• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917? Lenin's return and the April Theses 1. Where was Lenin during the February revolution and how was he able to return to Russia in April 1917? 2. What were the April Theses? What is their significance? 1. Lenin was in Switzerland in January 1917. The events of February 1917 took him by surprise. The Bolsheviks had very little involvement in the events themselves. They had probably only 10,000 members in Russia at the start of the year. Of all the parties in Russia at the time, the Bolsheviks seemed least likely to take power. Lenin was able to return by virtue of the fact that he was helped by the German government; they provided him with a train in which he travelled to Russia. ...read more.

Middle

2. The April Theses were Lenin's way of condemning the stand taken by Bolsheviks in Petrograd, who had basically been pursuing a Menshevik viewpoint that the Provisional Government should be supported so that the Soviets did not take over. In the Theses he urged the party to reject any co-operation with the Provisional Government, which he labelled as "parliamentary-bourgeois". He told people to campaign for "All Power to the Soviets". He claimed that the Soviets would be the basis of a new revolutionary government. He also demanded an immediate end to the 'imperialist' war: "Peace, Bread, Land" was a slogan which he used to highlight the three problems most important to the mass of Russian people. ...read more.

Conclusion

remaining loyal to the working class, their popularity increased o They were the only party that would bring about the changes needed for the Proletariat, as the other Marxists believed the bourgeois revolution would need time to settle before a second revolution could take place o Workers wanted control of the factories and the economy which the Bolsheviks offered o Because of the Kornilov Coup, the Provisional Government's weaknesses now were blatant to everyone. In the new Soviet elections in August and September the Bolsheviks won control of both the Petrograd and Moscow Soviets for the first time o He also appealed to the peasantry by offering them land, ideologically he did not want to give them land but was prepared to compromise his ideals to obtain his goal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    people believe that if Lenin had not been allowed back there would have been no October Revolution as he would have not persuaded the party to.

  2. Why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    "Bread, Peace and Land" and "All power to the Soviets" made them very popular with the different classes. The catch phrase "Peace, Bread, Land" had become extremely popular with the peasantry. Lenin was able to appeal to the peasants promising land reform, an end to the war and an improvement in Russia's food supply.

  1. How and why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    highly respected amongst the common people and would accept the things they said, so Lenin began to infiltrate these Soviets he would place Bolsheviks in them by only allowing the people to vote for a Bolshevik and attacking any people who objected In Lenin's April Thesis where he had promised

  2. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 mainly because of the effects of ...

    The Optimist Schools would argue war acted as a catalyst to the Tsar's collapse. Other schools would argue war merely accentuated the existing problems and deficiencies in Russia. The economic backwardness added to military in capabilities which were symbolized in the great retreat of 1915.

  1. Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

    called the Model Peasant Mandates, which sought to abolish landowner's monopolies and divide the land into smallholdings (similar to Lenin's NEP). The Provisional Government's failed to implement this scheme, because the weak antagonistic coalition spent most of their time in office furiously debating less-pressing issues such as Polish Independence and Capitol Punishment.

  2. "The Bolsheviks did not seize power, they picked it up." How well does this ...

    The government quickly lost the support of a large proportion of the troops. This provided excellent targets for Bolshevik propaganda. What is more, the Russian situation in the war worsened and humiliating defeat began to loom large. This robbed the Provisional Government of any popular support, and the chance to crush army dissent.

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    This created a bad relationship between the proletariat and Provisional Government. In 1917 after the February revolution inflation had shot up causing further depression especially in the cities due to wages in factories not keeping up. The war was firstly a spark of patriotism throughout Russia, but as blood had

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    From the 3rd to the 6th of July, there was a dilemma for the Bolshevik party which became known as the ?July Days?. Sailors at the naval base of Kronstadt organised their own armed demonstrations under Bolshevik slogans such as ?All powers to the soviets? and marched into Petrograd.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work