• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Were the Us Troops Withdrawn From Vietnam In 1973?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHY WERE THE US TROOPS WITHDRAWN FROM VIETNAM IN 1973? It can be argued that America should never have got involved in the Vietnam war in the first place, but once it was, bad military planning contributed to the US's inevitable failure. Military blunders, unclear tactics, increasing financial commitment and loss of US soldiers gradually increased political pressure to pull out. The USA's desire to prevent Vietnam becoming a Communist nation initiated their intervention when Eisenhower was President. Under President's Kennedy and Johnson, there was increasing military support to South Vietnam until in 1964 a Vietcong attack on a US ship in the Gulf of Ton Kin precipitated the sending in of troops. The war was fought under political restraints which rendered it ineffective. A reluctance to upset world opinion and provoke a negative response from China and Russia as well as a sensitivity to reactions at home, lead to a US military campaign that was muddled and tactically defective. ...read more.

Middle

The situation reached its peak in 1968 following the 'Tet Offensive' by the Vietcong. This was a major attack on many towns and cities in South Vietnam, including the American embassy in Saigon. Americans at home were shocked that the Vietcong could launch such a massive attack after Johnson had insisted that they were nearly beaten and were incapable of such a feat. Because the media was now against Johnson's policies, the Newspapers and TV portrayed the 'Tet Offensive' as a Vietcong success. In fact the Vietcong suffered more than twice the losses than the US troops and the South Vietnamese did together. The little faith that remained in the government's handling of the war, was now lost, which lead to Johnson standing down as presidential candidate in the next elections. ...read more.

Conclusion

To bolster South Vietnam against further attacks from North Vietnam, Richard Nixon's Secretary of Defence initiated Project Enhance which was $2 billion worth of military equipment being rushed over to South Vietnam to strengthen their defences. Nixon's policy gradually reduced military involvement in Vietnam and on 27th of January 1973 a peace agreement between the US and North Vietnam was signed. By the end of March 1973, all U.S. fighting forces had been withdrawn. President Nixon gave assurances of future support to the South if the North were to breach the terms of the treaty but further military assistance to South Vietnam became politically impossible. One reason for this was the collapse of Nixon's political authority due to the Watergate scandal which eventually forced his resignation. To conclude, America pulled out of the war because it was war weary with no end in sight. The American people could no longer be persuaded that the war was either justified or winnable. Daniel Allan 11GS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE YOM KIPPUR WAR OF 1973?

    This then can help readers further understand the Yom Kippur war and why the Arabs did not want a state of Israel at that time. Also, another point about the author that since he was French it would further strengthen his neutrality on this sensitive topic thus further ensuring that the information was more or less accurate.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The Bombing of the US Embassy Annex In September 1984, William Casey, head of the CIA, was spending lots of time at Langley raising consciousness about a possible terrorist attack in the closing weeks of the US presidential campaign. He made it clear that the entire U.S.

  1. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    that the people desperately needed their help, when in fact the average Vietnamese peasant actually cared very little about politics. The peasants just wanted to get on with their normal rural life, and the Americans disrupted this.

  2. Explain why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973?

    It was also difficult for Americans to identify their enemies as the VC could dress as civilians and blend in during the day and only operate under the cover of night without being suspected. The VC also had an enormous underground tunnel network in which they could live for weeks,

  1. Potentialproblems president Johnson could face by sending troops to Vietnam.

    The majority of recognition he received was from younger people and students. They opposed the war and staged large scale protests outside large company buildings and in the middle of roads, where they would be noticed the most. Between 1964 and 1965 there were many violent and once fatal protests.

  2. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1956, 1967 and 1973.

    prepared for war and had the support of eight Arab nations behind him. The Arabs were confident of the military aid that they were going to receive from Russia and they weren't wrong as they were supplied with vast supplies of the latest weapons in order to fight against Israel.

  1. Why were USA forces withdrawn from Vietnamin 1973?

    This did not happen and the Vietcong were struck hard when they lost 30,000 men. The consequences of the Tet offence were huge for American troops as the media got hold of footage of the Tet offence, which they broadcast in USA.

  2. Why were US forces withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973?

    This led to the war intensifying; the US increased its bombing over Laos and Cambodia in 1971 to destroy the Ho Chi Minh Trail to pressure the North to give in. This failed, as there were only 285000 troops left in Vietnam and the North realised that it only had

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work