• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why had Internatioanl Peace Collapsed by 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why Had International Peace Collapsed by 1939? When Hitler took power in Germany in 1933 he was pledged to reverse the Treaty of Versailles and to increase German territory, which he had already laid out in his book, Mein Kampf in 1924. Hitler was pledged to reverse the Treaty of Versailles because he had promised to do so if he became leader of Germany, as to him and to all Germans, it was a constant reminder of their defeat in World War One and of their humiliation by the Allies[1]. By the time Hitler came to power, some terms had already been changed; Germany had stopped paying reparations, as an example. The Treaty of Versailles had also taken territory from Germany, that Hitler now wanted back. Mostly, he said that he wanted Self-determination, allowing German ?minorities?, such as in the Sudetenland, in Czechoslovakia, to join Germany.[2] Self-determination had been one of Woodrow Wilsons 14 point included in the Treaty of Versailles, which had been denied to Germany. Hitler also wanted to unite with Austria, known as the Anschluss, which was also forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles and he wanted to carve out Lebensraum or ?living space? in the east of Europe[3]. These aims would eventually lead to another war. ...read more.

Middle

His argument was that the Czech government was mistreating Germans in the Sudetenland, and that they had to be rescued. He also said that it was his last ?territorial demand?. Chamberlin said that the demand was unreasonable and war seemed near, however in a final meeting in Munich, on September 29th 1938, Britain, France and Italy decided that the Sudetenland should be given to Germany[10]. Neither the Czechs not the Soviet Union were consulted[11]. Britain and France followed the policy of Appeasement for a couple of reasons. They were not yet ready to fight, Brits and French did not want to fight another war after roughly twenty years of peace, as Stalin was their main worry and they saw Hitler as the buffer to the threat of communism, also may thought that the Treaty of Versailles had been unfair and that once these wrong were put right, Germany would become peaceful and both Britain and France were still suffering from the Great Depression, they had no money, large debs and high unemployment[12]. On August 23rd, 1939 the Nazis and the Soviets signed the Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact. This didn?t mean that they were allies who would fight together, instead it meant that they were on friendly bases with each other; however, they did not really trust each other. ...read more.

Conclusion

this allowed Hitler to take Austria and Sudetenland ?legally? with the excuse of self-determination and with the argument that the league of nations hardly did anything against Japan and Italy. All of the above points, and of course more, led to the collapse of peace in 1939, and to the begin of World War Two. ________________ [1] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 256) [2] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 89) [3] Sieder, Reinhard. Globalgeschichte. Wien: Ernst Langthaler, 2010. Print. [4] http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=82 [5] http://www.sudeten.de/cms/?Historie:1919_-_1945 [6] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 263) [7] http://ariald.wordpress.com/2010/04/20/deutschland-und-osterreich-wiedervereinigung-im-jahre-2040/ [8] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 263) [9] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 266) [10] http://www.johndclare.net/EII3.htm [11] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 267) [12] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 264) [13] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 272) [14] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 272) [15] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 272) [16] Sieder, Reinhard. Globalgeschichte. Wien: Ernst Langthaler, 2010. Print. [17] Walsh, Ben. Modern World History. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. Print. (page 89) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Americans had long preached the crusade against monopoly and extolled the virtues of free enterprise, but the German economic leadership gave these economics a metaphysical form. The efforts to reduce European tariffs, the Economic Payments Union, the development of the idea of the Common Market in the European Economic Community,

  2. 'At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted and achieved conquest without firing a shot' ...

    hopeless in intervention, however a date for this attack had not been agreed. Differently to Taylor Bullock's work suggests that there is mildly significant evidence suggesting that Germany were making preparations in the event of war breaking out but Bullock does also believe that these were just preparatory measures and

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    This is where the basis of dual power came from. The Provisional government had inherent structural weaknesses. The most fundamental, it can be argued, is that of legitimacy. The Provisional government had simply assumed power when the Russian monarchy fell, and was not voted upon by the people of Russia.

  2. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    Therefore, the public got the impression that Britain was no longer invulnerable as Germany could now mount a huge air attack. Thus Hitler successfully created the atmosphere in Britain that the German rearmament was far ahead and therefore Britain should be careful and pressurized Britain to make some confessions.

  1. Why did Stalin opt for the pact with Hitler in 1939?

    However, Lord Halifax, the British Foreign Secretary, was reluctant to make deals with a Communist regime. Eventually, the British sent in a minor official named Reginald Ranfurly Plunckett-Ernle-Erle-Drax. With his limited authority and lack of speed, the talks broke down. Stalin had concluded that the Western Powers were unreliable allies.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    from France. Also, General Riddell-Webster was talking about evacuation with the War Office, so in different circles, everyone was talking about a withdrawal from France, but, even by May 20th, no one seemed to be treating the matter with any great urgency.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    Although both Italy and Abyssinia were supposed to do as the league told them to do, if Italy didn't agree with the leagues decision then they weren't going to listen to it as the Italian leader Mussolini was quite prepared to go to war with Abyssinia.

  2. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    Two "Reinhardt Programs" were published to subsidize motor-road, residential and agricultural buildings' repair and reconstruction. The abolition of the motor-vehicle tax and the reduction of various taxes, such as the land tax (Grundsteuer), greatly encouraged consumption, productivity and private investments, which in return increased more job opportunities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work