• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

0Jamie Davies Coursework Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941? In this essay I am going to research why Germany was unable to defeat Britain. To enable me to do this I am going to investigate all the key events that happened e.g. the evacuation of Dunkirk. Germany was unable to defeat Britain by 1941 because Germany kept changing their tactics and Britain was taking full advantage of this. The first key event that Britain took full advantage of was the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940; also know as the "miracle." The advancing German army trapped the British and French armies on the beaches of Dunkirk. 330,000 men were trapped and they were a sitting target, for the Germans. From may 24th 1940 to 4th June 1940 hundreds of small boats helped ferry over 330,000 allied forces from the beaches of Dunkirk, to the larger ships offshore. The larger ships could not get near the beaches of Dunkirk as the beach of Dunkirk was on a shallow slope and the larger boats were an easy target for the Germans. Despite the attacks from German fighter and bomber planes Hitler never launched a full-scale attack on the beaches of Dunkirk. This was Hitler's first fatal mistake of the war, because over 333,000 soldiers were evacuated from the beaches of Dunkirk. ...read more.

Middle

The government did a number of steps to try and protect the civilians, the government ordered a total blackout, street and vehicle lights were shielded and dimmed, everybody was issued with a gas mask, and it was an offence to show a light. Windows were to be taped up so to avoid flying splinters when the windows were smashed. Sand bags protected important buildings, some people erected Anderson bomber shelters in their gardens and some used Morrison shelters in their homes. In towns there were public shelters, some families spent the night on the London underground platforms as they thought this was the safest place to be. The blitz was called off in 1941 due to the weather becoming worse and Hitler had changed his plans to invade the USSR, as Hitler no longer thought Britain would be a threat to him. Although air raid precautions were effective the Luftwaffe failed to break the morale of the British people, by now over 40,000 had been killed and 2 Million had been made homeless. Not only was London attacked but also so were many British cities Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool etc. The worse affected places were Coventry and Plymouth. The next key event is the invasion of the USSR; also know as operation barborossa in June 1941. ...read more.

Conclusion

families sleeping on the underground platform, saved many peoples lives. The invasion of the USSR helped Germany to fail to defeat Britain by 1941 because when Hitler declared war on Russia he didn't expect to fight them in winter because the winter in Russia reaches below freezing point and as the weather worsened, thousands of the German soldiers were killed or captured, as they didn't have the right clothing for there winter, also 20 million Russian people died. The role of Winston Churchill (British prime minister) helped Germany to fail to defeat Britain by 1941 because Hitler wanted to break the morale of people in the blitz but failed because Roosevelt (American president) visited bombsites and made very dramatic speeches, which helped keep up the spirits up of the people when the war was at its worst. Even though wartime propaganda was exaggerating his importance. The role played by the USA helped Germany fail to defeat Britain because America provided valuable food and weapons to Britain. This was called lense lease this was introduced in March 1941, when America declared war on Japan, Germany joined into help Japan, but with the USA providing Britain with weapons and equipment, the British could help America s they were all ready at war with Germany. I also think that Germany failed because Germany made a lot of mistakes by going into a lot of the wars unprepared, tired and weak. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why did the Franco-Prussian war happen and why were the Prussians able to defeat ...

    Great Britain like Napoleon I was in the early part of the 19th century. Also France and Britain had always mistrusted each other and this mistrust was still here in 1869 despite the fact that they allied against Russia in the Crimea.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The dualism of Party and State organizations, each with one or more divisions for the same function, was deliberate. In the end this reduced efficiency, but it strengthened Hitler's position by allowing him to play off one department against another.

  1. Blitzkreig coursework

    between the declaration of war and the German invasion to prepare for military confrontation with Germany. All the preparation that the French had made at preparation for a possible German through the gap that existed in the Magint Line was the digging of a shallow anti-tank ditch.

  2. Why Was Hitler Unable To Defeat Russia?

    He was a very gifted general whose tactics helped Russia defeat Germany. He brought in a specially trained Siberian unit, which had been defending the east. They were trained in winter conditions and had the right equipment. They helped Russia defeat Germany especially in the harshest, winter conditions.

  1. "To what extent was French defeat at the battle of Waterloo due to Napoleons ...

    These factors would have left the British army with poor morale. Napoleon himself said, "In war, moral factors account for three quarters of the whole; relative material strength accounts for only one quarter" by his own reckoning, Napoleon had the strength in his army, and superior morale.

  2. The battle of dunkirk

    As the Allied troops were caught off-guard by the German advance, a retreat was made towards the beaches of Dunkirk. While Allied troops awaited their inevitable fate, preparations for the evacuation began; named Operation Dynamo, commanded by Vice-Admiral Bertram Ramsay began May 22, 1940.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    However, Stalin and the rest of the regime knew that they could not completely control the rest of the population, especially peasants. Industry: During the civil war and the period of War Communism, industrial production fell. When the NEP was introduced in March 1921, it did not immediately lead to

  2. Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by ...

    By the end of the war, it was estimated that the 12 million soldiers in the army, were receiving about 200 grams of US food everyday. Overall, in terms of food and transport, Lend-Lease was critical to Russian success. Furthermore, another vital factor to consider is Hitler?s mistakes during the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work