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sources of law

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Statute law This refers to legislation passed by the UK parliament. The most important aspects of legislation include: * Employment Rights Act 1996: this covers most individual employment rights and duties including itemised pay statements, Sunday working rates, maternity, paternity and termination of employment rights * Criminal Defence Service Act 2006: An Act to make provision about representation funded as part of the Criminal Defence Service. * Constitutional Reform Act 2005: the Act creates a Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (which is generally to be known as 'The Supreme Court' in the Act and other legislation) and makes provision for the transfer to the Supreme Court of the appellate jurisdiction of the House of Lords and the devolution jurisdiction of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. ...read more.


This law is used in both civil and criminal matters the examples include: * The Rules on Recklessness (Caldwell, Cunningham, R & Others) * Rape of one's own wife (RVR) * Unilateral offers ( Carlill V Carbolic smoke ball & co) These are just few examples of the common law in-fact one Branch of law called Negligence came after the case of Donoghue v Stevenson Custom Some employee rights may be implied through local custom and practice, such as working hours. Custom can evolve over time and throughout history and may be more prevalent in certain industries or professions. Custom and practice cannot override statute or expressly agreed terms by an employer and employee. ...read more.


* Decisions - these are binding and do not require nationally implemented legislation EU-law has invoked a number of regulations in the UK employment arena, including: * Article 141 Treaty of Rome: this provides that men and women should receive equal pay for equal work * Working Time Directive and the UK Working Time Regulations 1998: this limits working hours for EU citizens to an average of 48 hours per week. It also covers the right to a day off; rest breaks when working for over six hours and four weeks paid annual leave. * Equal Treatment Directive implemented in the UK by the amendments to the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and the Sex Discrimination Act 1986: this outlaws discrimination on the grounds of sex , marital or family status. ...read more.

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