• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917? Lenin's return and the April Theses 1. Where was Lenin during the February revolution and how was he able to return to Russia in April 1917? 2. What were the April Theses? What is their significance? 1. Lenin was in Switzerland in January 1917. The events of February 1917 took him by surprise. The Bolsheviks had very little involvement in the events themselves. They had probably only 10,000 members in Russia at the start of the year. Of all the parties in Russia at the time, the Bolsheviks seemed least likely to take power. Lenin was able to return by virtue of the fact that he was helped by the German government; they provided him with a train in which he travelled to Russia. ...read more.

Middle

2. The April Theses were Lenin's way of condemning the stand taken by Bolsheviks in Petrograd, who had basically been pursuing a Menshevik viewpoint that the Provisional Government should be supported so that the Soviets did not take over. In the Theses he urged the party to reject any co-operation with the Provisional Government, which he labelled as "parliamentary-bourgeois". He told people to campaign for "All Power to the Soviets". He claimed that the Soviets would be the basis of a new revolutionary government. He also demanded an immediate end to the 'imperialist' war: "Peace, Bread, Land" was a slogan which he used to highlight the three problems most important to the mass of Russian people. ...read more.

Conclusion

remaining loyal to the working class, their popularity increased o They were the only party that would bring about the changes needed for the Proletariat, as the other Marxists believed the bourgeois revolution would need time to settle before a second revolution could take place o Workers wanted control of the factories and the economy which the Bolsheviks offered o Because of the Kornilov Coup, the Provisional Government's weaknesses now were blatant to everyone. In the new Soviet elections in August and September the Bolsheviks won control of both the Petrograd and Moscow Soviets for the first time o He also appealed to the peasantry by offering them land, ideologically he did not want to give them land but was prepared to compromise his ideals to obtain his goal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    people believe that if Lenin had not been allowed back there would have been no October Revolution as he would have not persuaded the party to.

  2. Why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    "Bread, Peace and Land" and "All power to the Soviets" made them very popular with the different classes. The catch phrase "Peace, Bread, Land" had become extremely popular with the peasantry. Lenin was able to appeal to the peasants promising land reform, an end to the war and an improvement in Russia's food supply.

  1. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    However, Stalin seemed to take these ideas to more extreme lengths. For example, the purges eliminating certain classing such as the kulaks (wealthier peasants). This shows a time when Lenin and his views were not taken into account by Stalin, as he would almost certainly have disagreed with Stalin's actions.

  2. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 mainly because of the effects of ...

    His ineptitude was characterised by the lost trust and prestige of his position in the eyes of both his opponents and supporters.

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    been scattered too many times, so people and soldiers only supported a defensive war, to protect the motherland and not to expand it. The first coalition government was set up in May 1917 and led by Prince Lvov, which consisted mainly of Kadets, Mensheviks and SR's.

  2. Why Were The Bolsheviks able to Seize Power in October 1917?

    The Provisional Government's lack of action, at least action that helped the masses, is a major cause in the reason the Bolsheviks were able to take power but whether the blame for this can be all be put at the Provisional Government's door and specifically Kerensky's door is debateable.

  1. Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

    This is similar to the German 'Alliance of Iron and Rye.' This was the idea that industry could not function successfully without good agricultural production. This offer of immediate land reform enlarged the Bolshevik support base beyond its traditional, working class voters, meaning their attempts at Revolution in October would have been unchallenged by the peasantry.

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    With support from the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries, the Provisional government were able to crush the rising. The events of the ?July Days? led in the short term, to the discrediting of the Bolsheviks, who were blamed by many for the bloodshed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work