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four theoretical models of child abuse

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  • Essay length: 1530 words
  • Submitted: 18/07/2009
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AS and A Level Miscellaneous

The first 200 words of this essay...

P2. Describe four theoretical models of child abuse

M1. Compare four theoretical models of child abuse

D1. Evaluate four theoretical models of child abuse

There are four theoretical models of abuse. These are:

* Medical model

* Sociological model

* Psychological model

* Feminist model

I will now go on to describe the different models of child abuse, and also evaluate them aswell.

Medical model of child abuse

The main point of the medical model of child abuse is that abuse is seen as a disease and an illness. Kempe (a paediatrician) used the phrase 'battered child syndrome'. From this it meant that other people saw child abuse as a disease, and followed the same view as he had. Kempe even stated that there were four specific signs and symptoms which in turn became known as 'Kempe's four factors of abuse'. The four factors of abuse are:

* The parents have either been abused themselves, or have abused before

* The child is 'unlovable' or 'disappointing'

* There is a crisis

* There is no aid when the crisis occurs

Kempe changed his 'theory'

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