• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which Country Was Most To Blame for WWII - Italy, Germany or Japan?

Extracts from this document...


Which Country Was Most To Blame for WWII - Italy, Germany or Japan? World War II began on the 3rd September when Britain and France declared war on Germany after they had invaded Poland. Ever since the end of WWI Europe had been divided into different camps. The ideas of peace during the 1920s and 30s had been designed to eliminate the gaps between the camps. Unfortunately, this never worked and so Europe was still divided into two main camps when war was declared. Britain and France in Western Europe were the leaders of one camp. And they faced the other European powers, which consisted of Germany and Italy in the other camp. There were also many smaller countries in both camps including Croatia, Bulgaria and Slovakia all members of the Anti-Comintern Pact and therefore included with the Axis Powers. The main members and founders of the Anti-Comintern Pact, Germany, Italy and Japan were all seen as the 'bad guys' because of their aggressive foreign policies. All three countries' foreign policies involved attacking other countries for resources or land and this is why they were separated from other European countries and branded 'aggressive'. Italy was the first country to pursue their aggressive ways in Europe when Mussolini turned them into a Fascist country in 1922. ...read more.


This didn't really bother Hitler either, because he still invaded Poland on 1st September 1939, and he knew that he could only get away with so much and that eventually he would have to go to war. The other main power in the Anti-Comintern Pact was Japan. Whilst Japan weren't involved in the European part of the war because they were so far away, they certainly contributed to the war, and it was because of Japan's attacks on the USA that it became a global war. In WWI, Japan fought on the side of the Allies and the Versailles Peace settlement gave Japan former German colonies from the Pacific and German rights in Shantung. Japanese relations with America got off to a bad start because America didn't like Japanese retention of Shantung. However, they did get better when Japan took part in the Washington Naval Conference and agreed the ratio of 5:5:3 between the American, British and Japanese fleets. Japan still had lots of domestic problems, which were made worse by the depression in 1939. Their main problem was a lack of raw materials because they had to import everything from abroad. In 1931, the Japanese army decided to invade Manchuria to try and solve this problem. Unfortunately, all they managed to do was push themselves further away from Britain and American, and closer to war with China. ...read more.


The League of Nations was the only way in which Hitler could have been stopped without going to war, but the opportunity to do so was ignored so many times that going to war became the only option. Overall, I don't believe that anything or anyone is solely to blame for World War II, but all of the countries are equally to blame, because they all did things that caused the war and they all did things that had no effect on the war. I think the League of Nations played a big part in the causes of World War II, firstly because it did nothing to stop Germany and Italy and secondly because none of the member countries paid any attention to it and just did whatever they felt like. I also believe that it's not just Germany, Italy and Japan that are to blame. I think that Britain, France and the USSR could also share some of the blame for doing things or not doing things. For example, Britain allowing Germany to build up her navy to 35% of Britain's. So in conclusion, the blame for WWII can be shared among most of the European powers, as well as the depression, the policy of appeasement and the League of Nations. Phil Scott 10V February 23rd, 2003 Page 1 of 6 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    But the situation in Afghanistan was more complex than the Soviet Union realised. Muslim resistance groups, the Mujaheddin, led armed opposition to the Soviet invasion. Why did the Soviet forces lose the war?

  2. Compare and contrast the consequences of WWI respectively WWII

    Although women was accepted working in factories to a great extent in the second world war, compared to the first and especiallty the time before, it would take a lot of more years before a women, not during war time should work.

  1. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    interest in what was going on that cost thousands of innocent men women and children their lives. Many historians tend to bear harsher views towards the Germans. The fact that they were able to withstand the policies of the Nazi regime suggests that many considered themselves as ideologically bound to the Furher.

  2. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    The first 2nd attacks were meant for the "main" targets, which were the battleships on the south-east shore. The 3rd attack hit the cruiser (Helena) and the 4th were meant for ships on the north side. The second major attack consisted of "high-level bombing runs across the target" with support from dive-bombers and fighter planes.


    We must show them that our armed forces are strong and will be used if necessary. Q.3 Give two ways SOURCES B and C agree about how to deal with Russia. ALLIANCES AND THE ARMS RACE LEVEL 1-6 SOURCE A is by an American General writing in 1946.

  2. Discussing Japan.

    Even though this problem affected the Japanese badly, they have turned this handicap around to make the phrase "made in Japan" a must have on all new technology from televisions to DVD players. So from being down in the gutter one minute, they are the richest country in the world the next.

  1. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    The Dawes Plan When the German government failed to keep up the payments in 1923 French troops invaded and occupied the Ruhr land. This slowed their repayments even more. Charles G. Dawes, an American banker looked into the German complaints of the still, too large to pay reparation and devised

  2. Analyse the factors, which prompted the growth of Fascism in Italy by 1922.

    These were very insecure times for the new state. Already we can see how people might turn to a radical solution in this bleak period. The government was left with an inferiority complex, which would be further emphasised, along with other problems, during the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work