• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With what justification can World War 1 be called a "Total War"?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With what justification can World War 1 be called a "Total War"? A definition of a total war is a war in which the all of the resources of a nation such as manpower's, industry, weapons and raw materials are used in the national interest and which the attack is made not only on the armed forces of the enemy, but also (subject to certain limitations) on all its civilian people and industry. Total wars have total aims such total destruction of your enemy, total destruction on a total geographical scale, which leads to total participation of all countries as well as total destruction of the world. Now compared to World War Two, it has been argued whether ort not the First World War was total or not as the second d World War had an even greater impact on the world than the first one. One factor, which allows us to be able to judge whether or not, the First World War was a total war is the geographical area, which it covers. The First World War, I believe, cannot be considered as a total war, because total; was by geographical scaling would mean that the war would involve all of the countries of the world, and it would indeed mean that the world would end up in total global destruction. The First World Wart had been mainly concentrated in Western Europe the main battles had been fought in, Neuve Chapelle, Vimy, Loos, The Somme, Champagne, and Verdun, which were all located in France. ...read more.

Middle

In terms of mobilization of finance and industry, one could claim that WWI was indeed a total war, but at the same time, one has to consider the fact that the mobilization of finance and industry (for some countries) did not take place until the 1915-1918. By the 3rd of August 1914, Walther Rathneau had persuaded Falkenhayer's War Ministry to set up a War Raw Materials Department (KRA) and this had been designed to have all the raw materials including labour to be officially declared as a state of emergency. This meant that all of these resources would be going towards war production of which the military had first priority. Any raw materials, which were unavailable, were often procured in foreign or occupied countries, and German scientist were being given a lot of support in developing substitute products seeing as certain resources were beginning to run scarce. During this reallocation of resources, the whole of the German industry including a series pf Raw Materials Companies were co-opting into the whole war production industry. The food was also being focused in the military side, as in January 1915; the Imperial Grain Office introduced bread rationing, followed by the rationing of all foodstuff, which was because all food, which was being produced, had been going towards fighting the war, and therefore lead to food shortages in Germany. By September 1914, Germany had reorganized the nation's industry into 12 regions and distributing massive orders for thousands of shells and guns. ...read more.

Conclusion

On of these factor s was political which resulted in the collapse of the German, Russian, and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Ottoman Empire was one of the largest in Europe and its collapse resulted in newly formed "successor states" such as Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, indirectly Poland and Yugoslavia. In Russia, the Tsarist regime had been overthrown and replaced by a most radical regime in Europe, which was to have an impact on the rest of Europe over a period of 75years. Not only had there been political changes after the war, there had been some social changes which had taken place as well, such as the role of women in the society. The participation that women had during the war had been enormous, and that lead to them finally being recognised as equals in the society. The stereotype attitude that "a woman's place is at the home" had altered. Woman, during the war, no longer stayed home and cooked, instead they began to do the jobs, which the men (in the army-fighting the war) were previously doing, which were mainly working in the industry to produce armaments for the men who were working in the battlefield. In places like France-25% of the labour force droning the war was a female. After the war, there was another transformation with the role that women could play in society. After the war, females were allowed to join the army, and they in fact even set up an organisation called the WAAC () which allowed the to work and serve in the army...something which was previously not allowed. 1 Anelisa Mkatshane History Essay... Total War ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The four powers, Germany, Italy, Britain and France, met at Munich on 28 September 1938. They agreed to let Hitler have the Sudetenland. * Hitler and Chamberlain signed an agreement that Britain and Germany would never go to war again.

  2. Causes of WWI.

    This was the first war in the human history where the weapons of defense were superior to offensive. The First World War is also known as a war of attrition. In order to protect themselves from modern weapons, men dug in along the whole of the Western Front.

  1. What is "Total War"? Discuss with reference to World War One and World War ...

    All the industries were now working under the government and were producing what was needed for the war. To keep the production going WOMEN for the first time ever introduced to the men jobs. It was something like a revolution.

  2. Women and social change - To what extent did World War One effect womens ...

    They were also more widely employed in industrial jobs. By 1918 In England the proportion of women works rose strikingly in public transport (for example, from 18,000 to 117,000 bus conductors), banking (9,500 to 63,700), and commerce (505,000 to 934,000). Women previously in employment as domestic workers and out workers as well as well as the wives of enlisted men all became war workers.

  1. Vietnam War.

    A series of other coups followed, and in the 18 months after Diem's overthrow South Vietnam had ten different governments. None of these proved capable of dealing effectively with the country's military situation. A military council under General Nguyen Van Thieu and General Nguyen Cao Ky was finally created in 1965, and it restored basic political order.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    His negotiating stance grew tenuous, however, after Lebanese leaders, who had previously expressed solidarity with the PLO, petitioned him to abandon Beirut to spare the civilian population further suffering. Arafat informed Habib of his agreement in principle to withdraw the PLO from Beirut on condition that a multinational peacekeeping force be deployed to protect the Palestinian families left behind.

  1. The Second World War as a Total War

    Germany's aircraft went to London, it consisted of 348 German bombers and 317 fighters and it lasted for 57 days. New weapons were also used, e.g. aerial bomb. Railway stations and airfields were bombed as well as civilians. In the Blitz, Britain suffered more civilian than military casualties.

  2. Cold War

    development of hydrogen bombs and intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), along with many other weapons. The most obviously visible part of the Cold War was the arms race. Massive and expensive expansion on military action and advancement movements by both nations involved caused a new concept of thinking.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work