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Who had the greater impact on Russia and the Russian people- Lenin or Stalin?

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Introduction

Who had the greater impact on Russia and the Russian people- Lenin or Stalin? Lenin and Stalin both had a considerable effect on the future of Russia. Lenin had the greater impact on Russia politically compared to Stalin as he created the world's first communist government and lead the October Revolution. However, Stalin achieved the greater economic impact on Russia such as his policies of collectivization and industrialization, which vastly improved the Russian economy compared to Lenin making it difficult to ensure that one had the greater impact on Russia and the Russian people. Lenin's impact on Russia and her people was far greater compared to Stalin. Lenin masterminded and led the October revolution and Lenin created the first communist government in the world- a feat itself. Lenin was the creator of the world's first communist government and Stalin was the developer. Stalin simply built on the foundations that Lenin already had created for him. The October revolution in turn, overthrew the provisional government. It was because of Lenin that they stayed outside the provisional government that enabled the Bolsheviks to seize power. By doing this, Lenin had eliminated a part of Russia's problems- the provisional government tried to carry on the war, but the elimination of the provisional government in turn saw the end of the war, improving Russia's living conditions and stopped inflation from occurring at that time. ...read more.

Middle

Lenin abandoned his policy of war communism and introduced a New Economic Policy (NEP). Peasants were allowed to sell surplus goods for profit and would pay tax rather than give some produce up for the government. The impact economically was that Russia's cattle, electricity, coal and steel production increased. Lenin won some favour among the Russian workers as peasants did not need to give their produce to the government again and they were allowed to earn extra money by selling surplus goods. A communist government brought the banning of privatisation, every main factory and workplace was in the hands of the government, and so all produce was sold and exported abroad, improving the economy of Russia. On the 12th of November, Lenin limited the workers' hours to 8 hours and rules were made about holidays and overtime, improving working conditions in Russia and made the economy more efficient. On the 8th of November, land belonging to the Tsar, church and nobles was handed over to the peasants, making previously unused land now usable, created new jobs for the unemployed, and improved the economy of Russia. Stalin had successfully built Russia into an industrialised country, to even compete with the likes of America and Germany. Lenin can be less important when he introduced the failed policy of war communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

In both cases, if both Lenin and Stalin's achievements were to be compared, similarities between the two would appear. Examples being that they both created new constituent assemblies of Russia, they both created new economic policies and improved the economy and living and working conditions in Russia. worshippers They also however, led the nation under fear, both created secret police forces to unfairly dismiss their opponents, they made the country a communist party state, both of their ways of ruling over Russia were harsh and under both Stalin and Lenin there was a large magnitude of deaths between them, and two groups of people were discriminated against- the Kulaks and the of Islam. Lenin can be more important as he created the first communist party state in Russia, and created the first NEP in Russia. However he can be less important as during his control in Russia created a civil war. Stalin can be important as he greatly changed the Russian economy and living and working conditions, to this extent, the impact was greater than Lenin, but caused a famine in the process of collectivization. But Stalin inherited a one party state, making him less important as he did not create a one party state, but Lenin didn't do much to improve the economy of Russia. One can conclude that Lenin achieved more in the political terms of Russia than Stalin but Stalin achieved more economically, thus both Stalin and Lenin contributed to Russia equally. ...read more.

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