• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was Gorbachev Responsible For the Collapse of the Soviet Empire?

Extracts from this document...


TO WHAT EXTENT WAS GORBACHEV RESPONSIBLE FOR THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET EMPIRE? Gorbachev was responsible for the collapse of the soviet empire to a point. In 1985 when he came to power, he realised that the soviet economy was devastated and facing many problems with communism making the situation much worse. Gorbachev realised that reforms were needed to stabilise the economy. He was responsible because he did not do anything to stop solidarity which allowed people to have more freedom. This weakened the hard line adopted by Jaruzelski much more difficult to maintain. He encouraged solidarity by introducing his reforms that of Perestroika-restructuring the soviet economy - and Glasnost - where public opinion about government policy was allowed. ...read more.


However Gorbachev was not responsible because even though he encouraged solidarity he did not start it. It was because of the oppression the people received from communism that they rebelled. The leaders were very hard lined which created discontent in the people. Gorbachev did not do anything to prevent Germany. He was not responsible for the Hungarian uprising in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968 which showed that the communist government was band to collapse prior to the discontent and revolt between the communist people. In fact, Gorbachev was not responsible as even though we lowered the arms expenditure, more money would be saved by the government, for example to improve industry and its products and besides there were already low morale and attitudes to work Gorbachev was not responsible for causing the Berlin Wall to collapse; again it was due to the discontent people shared from Stalin's and Brezhnev's actions. ...read more.


Furthermore, there were many new issues that were coming up in USSR like there were many new groups like the Islamic Fundamentalism which Gorbachev had to think about. Moreover the Soviet empire was changing in political circumstances made buffer zone unnecessary as now no more land attacks would take place but instead use missiles e.g. ICBM's Overall I do think that Gorbachev was responsible for the collapse of the Soviet empire, because if it was not for him, there would be few demonstrations and people would not have freedom of speech and expression and would still have been deprived of freedom to criticise the Government. It was due to the introduction of his reforms which cause the Soviet Union to collapse but on the other hand there were other reasons to the collapse of the Soviet Union. HUSSEIN KAPASI ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    For example, in 1943, the SS had 900'000 members and the German national railways employed 1.2 million people to transport the Jews to eastern concentration camps. Furthermore, after Hitler came to power the SA was comprised of over 2 million men, (about 10% of the population)

  2. Why did tsarism collapse?

    The problems created by the growth of an urban working class were the formation of unions and grievances regarding the living conditions in these new industrial hotbeds. This led to the inevitable strikes which were a feature of pre-war Russia.

  1. The Empire of the Sun - How does Ballard use the different nationalities within ...

    The Japanese culture and their pilots fascinate Jim. He finds them very disciplined and believes that this gives them an advantage over the British and Americans. In his mind, the Japanese are a force to be reckoned with, because of their incredible patience and sense of honour and dignity.

  2. The Collapse of Communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe

    Solidarity, for instance, was largely dependent on printing equipment smuggled in from the U.S, using it to put out regular bulletins coordinating strikes, presenting political advice, and informing members of trade union meetings. The same equipment was also used to publish forbidden books and essays for Solidarity's extensive underground education system.


    It might take longer to create capital for investment and industry would have to make the goods peasants wanted to buy, but that way a sound economy would develop. The peasants would gradually be won over by the benefits of Socialism and a new, fair society would emerge.

  2. How important were developments in Eastern Europe to the collapse of the Soviet Union?

    Rukh, a popular front organisation, was founded in the Ukraine in September 1989. The founding of the Rukh is compared to crossing a point of no return (Raymond, 1997) as this was a breakthrough in Ukrainian politics, previously devoid of life.

  1. How does Ballard use the different nationalities within 'Empire of the Sun' to convey ...

    The childlike disbelief that war will actually occur is evident many times throughout the novel, 'Sometimes the Pathe newsreels from England gave him the impression that, despite their unbroken series of defeats; the British people were thoroughly enjoying the war'.

  2. What did Gorbachev fail to forsee?

    Starting in 1986 these statements gave way to several new strands of rhetoric that maintained that change must be nothing short of "revolutionary." He also stated that transformations must embrace all segments of society, encompassing not only the economy, but also all other spheres of the Soviet Union.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work