• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1972.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History c/w 2 Vietnam There are many factors which came together to explain why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1972. In the short term the US withdrew because the conditions in 1973 were right and Nixon's election campaign was approaching. 1973 was a good year for both parties to pull out of the war as peace terms had been agreed by both sides. Linked to these short-term factors were long term factors, which included financial, social and military reasons. All these long-term term factors had been gradually becoming worse running up to 1973. For example by the end of the war, it was costing $30 billion every year to continue fighting the war, also people t home and even the soldiers in Vietnam had, had enough and many wanted to see the end of the war. A long-term reason why the US withdrew from Vietnam in 1973 is their failure to win the war. I say they failed to win to war as, in1973 at the time of the withdraw, they weren't winning. There were many reasons why the US was losing. The first reason why they were losing was due to the tactic being used by both sides. The US had a huge army with modern weapons, whilst in contrast the Vietcong had a small army with old weapons. In this respect the US were by far superior to the Vietcong. However the Vietcong were used to fighting in the jungle environment of Vietnam. The Vietcong gained these skills when they defended Vietnam from the French after WWII to keep it from the French empire. ...read more.

Middle

These demonstrations gave rise to the hippy movement, which favoured peace and love instead of war. One example of these protests is the Ohio university demonstration in which students were expressing their views when the US National Guard opened fire on the protesters killing some of them. Therefore because of the war Americans were killing Americans, which would've made the US withdraw from the war as this shows how bad people, thought the war was. On the other hand the media was concentrating on the war and these demonstrations, which meant that the Civil Rights Movement lost its interest amongst the media. Therefore the Civil Rights Movement lost press interest and people became more interested in the war. This point leads me onto the racially related reasons why the US withdrew from Vietnam in 1973. The black community were unhappy with the war because proportionally more blacks were being sent to Vietnam than any other social or ethnic group. This would have made the black community unhappy with the Vietnam War because it would've meant more blacks were being sent to Vietnam than were supposed to be. We can tell that some blacks were upset because martin Luther king made a speech in which he expressed his view that he was concerned that the black US soldiers were being sent over to Vietnam. They were being sent in order to fight for a sense freedom for the Vietnamese people, which they do not even have for them selves. Still in today's world proportionally more blacks are in the US army than any other ethnic group. This wasn't the only reason the black community had to be upset about; Johnson's 'great reform' was cut back. ...read more.

Conclusion

These categories can be explained like a football game. The build up to a goal is the long-term effect of a goal, whilst the short-term effect of a goal is the shot. I have considered the significance of the reasons and concluded that factors working together have led to the point where the US feels they have to withdraw from Vietnam. However I have I felt the timing of the withdraw was significant. I say this because of the elections which where approaching. Nixon's main reason to withdraw was that he wanted to win another session in power. Nixon also felt that these elections were a point where the US could move on from the Vietnam War. These facts therefore raise the question that would the US have withdrew from Vietnam that year if there weren't any elections? My view on this is that I believe they wouldn't have withdrawn from Vietnam if there hadn't been presidential elections in that year. Another reason why I felt the timing of the withdraw was so significant was that a new super power had arisen onto the international stage. The US felt that if it pulled out of the Vietnam war it would be easier to make friends with China as they were next to Vietnam and wouldn't have liked that fact that the US were waging a war so close to them. Also China was a communist country and they were trying to prevent communism spreading in Vietnam, which would've made China weary of the US, as they obviously didn't like communism. This also raises the question what would have happened if China, a new super power, didn't arise at that time. Would this have left the US with less incentive to leave the war and withdraw from Vietnam in 1973? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent can it be argued that the use of guerilla warfare tactics ...

    This media presence played a big part in the way the world saw America during the war and therefore also their defeat. Photographers and journalists from around the world were sent to Vietnam to document both sides of the war.

  2. Vietnam - reasons the US lost the war.

    "Critics in the government, the military, and elsewhere claim that the media was dominated by the antiwar journalists who poisoned the American public against the war by delivering superficial and negative coverage of the conflict. (pg 177 Walter). This shows how Walter noticed that people attentions were grabbed by the over coverage the news released.

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    Chi Minh trail, but this had no effect on the VC morale or the way they used it, if one part was bombed off, then they simply switched to a different path. So, another way that the US tried to 'sniff out' any VC or activity along the trail was by using the planes to drop ADSID's- or Tropical Trees.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    Tet offensive (from the name of the Vietnamese lunar new year in mid-February), a co-ordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 urban targets. Despite its devastating psychological effect, the campaign, which Giap hoped would be decisive, failed, and Vietcong forces were ultimately driven back from most of the positions they had gained, losing 85,000 of their best troops.

  1. The Vietnam War was a war of communism against Capitalism. The North of Vietnam ...

    They could see what America was doing in destroying Vietnam and they wanted to do something o stop this from happening. The US were fed up with the criticism that they were receiving so they decided that something needed to be done that would win them the war built still avoid criticism.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    not only had the war caused their soldiers to kill innocent people in Vietnam but Americans were being killed in their own country for voicing their opinion. This put extra pressure on the government to find a peaceful way to end the war. In 1969 President Nixon withdrew 25,000 troops.

  1. Why did the US withdraw from Vietnam in 1973

    There was additional distress because many soldiers were sent home mentally ill or physically disabled. Others came home with experiences that changed them forever. The mother of a soldier accused of involvement in the My Lai massacre said, "I sent them (US army)

  2. Why did the American forces withdraw from Vietnam in 1973? The Americans got involve ...

    This is a massive figure and the US public would not be impressed if they knew their money not being used effectively. Therefore, the US government has to cover it up. Search and destroy can actually be described as a horrible tactic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work