four theoretical models of child abuse
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P2. Describe four theoretical models of child abuse M1. Compare four theoretical models of child abuse D1. Evaluate four theoretical models of child abuse There are four theoretical models of abuse. These are: * Medical model * Sociological model * Psychological model * Feminist model I will now go on to describe the different models of child abuse, and also evaluate them aswell. Medical model of child abuse The main point of the medical model of child abuse is that abuse is seen as a disease and an illness. Kempe (a paediatrician) used the phrase 'battered child syndrome'. From this it meant that other people saw child abuse as a disease, and followed the same view as he had. Kempe even stated that there were four specific signs and symptoms which in turn became known as 'Kempe's four factors of abuse'. The four factors of abuse are: * The parents have either been abused themselves, or have abused before * The child is 'unlovable' or 'disappointing' * There is a crisis * There is no aid when the crisis occurs Kempe changed his 'theory' to 'child abuse and neglect'.
Psychological model of child abuse This relates to how families function, and it says that when a family 'breakdown' occurs, it should be known as 'family dysfunctioning'. It believes that by taking part in therapy as a family then it can repair any poor relationships, and also that this, in turn can help to prevent child abuse. The theory believes that by taking part in this therapy it could mean that all of the problems within the one family are taken out on one child; this can either mean the youngest child, or the weakest child. However, it could also mean that all of the children in the family are abused Evaluation of the psychological model of child abuse This model of abuse believes that by receiving and taking part in family therapy that it can 'cure' and 'fix' any problems, and also that abuse within a family can be prevented through this. I do not, however, believe that by simply taking part in family therapy that it can cure any problems, or also that it can't prevent child abuse happening, especially when the abuse has already taken part within the family.
The sociological model believes that it is because of the background, and the society that the family lives in is the reason that abuse occurs. The psychological model believes that through therapy it can concentrate on the way that the family works, and that by giving the family therapy sessions it can help to 'fix' the family. The feminist model and the psychological model both believe that within a family unit there is certain people who will get abused, as opposed to the others. The feminist model believes that it is the women with the family who will get abused simply because they are seen as the person who can be dominated. The psychological model believes that the weakest person within the family unit will be the one who is abused The medical model and the feminist model both believe that abuse within a family unit is sometimes 'unpreventable'. The medical model believes that sometimes abuse can be unpreventable for reasons known as 'Kempe's four factors of abuse', and the feminist model believes that if a there is a situation that the 'man of the house' needs to sort, then it is perfectly fine for him to do it by abusing and dominating the adults.
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