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Ownership of the T & T industry

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Travel Agents They provide information & advice about travelling; they are normally shops in the high streets. There are two main types of travel agents they are: 1. Retail Travel Agencies 2. Business Travel Agencies Retail Travel Agencies would be just your normal travel agents that you would have in the high streets. They offer various different products to offer, they have holidays, flights, tours, city breaks, cruises, hotels, car hire etc. You can go to a travel agency and you could do it in two ways when after a holiday, you can go and do all of the research yourself find out where you want to stay, how long for, any accessories you might need like visas or car hire, or you could look at their packaged holidays which include flights there and back, accommodation, and any other required services. Now the packaged holidays also tend to include a further discount and can be cheaper that purchasing everything for your holiday separately. Some of the better known retail travel agencies would be Thomas Cook, Going places and TUI, these are all multiple travel agencies and are scattered all over the UK's high streets. Their role is to sell you their products in order to make a profit, their biggest area for profit is commission, as most travel agents do not own their own planes, hotels, ferries etc. Their biggest area for commission is the packaged holidays which they put together flights, accommodation, the destination etc. For each packaged holiday they sell they would get 10% commission, below is a list of the other products where they look to make profit in commission. Travel Insurance - 35 / 40% Packaged Holidays - 10% Ferry Booking - 9% Cruises - 9% Airline Tickets - 7.5 / 9% Rail Tickets - 7% Travel Cheques - 1% Business Travel Agencies specialise for business clients that normally travel short distances and not for too long. They can arrange the flights & accommodation to the passports and visas. ...read more.

Middle

A popular Art gallery in Brighton is call Brighton Museum & Art gallery which features many different works of Art from 20th Century works of art to Mr Willet's pottery! One of the most popular Art gallery's in the UK is the National gallery in London which has one of the best ranges of art in Europe; they have work from many famous artists including Van Gogh and Leonard da Vinci. Theatres - They are places where you can go to watch performing arts like play's, musicals, ballet etc. Theatres are popular with everyone, it is more what is on at the theatre which might not suit everyone for example not everyone is interested in ballet shows. You particularly see many couples going to the theatre, educational purposes, you see families etc. One of the best destinations for the theatre in the UK is probably London's West End which is mainly theatres. Some of the More popular theatres in the West End include; the Piccadilly theatre, the Prince of Wales theatre, the Apollo Victoria theatre, the Palace Theatre and there are many more. Aquaria - Are attractions that people visit for the sea life creatures, they normally feature big tanks with a sea through glass window which the visitors can look through and to see what is in the tank. These are particularly popular with families, as they tend to feature lots of younger orientated activities alongside the animals. One of the most popular aquaria's in the UK is London Aquarium, it is one of Europe's biggest of it's kind and it features over 400 different types of species through over 50 displays. Another very popular aquarium in the UK is called "Blue Reef Aquarium", the first was in Newquay, but now they also have one in Portsmouth and Tynemouth. Zoo - A zoo is a place you would visit which has a public exhibition of animals. ...read more.

Conclusion

They provide their money to facilities like car parks, coaches, public toilets, museums, beaches, leisure centre's, library's, new infrastructure etc. Voluntary Sector This is the smallest of the sectors in the travel and tourism industry, it is where people / organisations carry out certain roles not for profit. The biggest organisations in this sector are probably charities, which raise money for a specific cause. There are also community centres which tend to be the voluntary sector and religious groups can be led by voluntary organisations. Trade Organisations ABTA - This stands for the Association of British Travel Agents, it is a company that was set up in 1950. It is now the biggest trade organisation in the UK and has around 1500 members. It is beneficial to its members as it provides financial support by protecting the holidays, should anything go wrong. IATA - Abbreviated is the International Air Traffic Association, it was formed around 60 years ago by a group of airlines, it now currently has around 240 members and holds 94% of scheduled air traffic. The benefits for its members are; that it simplifies the travel process, keeps costs down, passengers can reserve tickets by making one phone call, it allows airline to operate safely, securely and efficiently under laid out rules. CAA - Stands for the Civil Aviation Authority, it was established in 1972, and acts as an independent specialist regulator / provider of air traffic services. It is also the UK's largest of its type, and covers areas like economic regulation, airspace policy, safety regulation and consumer protection. AITO - Stand for the Association of International Tour Operators, it is an organisation that holds all of the UK's specialist tour operators, and it currently 150 members. It is similar to abta in the fact that it provides financial protection for all the holidays. ?? ?? ?? ?? Harry Hales Travel & Tourism - Unit 1 - 1 - ...read more.

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