• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did WW1 cause the collapse of Tsarism?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Tsarist state by 1914 was already considerably weak and did not survive after 1917. Without the assistance of World War 1, the Tsarist state would have been very likely to collapse either way. The personality of Nicholas was a downfall but more importantly, other factors such as the increasing population led to food shortages, terrible working conditions for the Russian people and lack of power of the army which introduced the Revolution of January 1905 which the Tsarist regime survived. However, the Revolution of 1917 was more successful in bringing an end to Tsarism. The death of Alexander III in 1894 led Nicholas II to inherit an Empire. This caused problems for the Tsars and due to his father's untimely death, he had not had the opportunity to train or gain experience for his political and imperial duties as an autocrat for Russia. Nicholas was weak willed, indecisive and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra, had a large impact on his decision making - not ideal for the autocrat who had all the power. It was even said by himself that he was not prepared or willing to become the next Tsar, 'I am not prepared to be Tsar. I never wanted to become one. ...read more.

Middle

An important point to remember is that the army consisted mainly of peasants who had very little rights, therefore the army officers also had very little rights but also had weapons. Civil rights were granted to the citizens do there was more freedom, as was freedom of the press. The General Strike as a result of the 1905 revolution was called off. Things were looking up for the Tsar and his autocracy as the citizens of Russia were achieving more freedom and rights, but there were other problems illustrating strain. The population in Russia persisted to increase which led to too little space for too many people. This was an issue for the Tsarist regime as the army and state police could not keep up with or control the people of Russia. This increase led to shortage of land for farmers and peasants in rural areas. Lack of land produced less food which meant food shortages; certainly an issue as it played a significant part over the years into the Revolution of 1917 which was the final blow to the collapse of the Tsarist regime. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of higher wages, workers were losing their jobs which brought more strikes and demonstrations in the cities. When commanded to calm down, the workers refused and even the soldiers began joining in on the demonstrations as a means of ending the war. When Nicholas II heard of disorders in the streets, he called for action to be taken and the army opened fire yet again on the strikers. This did not work as the demonstrations did not calm down, nor were the demonstrators willing to back down. The Tsar was losing not only the war against Germany, but also the war against his own people. By now, it was to be expected that Tsarism was to fall. There was no hope for the Tsar and his governing to survive from the beginning. Several factors contributed to his downfall, not only World War 1. The combination of these factors; the discontent and mutiny of the army, discontent of the working classes and peasants, his own personality and dependency on his wife, increasing population and food shortages, would have indefinitely brought the Tsarist regime crashing down without the war. It was only a matter of time before this would happen, and it was surprising that the autocracy had survived for so long. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. To What Extent Was The South African War (1899 - 1902) A Capitalist War

    It is also important to note that J.A. Hobson was opposed to the capitalism of the Boer War and some say he shared Lenin's view that imperialistic countries like Britain take over another country (like South Africa) purely to capitalise on the natural resources found there and continue the expansion

  2. Which of these judgements best Reflects the State of Imperial Russia in 1914? By ...

    However with the emergence of liberal opposition groups there was less of a likelihood of Nicholas being able to maintain a pure autocracy. One consequence of creating the Duma was that whilst it gave no effective power to the people it provided select members of previously powerless classes with a sense of importance and influence.

  1. South African Heritage - Where we come from?

    There is clear evidence of people from different races being acknowledged 'Ngxukumeshe' and 'Steyntje van de Kaap' and the source does give the idea that these people suffered for the same cause which was freedom and equality, in other words, national unity.

  2. The Indian Mutiny

    People were dying from hunger. Then on the 25th June, Nana Sahib sent a message for the men to lead the women and children out onto boats. Somehow, shooting began. The remaining women and children were taken to a Bibi-Ghar.

  1. To what extent had the Russian economy been successfully modernised by 1914?

    The result of this was that the peasants were bound to the land, as they needed to pay redemption payments to commune. Ultimately, whilst from 1877 to 1905 there was a growth in peasant owned land from 6 million hectares to 21.6 million hectares, it can be seen that the peasants remained an exploited underclass on who the economy relied.

  2. To What Extent was World War Two the Key Turning Point in Britain's Relationship ...

    After this, in 1920, the Khilafat movement called for a campaign of non-cooperation. Though this was called off by Gandhi in 1922 amid growing violence but by this time the Congress had been transformed in to a mass movement and the British began to see that they would have to start moving towards Indian self-governance.

  1. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    Early in 1881, Gladstone accepted that the power of the landlord had to be more restrained than had been done by the Land Act of 1870. The Bill that he introduced in April 1881 virtually conceded fair rent, fixity of tenure and freedom for the tenant to sell his holding at best market price.

  2. Indian mutiny

    This systematically led to the imprisonment and consequently rebellion of the Sepoy soldiers. There were also further reasons causing Indian soldiers in the East India Company service discontentment. In 1856 the General Service Enlistment Act forced all new recruits should in future swear that they would cross the sea for

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work