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"The origins of WWI were entirely different to the Cold War" To what extent is this true?

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Topic 2: "The origins of WWI were entirely different to the Cold War" To what extent is this true? The statement that "The origins of WWI were entirely different to the Cold War" is true only to a limited extent. Whilst it is true that the Balkans featured prominently in both wars, and the alliances between countries breaking down were familiar too, the same cannot be said about the particular political ideologies of countries before each war, with them playing a much more significant role in pre-Cold War Europe. A commonality between both wars comes in the Balkans, and their continued changing of hands. In 1877, the Serbs and Turkey, with the Serbs fighting for independence, fought a war. Russia came to the aid of Serbia, and after defeating Turkey, they gained the prominent influence in that region. Then, some 66 years later, Churchill saw the Balkans as a strategic area, and was suspicious of Russian intention in that area. ...read more.


France was out of the question, and Britain were rivals, so it was Austro-Hungaria and Russia. Bismarck set up the Three Emperor's League, Russia, Austro-Hungaria and Germany. There were demands placed upon Russia, and they reluctantly complied, leaving suspicious of the German agenda. Germany then sought to strengthen its alliance with Austro-Hungaria, and signed the Dual Alliance against Russia. Russia saw this alliance as a threat and applied for a second Three Emperor's League, as Russia's only other possible ally was France. Meanwhile, the Dual Alliance was expanded to Italy after they had come into conflict with France in Tunis. The Russians then refused to renew the Three Emperor's League, and this made Bismarck sign an Insurance Treaty with the Russians, keeping each other neutral if either were attacked. Bismarck's goal was complete, as France was isolated politically by 1887. However, after clashing with the new leader of Germany, Bismarck was forced to resign, collapsing his plans to be on the winning side of a future conflict in Europe. ...read more.


Communism. Whilst in the climate before WW1, political ideologies were absent and the war was started over things like the size of naval fleets, particularly the maritime rivalry between Britain and Germany) and the realms of political influence, the Cold War saw a lot more of political propaganda, such as the widely accepted notion in the western countries that all communists were evil and the widely accepted notion in the east that all capitalists were solely concerned with making money. This was a major point of difference, as it seems to be the major cause for hostilities in the Cold War, but was practically gone from pre-WWI Europe. So, in conclusion, it can be said that while there were many similarities between the origins of both wars, such as the Balkans being a major point of interest particularly for the Russians, and the breaking down of alliances causing mistrust and open hostility, there were some differences, such as the absence of political ideologies in WWI Europe and their apparent sole cause for the Cold War. Sam Bateman 11 W 1 ...read more.

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