• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Women and Work on the Home Front.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Section A: Women and Work on the Home Front According to source A1, women contributed significantly to the war effort. Many men believed that in times of war the women's role was to keep the home life normal, which a few women did do. However, women were needed to maintain the crucial industrial output that proved so significant in winning the war. As in the First World War, the factories turned to women, as their male workforces were a way fighting. In addition, many women worked on the land, and many were mobilised into civil defence. Britain also introduced conscription for women, which was highly unusual but it can prove how much women were needed. According to sources A1 and A2, women responded positively to the outbreak of war, by showing their willingness to help out and do work on the home front. Up until 1942, a large number of women were already contributing to the war effort by volunteering their services. Source A1 tells us about the women's conscription act passed in 1942 after the government calculated two million more people were needed for work in the factories and the forces, source A2 tells us that seven and a quarter million women had been conscripted by 1943, and many other women worked voluntary. This is certainly a positive response, and women were said to be "patriotic and they realised the need or national unity. ...read more.

Middle

Two: it promotes the work the government want the women to undertake. The article puts great emphasis on "tipping the scales" and the idea that the war will be lost if women do not immediately volunteer, there is a great sense of urgency. The source also stresses the need for women to 'volunteer', which suggests that the government originally did not want to conscript women. The article is written to prove its point from various angles. It promotes jobs as glamorous, says that the jobs women are needed for are just as important as the ones men do, fighting as soldiers, and stresses the honour women would gain from working and the equality they would have with men. The article is agreeing that women are capable of doing the work required of them, and emphasises the end of patronising women in employment by the phrase " no longer...little jobs for little women". The source also plays on the women's guilt, saying that the war will be lost if the women do not help. The article also gives some information on certain jobs, like including the pay figures for work on the battlefront and civil defence and the munitions factories. I believe that this source could be quite reliable in certain aspects, but as propaganda, it is likely to be exaggerating the good points of work, and not including the bad points of women working. ...read more.

Conclusion

were. Although these posters are useful forms of primary evidence, they are all propaganda. Propaganda was used during the Second World War to influence public opinion (propaganda is still used today). As this source is purely propaganda, it is unlikely to be balanced and therefore reliable. Further example of government propaganda is source A5. It differs from the propaganda in source A4, as it is an article, and targeted to a specific group of people. The article is government issued. The source is advertising for volunteers to work in factories and the ATS. The source does not have a date, however, we can assume that it is written before 1942 as it is advertising for volunteers to work, and after 1942, it was compulsory for women to do national service so there would be no need for propaganda such as this. The article emphasises the importance of women working, saying that the war would definitely be lost if women do not help. There is no reason to doubt the truthfulness of the article, however, as propaganda the use of exaggeration and the avoidance of any negative views must be taken into consideration. I believe that World War 2 greatly affected people's attitudes towards women and work. Nevertheless, I feel that it was mainly women's attitudes that were changed, rather than men's. After, and gradually during the war, women became more confident in their capabilities, and their refreshed attitudes became a turning point in British history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    They were slaughtered. Similarly in Source J Lloyd George is downbeat, 'this offensive was already a failure', he calls the offensive used by Haig a failure. Unlike in Source I, he says,' I expressed my doubts to General Haig'; he blames the failure on Haig.

  2. American History.

    In return for sacrifices equality of opportunity would prevail, eventually creating a merit-based "natural aristocracy." Another was held by other members of the elite and some skilled craftsman? [ex. Alexander Hamilton] and was more about economics, drawing on Adam Smith's theories about individual self-interest leading for the best for the community.

  1. Armed forces.

    Zip, Traffic lights and 35mm camera are all invented 1915 Gallipoli landings; Gilbert and Ellice islands annexed Zeppelin raids Japan imposes 21 demands on China Einstein's General Theory of Relativity 1916 Mesopotamia campaign; Easter rising in Dublin; Troops enter Yaounde in Cameroons; Drive Germans out of Kenya Somme; Jutland Verdun;

  2. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    He shot down 80 Allied planes. The planes were a popular subject at the time and were later the subject of many Hollywood movies. In the early stages of the war airships were the most important form of flight. They were called Zeppelins and were a key weapon in the war at sea.

  1. The Home Front

    They were not expected to take positions of leadership. A group of women known as the "Suffragettes" staged to achieve greater equality with men. Many groups were set up for women including the Women's Hospital Corporations and the Women's Police Volunteers. They were there to take the place of men while they were off fighting the war.

  2. The Home Front - source related study

    Also Source B was written by Sylvia Pankhurst, a suffragette who may have wanted to make women's conditions seem worse than they actually were. Source A also disagrees with Source C as it certainly does not imply that women had any freedom or social life.

  1. The home front (source based work) 1914 - 1918.

    for the same wages as normal time it can hardly be called freedom! However, Source C does support the evidence in Source B as the women in Source B must of 'prefer factory life' as the factory owner stated in Source C otherwise they would not stay and work for that factory.

  2. In What Ways If Any Did Life On the Home Front Change As a ...

    then the government needed even more men so they made it all men between the ages of 18 to 40 married or not. This changed a lot of young mens' lives this is shown In source A2 which is about a reluctant soldier who has been forced to join up due to the Conscription Act.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work