. This made USSR hatred the Western side and wanted to take revenge through the Cold War. USSR has got the fault because she needed to think USA had their right to keep the secret of the Atomic bombs because she did not really want to use it if the situation was not too worse. USSR needed to understand this and should not hatred the Western side and started the Armed Race. Lastly, Churchill got the fault because his speech of the 'Iron Curtain' increased the tension of the Cold War which made the situation between the Western and Eastern Europe even more badly. By Agnes Lau ...read more.

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