• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With what justification can World War 1 be called a "Total War"?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With what justification can World War 1 be called a "Total War"? A definition of a total war is a war in which the all of the resources of a nation such as manpower's, industry, weapons and raw materials are used in the national interest and which the attack is made not only on the armed forces of the enemy, but also (subject to certain limitations) on all its civilian people and industry. Total wars have total aims such total destruction of your enemy, total destruction on a total geographical scale, which leads to total participation of all countries as well as total destruction of the world. Now compared to World War Two, it has been argued whether ort not the First World War was total or not as the second d World War had an even greater impact on the world than the first one. One factor, which allows us to be able to judge whether or not, the First World War was a total war is the geographical area, which it covers. The First World War, I believe, cannot be considered as a total war, because total; was by geographical scaling would mean that the war would involve all of the countries of the world, and it would indeed mean that the world would end up in total global destruction. The First World Wart had been mainly concentrated in Western Europe the main battles had been fought in, Neuve Chapelle, Vimy, Loos, The Somme, Champagne, and Verdun, which were all located in France. ...read more.

Middle

In terms of mobilization of finance and industry, one could claim that WWI was indeed a total war, but at the same time, one has to consider the fact that the mobilization of finance and industry (for some countries) did not take place until the 1915-1918. By the 3rd of August 1914, Walther Rathneau had persuaded Falkenhayer's War Ministry to set up a War Raw Materials Department (KRA) and this had been designed to have all the raw materials including labour to be officially declared as a state of emergency. This meant that all of these resources would be going towards war production of which the military had first priority. Any raw materials, which were unavailable, were often procured in foreign or occupied countries, and German scientist were being given a lot of support in developing substitute products seeing as certain resources were beginning to run scarce. During this reallocation of resources, the whole of the German industry including a series pf Raw Materials Companies were co-opting into the whole war production industry. The food was also being focused in the military side, as in January 1915; the Imperial Grain Office introduced bread rationing, followed by the rationing of all foodstuff, which was because all food, which was being produced, had been going towards fighting the war, and therefore lead to food shortages in Germany. By September 1914, Germany had reorganized the nation's industry into 12 regions and distributing massive orders for thousands of shells and guns. ...read more.

Conclusion

On of these factor s was political which resulted in the collapse of the German, Russian, and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Ottoman Empire was one of the largest in Europe and its collapse resulted in newly formed "successor states" such as Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, indirectly Poland and Yugoslavia. In Russia, the Tsarist regime had been overthrown and replaced by a most radical regime in Europe, which was to have an impact on the rest of Europe over a period of 75years. Not only had there been political changes after the war, there had been some social changes which had taken place as well, such as the role of women in the society. The participation that women had during the war had been enormous, and that lead to them finally being recognised as equals in the society. The stereotype attitude that "a woman's place is at the home" had altered. Woman, during the war, no longer stayed home and cooked, instead they began to do the jobs, which the men (in the army-fighting the war) were previously doing, which were mainly working in the industry to produce armaments for the men who were working in the battlefield. In places like France-25% of the labour force droning the war was a female. After the war, there was another transformation with the role that women could play in society. After the war, females were allowed to join the army, and they in fact even set up an organisation called the WAAC () which allowed the to work and serve in the army...something which was previously not allowed. 1 Anelisa Mkatshane History Essay... Total War ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * In 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. He ordered the German delegates to walk out of a Disarmament Conference organised by the League of Nations. He stated that Germany was prepared to disarm if other nations did so as well. He then left the League immediately afterwards.

  2. The Second World War as a Total War

    In each week of September 1940, 40,000 to 50,000 people lost their homes. In November, 4500 people were killed and thousands more injured. In London alone, 12,500 died in December. People were so terrified that they fled the city each night, sleep1ing with relatives or in farmers' barns or just camping in the open fields.

  1. Cold War

    There was no point to why any country was willing to kill itself over a simple decision. The threat of nuclear missiles was not in their use, but in their misuse, disposal, and testing. The real problem with a nuclear weapon was that it could be accidentally fired or used in a situation of confusion.

  2. What is "Total War"? Discuss with reference to World War One and World War ...

    The government introduced a huge recruitment campaign. It was also the first time so much propaganda was used. Half a million joined the army in one month! The government tried as hard as possible to encourage men to sign up. There were posters, leaflets, exciting speeches from the politicians etc.

  1. "For what reasons can it be argued that the Second World War was "Total ...

    A complete new style of fighting was introduced. It involved more weapons, more machinery, more soldiers and thus obviously more damage and deaths. For example, a new tactic that became known as Blitzkrieg, or lightening war, was introduced. Blitzkrieg used shock tactics.

  2. The impact of the Second World War on the US economy and society.

    Japanese-Americans When war broke out it was decided to move 110,000 Japanese-Americans from their homes on the west coast, because they might be a security risk. Many were forced to sell most of their belongings and lost $500,000,000 as a result.

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    At first there was a good deal of pressure on Churchill from his Cabinet to make peace with Hitler, but he refused. Instead he began to make a series of speeches designed to raise the morale of the British people.

  2. During the course of this essay I will be investigating a play called 'All ...

    Because they weren't just men. For instance, one time it'd been raining several days and this kid came to me, and gave me his last pair of dry socks. Put them in my pocket. That's only a little thing-but...that's the kind of boys I had.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work