• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

four theoretical models of child abuse

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P2. Describe four theoretical models of child abuse M1. Compare four theoretical models of child abuse D1. Evaluate four theoretical models of child abuse There are four theoretical models of abuse. These are: * Medical model * Sociological model * Psychological model * Feminist model I will now go on to describe the different models of child abuse, and also evaluate them aswell. Medical model of child abuse The main point of the medical model of child abuse is that abuse is seen as a disease and an illness. Kempe (a paediatrician) used the phrase 'battered child syndrome'. From this it meant that other people saw child abuse as a disease, and followed the same view as he had. Kempe even stated that there were four specific signs and symptoms which in turn became known as 'Kempe's four factors of abuse'. The four factors of abuse are: * The parents have either been abused themselves, or have abused before * The child is 'unlovable' or 'disappointing' * There is a crisis * There is no aid when the crisis occurs Kempe changed his 'theory' to 'child abuse and neglect'. ...read more.

Middle

Psychological model of child abuse This relates to how families function, and it says that when a family 'breakdown' occurs, it should be known as 'family dysfunctioning'. It believes that by taking part in therapy as a family then it can repair any poor relationships, and also that this, in turn can help to prevent child abuse. The theory believes that by taking part in this therapy it could mean that all of the problems within the one family are taken out on one child; this can either mean the youngest child, or the weakest child. However, it could also mean that all of the children in the family are abused Evaluation of the psychological model of child abuse This model of abuse believes that by receiving and taking part in family therapy that it can 'cure' and 'fix' any problems, and also that abuse within a family can be prevented through this. I do not, however, believe that by simply taking part in family therapy that it can cure any problems, or also that it can't prevent child abuse happening, especially when the abuse has already taken part within the family. ...read more.

Conclusion

The sociological model believes that it is because of the background, and the society that the family lives in is the reason that abuse occurs. The psychological model believes that through therapy it can concentrate on the way that the family works, and that by giving the family therapy sessions it can help to 'fix' the family. The feminist model and the psychological model both believe that within a family unit there is certain people who will get abused, as opposed to the others. The feminist model believes that it is the women with the family who will get abused simply because they are seen as the person who can be dominated. The psychological model believes that the weakest person within the family unit will be the one who is abused The medical model and the feminist model both believe that abuse within a family unit is sometimes 'unpreventable'. The medical model believes that sometimes abuse can be unpreventable for reasons known as 'Kempe's four factors of abuse', and the feminist model believes that if a there is a situation that the 'man of the house' needs to sort, then it is perfectly fine for him to do it by abusing and dominating the adults. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Miscellaneous essays

  1. Referencing. This essay is going to look at four different methods of research used ...

    For example Alemayehu E, Mooloy D, Guyatt G, Singer J et al. Variability in Physicians' Decisions on Caring for Chronically Ill Elderly Patients: An International Study. Canadian Medical Association Journal 1991, 144(9):1133-1138. The final method of research is newspapers. The positives and negatives of newspapers are similar to that of websites and journals.

  2. child abuse and legislation

    It is necessary to listen carefully to try and remember as much information as possible and then as soon as the child has left it is essential to write down everything that you have been told, with the date and the time so that there is a written record while it is still fresh in your mind.

  1. Ownership of the T & T industry

    There is also a Natural History museum in London it is a very big museum with over 70 million items and is also probably one of the most popular with tourist and day visitor Art Galleries - They put works off different artists on display for the public, and different

  2. World Poverty

    Daniel T. Lichter gives information about poverty and how it affects children in his journal "Poverty and Inequality Among Children". He explains that "childhood poverty impairs physical growth, cognitive development, and socio-emotional functioning." Lichter goes on to say that many children are affected by poverty and we may not realize how bad it is until they become adults.

  1. Media in society

    Ultimately, the broadsheet gives the heading; "four die as gales batter Britain," again with pictures but only 3 pictures depicting similar scenes, but again with a tone and colour that stay true through the rest of the articles.

  2. Communication in todays society

    Therefore longitudinal and crosswise communications are extremely important. This requires their effectiveness on communication. As Barrett (2005:p.3) points out that: "effective leadership depends on effective communication. It is through effective communication that leaders guide, direct, motivate and inspire. Without effective communication, a manager accomplishes little. Without effective communication, a manager is not an effective leader." Moreover, Walters (2007)

  1. "Why has there been a substantial increase in the adopted population of children born ...

    Then we brought her home to meet her brother. It was very exciting. Interviewer: What was Lucy's story? A: We don't really know a lot as the agency wasn't able to tell us much about her. All we know is that she was born on February 9 1998 in Najing

  2. types of child abuse

    Children may be forced to engage in sexually explicit behaviour or oral sex, masturbation or the fondling of sexual parts." (Bruce, T. et Al. 2005. p.514). Sexual abuse is more likely to be inflicted on a child by a member of their family, or somebody that they know and trust.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work