• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the popular interpretation and why did it become so quickly established during the early part of the war?

Extracts from this document...


What was the popular interpretation and why did it become so quickly established during the early part of the war? After the challenging success of Dunkirk, things were still far from over concerning the Second World War. It was obvious that Britain would be the next victim of blitzkrieg and that the battle would be in the air even before France had surrendered to Hitler. Even though Britain didn't have any allies, when Hitler offered a negotiated surrender in 1940, Britain rejected it. The RAF's task was to prevent the Luftwaffe from destroying them and to gain air superiority over the English Channel so that either the German invasion forces would be destroyed or prevented from crossing the channel. Hitler set a date for the invasion of Britain, which was to be on September 15th, and he codenamed the operation "sealion". After Dunkirk, even though the morale of the British people was somewhat doubtful, the British knew that they had to keep going. They prepared German invasion by putting obstacles in roads so German planes could not land and they confused panzer drivers with wrong road signs. The Home Guard- dad's army was founded, recruiting a quarter of a million men in one day. The public were in high spirits although they were anxious too. There was also plenty of propaganda to help this as "Lord Beaver Brook"- Churchill's friend and owner of the daily express (how convenient) appealed for aluminium pots and pans, which people gave up willingly to help make the spitfires. ...read more.


I think that the reason therefore that the battle of Britain was known as "their finest hour" was because it was the last words that Churchill said in his speech. It is probably the thing that stuck in everyone's minds after the battle had finished. I think that the weaknesses in this speech are that it was made for propaganda to raise the morale of the people. Also it is very biased in the sense that he was always saying how well Britain had done and never mentioned what the Germans were going at this time unless it was a bad point. The second speech that Churchill made was called "the few". The reason that this interpretation was popular was because again it was aimed at the British public who were now actively involved in the war and what the speech was saying was basically that there was a minority in numbers in pilots but the few very brave pilots that were trying to help were working very hard. Churchill was also pointing out that the battle of Britain was very important in helping Britain to win the war. One of the most popular sentences that were said in this speech was: - "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few". I think that the strengths of this interpretation are that it is very effective in reacting the audience inspiring the people. Also that it is first hand evidence because he was the prime minister at the time he is going to be able to experience and know a lot of things concerning the war. ...read more.


The strengths of these newsreels are that they were very informative and they showed the popular view of what was going on. It was also actual real footage so therefore it cannot be lying, plus there were statistics given very often. However the weaknesses were that they were very biased towards Britain they were also very simplistic and there was no real balance in what they were saying as regard to the Germans plans. I think that the newsreels at this time were giving an overall impression that the British were winning the battle of Britain and that the pilots were working so hard to win the war. Interpretation 5 is an article written for the daily express, which was edited by "lord Beaver Brook" who happened to be Churchill's close friend. The message of this article was to ask the pubic what were they doing to help with the war, if nothing why not? And then there was information telling them what they could do to help. It was published on august 13th 1940- in the stages where Germany is attacking Britain and the reason it was written was probably because it was what people wanted to hear and is mainly for propaganda, as much of everything was at this time. I think that articles like this helped to establish the popular interpretation at the time because with so much propaganda it is inevitable that people are bound to be updated in everything about the war, and therefore the myth of the few would become more and more popular and well known. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Winston Churchill become so important as Prime Minister of Britain between 1940 ...

    This is shown when Churchill went to visit Stalin (whom he disliked); he still kept in good relations with him so that Britain would benefit from the power of the USSR. Churchill is not only recognised for putting across a united, courageous front for warfare but also for his impact as a war leader.

  2. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    Isoroku Yamamoto was the man in charge of the Japanese warships in that area and knew most of the troops at Pearl Harbour would be asleep. 350 bombers were used in the attack and it took six aircraft carriers to carry them all.

  1. "Why did Winston Churchill become so important as Prime Minister of Britain between 1940 ...

    The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was sent out to help France and join up with their army however Churchill soon realised that this would be impossible due to their limited armaments. He ordered the army to return to Britain but it meant bringing half a million men across the Channel, being chased by Germans.

  2. Their Finest Hour - The Historical Significance of the Battle of Britain.

    They were simply unprepared for the speed and ferocity of the German assault which pushed both them, and the British, back towards the Dunkirk Salient. Germany's attack threatened to both encircle, and destroy, the British and French. Only the Miracle of Dunkirk prevented this disaster.

  1. Why have later interpretations of the Battle of Britain not always followed the popular ...

    This article, I believe is for historical accuracy not for propaganda, because the war is almost over there is no reason for Bryant to do this. Another reason that tells me this is not propaganda is because knowing the background information I know that Bryant is a very open minded

  2. Was Churchill a manufactured hero 1930-1945?

    If Britain wanted to be isolated they would first have to vanquish the grievances put on Germany in 1918. Urging appeasement would be safer than demanding disarmament. At the same time Hitler had established himself as the political leader with the title of Fuhrer of the Third Reich.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The Phalangist force assembled at Qnat and were in position at Ehden at 4:00 am, the main assault force struck the Franjieh residence first which was also a communication centre and weapons storage facility. During the fighting Geagea was seriously wounded in the shoulder and lost consciousness.

  2. An Investigation Into the Way in Which Sir Winston Churchill Used Rhetoric During the ...

    Plato, on the other hand, believed rhetoric to be about the manipulation of an audience be people who were essentially insincere in their motives. Neither saw rhetoric concerned only with government, but as far as a factor in all human communication; the skills of rhetoric were thought in early school

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work