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Abnormality - deviating from what is normal.

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Introduction

Psychology: Abnormality Homework a) The meaning of abnormality is 'deviating from what is normal', this sounds simple enough, but what do we classify as being normal. Statistical infrequency is one approach of trying to define normal and abnormality by using static's to identify certain behaviors within a population and does this correctly, but it does not however identify which behaviors within a population need treatment (undesirable). For example trait anxiety, someone with high trait anxiety would be advise to have some sort of treatment, however someone with low trait anxiety is 'hardly clinical abnormality' and could be desirable. So there would be seen to be a glitch in this definition of abnormality, as it does not define how behaviors maybe seen as desirable or undesirable. Furthermore against this definition of abnormality is that the static's only relate to one source of population and does not apply to any other age groups or cultures. ...read more.

Middle

Maladativeness- This behavior prevents the individual of making major life goals, for example creating a good relationship with another or unable to work efficiently. Vividness and unconventionality of behavior- This behavior is aimed at when an individual behaves differently in situations to those surrounding them. Unpredictability and loss of control- Abnormal individuals behavior is often uncontrollable. Observer discomfort-This is even the observer fells uncomfortable with another individuals behavior. This concept of behavior may differ between other cultures. Violation of moral and ideal standards-this behavior concerns the established moral standards within a population, but the majority of people may fail to maintain those standards. A major problem with this structure is that judgment has to be made by certain individuals, which becomes a problem with some behaviors such as schizophrenics that deny anything is wrong with them thus arguing against that they are abnormal. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are, however, many limitations, such as social deviancy as it sets a standard but in which serious abuse to human rights can occur as individuals can be wrongly seen as being abnormal, also social deviancy is not necessarily a bad thing as some people chosen to live a non-conformist lifestyle, and also Nazi Germany were as 'deviants' spoke out against the atrocities that were being committed. Nearly all the definitions of abnormality have faults in them, and that also goes for these two definitions. They seem to struggle in defining abnormality as a whole and leaves to many spaces in describing what is abnormality, it also seems to identify that it is individuals whether there the observers or not that decide whether an individual is abnormal, which is a major fault as it is in human nature for us to not be perfect so we can never always make perfect conclusions of someone's mental state. Daniel Nixey 12s ...read more.

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