• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank, American entry into the war, blockading of German ports and the German offensive of March 1918.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework question C) The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank, American entry into the war, blockading of German ports and the German offensive of March 1918. Explain how far you agree with this statement. New technology such as the tank was an important reason for why the deadlock was broken. It was possible for the tank to break the machine-gun/barbed wire combination, which lay at the very heart of the deadlock. Because the tanks were able to withstand machine gun fire the Germans suffered heavy losses. It was possible for a few tanks to destroy a line of troublesome pillboxes with out heavy infantry loses. However the tank was unreliable and relatively slow. Traveling over the heavily cratered ground the tank was capable of only 15 yards a minute, or half a mile per hour. ...read more.

Middle

Although the Americans had already been supplying the Allies with weapons etc, this meant that all of America's resources and manpower could be used to fight the Germans. The American troops were fresh and were not suffering from fatigue and demoralisation like the forces of the other countries fighting in the war. This gave the Allies an advantage as the American soldiers were trained properly in shooting and tactics unlike their British and French counterparts who were conscripted and had little training in the art of war. The Americans made use of new technology such as the tank and were able to supply the other allied forces will vital materials to build more tanks and other munitions. One of the biggest problems facing the army planners was supplying the army with food, weapons and other equipment. As a result the blockade of German ports also played an important part in breaking the stalemate. ...read more.

Conclusion

Meanwhile more American troops were arriving every week. The German troops were badly disciplined and under fed due to the blockade on Germany. This caused them to be inefficient as they stopped to loot villages for food. In conclusion I believe that the above are all equally important reasons for the ending of the stalemate on the Western Front. The Germans had broken through the Allied lined with the Ludendorff offensive. However, the Allies now had large numbers of well-trained and equipped troops, which were supported by tanks, aircraft and improved artillery. The Germans couldn't call up reinforcements due to the lack of food and poor infrastructure caused by the Allied blockade of Germany. The American entry into the war meant an injection of "new blood" and provided the allies with a fresh supply of troops and equipment. New technology meant a new kind of war and demoralised German troops making them inefficient. The lack of food and supplies due to the blockade also made the Germans an ineffective fighting force. James Goddin 5T ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    All of these factors helped to break stalemate: New Technology, The American entry into ...

    3 star(s)

    astonished eyes appeared about six of the first Mark I tanks, lurching about the country on their caterpillar tracks... bursting through hedges crossing trenches demolishing walls and even destroying small trees." Another new weapon used in the war to help break stalemate was the heavy artillery.

  2. How important was the war at sea

    Worse still, the Allies were receiving help from the U.S. Germany needed a quick victory and surrender of Russia gave the Germans one last opportunity to achieve this. That shows the war at sea affected the final outcome of the war more then the Western Front.

  1. Why Was Stalemate Broken in 1918?

    Long distance bombers such as Britain's Handley Page and Germany's Gotha were developed. * Their role was largely restricted to a supporting role (e.g. strategic bombing behind enemy lines and reconnaissance). Artillery had also greatly improved by 1918. Below is a list showing some of the weaknesses of using artillery

  2. Important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken.

    to be sunk but in 1915 the Germans began unrestricted submarine warfare. This meant that allied shipping could now be attacked without warning. The consequence of was that the passenger ship Lusitania was attacked and sunk leading to the loss of 1200 lives, including 128 Americans.

  1. Select and explain the most important turning points in WW1 between March 1918 and ...

    All these three factors linked together contributed to the defeat of Germany. For example because of the political incompetence it led to the military running the country which meant that the economy suffered which meant that the military couldn't afford machinery and artillery which led to Germany's defeat.

  2. The War At Sea Was More Important Than The Western Front, Explain

    The supplies of nitrates were also cut. This was very important for the Germans because it was vital for them to make explosives and also for the farmers to fertilise their crops. This could indicate that homegrown food was in trouble because the crops could not be fertilised so food was harder to grow.

  1. The following were all equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front ...

    There were also other new inventions like the new types of gasses for example chlorine and phosgene, there were advantages and disadvantages to using these types of gasses for example the disadvantages were that chlorine could be seen and its effect was immediate.

  2. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    As supplies ran low prices rose. Shops closed early as they ran out of food. Poorer families starved whilst the rich hoarded all of the food they could get their hands on. The government reacted in a variety of ways. The earnings of industry workers rose and in May 1917 voluntary rationing was introduced.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work