• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An investigation into the Mozart Effect.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Unit 3 - Coursework An investigation into the Mozart Effect Introduction Background research Modern technology is increasing at an amazing rate, everyone is trying to keep up and have cutting edge equipment. This is very much important in school systems as well as other areas of life. With technology now being such a dominant factor in classrooms, teachers are doing all they can to incorporate technology into their teaching. This includes playing music during tests. Teachers may see this as a way to relax students and reduce anxiety, thus helping their test performance. There is research however, that states to achieve maximal scores on a test, studying should be done with the same cues present as during testing. For example, if the student listened to Mozart's 5th concerto whilst studying, he may recall the facts better during the exam if the same piece of music is played. According to the encoding specificity principle of memory, (Thompson & Tulving, 1970) the most effective retrieval cues at the time of recall are cues that contain information that was processed at the time the "to be remembered material" was studied. Therefore, for the music to help the student during testing, it should be played during studying also. This brings up the issue of whether or not studying with music effects test performance. Many students feel that studying with music helps. ...read more.

Middle

and then asked to turn the sheets back over. 5) The word lists will be collected and the blank sheets handed out. 6) The participants will now have 2 minutes to write down as many words as they can recall from the list. 7) After 2 minutes they will be stopped and the sheets collected. 8) The participants will be debriefed, "you have been part of an experiment to show the Mozart effect, which is the effect of classical music on learning ability. It has been shown in the past that classical music can temporarily boost brain activity and increase learning ability." Controls Extraneous variables Time of day - the time of day may affect the learning ability of some participants but to avoid this problem, both groups will take the test between 10 am and 11 pm Mood - Whether the participants are in a good or bad mood may affect their ability to learn the words. State of alertness - whether each participant has slept well the last night or is ill may affect their learning ability. Individual ability - the intelligence may vary between participants but as they all come from the same private school and year group there will probably be little difference. Time of day can be controlled, as can individual ability to some stage but not totally. Mood and state of alertness are beyond control. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were 15 participants in each group from a total year group of approximately 140 students, which means 21% of the target population was tested. However, ethnicities of samples are completely random hence its range can be vast or very limited. The participants, depending on who was in each class can be widely varied and include every ethnicity from our school, or be entirely English. It is completely random. It is probably possible to generalise beyond the target population to an extent. Therefore, it can be concluded that it can be generalised beyond the target population to all 16 - 17 year olds in Kings College School. Application to everyday life The results show that the findings do not agree with the majority of Rauscher's work. Applying this to everyday life would make little difference to learning since it does not affect it. However it is useful that students will know that it has no effect on their learning according to this experiment. It is a pity that the affects of music on spatial tasks do not transfer to learning tasks but perhaps the experiment would have different results in a different culture of circumstance, or maybe in students own homes music has a different affect on their learning due to the environment. Appendices * Word list for condition 1 and 2 : 1. Glove 2. Lead 3. Keys 4. Cup 5. Room 6. Coke 7. Snow 8. Tape 9. Pants 10. Beak 11. Lock 12. Rain 13. Meat 14. Nail 15. Town 16. School 17. Gun 18. Ball 19. Film 20. Badge Alex Harlock ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov's Concerto for Trombone, composed in 1878. The work is one that I ...

    This effect works, and it is certainly easier to perform in this manner due to the immense amount of air required to get through the section, but I am unsure as to whether the severity of the staccatos is required, especially as the articulation noted is very clear and does not state the requirement of the additional staccatos.

  2. A Comparative Analytical Commentary of Debussys Syrinx and Prlude l'Aprs-midi d'un Faune

    Scored for strings and woodwinds this tone poem also depicts the story of a dreaming faun. The similarities in the two pieces are stark. First of all, the main theme is again assigned to the flute: We immediately notice that this melody is chromatic in nature.

  1. Dj equipment

    It runs information on the progress of the coded vinyl track to a computer which corresponds it to a point on the digital file. This means digital files can be played as if they were on vinyl. .This is good as the same level of control when manipulating the track as on a vinyl system.

  2. Music Technology Sequencing Coursework Log

    Although this was accurate according to the score, it did not sound realistic, and therefore I went through each track and changed the onset time and duration of each of the notes by a few 'ticks', and in some cases significantly changed the duration of the note to make it sound less monotonous.

  1. French Flute Music between 1935 and 1955: Varèse, Messiaen and Jolivet

    That is they range from ppp to fff. It also calls upon the technique of flutter tonguing to be used to give the effect of a bird's trill. Both bars 3-8 and 46-53 have short extracts of music that circle around the same few pitches.

  2. The Evolution of The Classical Guitar

    309 Bone) The majority of the other remaining pieces from the Late Renaissance/Baroque era were not composed for the guitar but for other similar instruments such as the lute, keyboard, solo violin and solo cello. Composers included Back, Scarlatti and Leopold Weiss.

  1. Evaluate the account of club culture offered by Thornton.

    onto the crowd due to the flat hierarchies of class associated with the scene, unlike in other genres, such as rock where democracy is evident (Toynbee 2000). McKay (1996) Talks of the scene of the rave as being presented as the libertarian utopian space, packed with trans formative space.

  2. Blade runner - film review.

    The camera angle then changes to a headshot as you are looking up at Deckard from Zhora's perspective and he is pointing the gun at you. This camera shot makes you feel vulnerable, scared and defenseless which his exactly what Zhora is going through. She subsequently runs into the crowd.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work