• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Were contemporaries correct in regarding President Kennedy as the Saviour of The Western World after the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Were contemporaries correct in regarding President Kennedy as the Saviour of The Western World after the Cuban Missile Crisis? I believe that during the The Cuban missile crisis contemporaries were to a large extent correct in regarding President Kennedy a "saviour" of the western world, however it is one dimensional to regard him as the "saviour", as I believe that there were other influential people, who played a significant role in foreseeing a safe ending to the Cuban missile crisis, these individuals include Theodore Sorenson for his excellently written speeches which would boost Kennedy's reputation, and also Nikita Khrushchev for accepting to resolve the situation and accepting to work together to tackle the problems. However, It is still fair to say that Kennedy was the most influential out of all the individuals involved to sort out the worrying situation. Although he was rather impulsive at times, he handled all the pressure upon him exceptionally well and resolved the situation by handling the pressure making well judged decisions through the entirety of the crisis. I believe that Kennedy was committed to his role and took all the responsibilities with it and I see him as a superb president because of his undenying ability to keep his country calm as well as maintain a strong image and face the situation in a strong manner. ...read more.

Middle

Kennedy acting as defender of security of the USA and the western hemisphere in conjunction with congress and the constitution directed initial steps to be taken immediately, he outlined these in a speech given on 26th October 1961 on television. "First, to half this offensive build up, a strict quarantine of all military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. Second I have directed the continued and increased close surveillance and it's military build up. Third, it shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the western hemisphere as an attack from the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response on the Soviet Union." Kennedy's initial response to the Soviet aggression showed reasonable restraint and a genuine concern to maintain world peace. During the crisis he chose a diplomatic course of action, which was less likely to result in nuclear war. He did not authorise American armed forces to invade or bomb Cuba but chose to blockade the island of Cuba, this would keep the opportunity to negotiate with the Soviet Union open and result in a peaceful end to the crisis. The Soviet Union emerged in a weaker state following the Cuban Missile Crisis. ...read more.

Conclusion

This situation made Cuba more reliant on the Soviet Union. President Degaulle of France pulled his country out of NATO and encouraged other Western European country's to do the same, as they had not been consulted during the emergency. Kennedy was not as strong as the American propaganda implied because behind the scenes he was discussing concessions and negotiating with the Soviets. On 27th October 1963 Robert Kennedy (President Kennedy's brother) met with the Soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin. The conversation, which took place, was the solution to the crisis. An ultimatum was given, that if the Russian's did not remove their missiles by the next day the American's would destroy them, but if they were removed the American missiles in Turkey would then be removed. The ambassador contacted Khrushchev and on 28th October Robert Kennedy was informed that the missiles would be withdrawn from Cuba and the crisis was over. President Kennedy's interventions in the Cuban Missile Crisis did not bring about the end of the Cold War or prevent the fear of a nuclear war ever taking place. He was not solely responsible for saving the western world from the Cuban Missile Crisis turning into a nuclear war but played a part along with others. The Cold War and super-power opposition continued until 1991 when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) came to an end under presidency of Mikhael Gorbachev. ?? ?? ?? ?? James Jawad ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. why did a crisis develop over cuba in 1962

    The difference in political beliefs immediately made USA and Soviet Union dislike each other. This is because their countries were run by different rules. This meant they would have differences in thoughts and ideas. For example their ideas of what was the right way to run a country, would have

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis

    While these factors had a significant influence on the status quo in both the Eastern and Western hemispheres, their effect was particularly marked within Khrushchev's domain, as he sought to assert his individuality by introducing anti-Stalinist mechanisms. His advocation of "peaceful co-existence,"3 and military disarmament, as well as his insistence

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Until ratification (1870) of the 15TH AMENDMENT, which made it illegal to deny the vote on the grounds of race, most northern states refused blacks the vote. A Nation Transformed: The South Like the North, the South was transformed by the Civil War and its aftermath.

  2. Was the Soviet Union justified in putting missiles in Cuba?

    It was certain though; by placing missiles on Cuba that Khrushchev would have the upper hand in negotiations relating to the cold war. Also Khrushchev claimed that 'the missiles were placed merely to deter the Americans from invading Cuba'. (Timewatch Missile - Crisis)

  1. History of the United States

    From that war the United States emerged with a protectorate over Cuba and an island empire consisting of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam. The United States also annexed the Hawaiian Islands in 1898, completing a bridge to the markets of the Far East.

  2. How far was the Cuban missile crisis the most significant event in the ...

    Another key turning point in international relations during the period 1879-1980 was the refusal of renewal of Reinsurance Treaty (RRT) in 1890 .When Wilhelm II took power he refused to renew the Reinsurance Treaty as he felt his personal relationship with the Tsar would be enough to guarantee further diplomatic ties with Russia.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the most serious U.S.-Soviet confrontation of the Cold War

    Kennedy began to restrict U-2 flights over Cuba and pilots were told to avoid flying the whole length of the island. The President hoped this would ensure that a U-2 plane would not be shot down, and would prevent Cuba from becoming a major issue during the congressional election campaign.

  2. Free essay

    The Cold War did not become fully global until after the Cuban Missile Crisis ...

    The term 'fully' depicts the cold war as one hundred percent becoming global after 1962. These depictions were seen after the Cuban missile Crisis which extended the cold war into the Americas and shortly after Africa and the Middle East, where major confrontations took place.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work