• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1.) Examine the evidence and reasons to support belief in God based on religious experience. (18) ii.) Discuss the view that the evidence and reasons are not conclusive to support this belief.

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Religious Experience essay 1st December 1.) Examine the evidence and reasons to support belief in God based on religious experience. (18) ii.) Discuss the view that the evidence and reasons are not conclusive to support this belief. (12) Religious experience is an experience of a transcendent reality as it is a non-empirical encounter with the divine. There are two different forms of religious experience, a direct experience and the inner experience. Direct experiences are where the experient feels that he or she is in contact with God (mystical) and an indirect experience is when an individual feels an inner experience of God?s immanence in creation. Most commonly, theistic philosophers have preferred to discuss an argument from religious experience, an inductive and a posteriori argument based on the cumulative evidence of witness and testimonies. Religious experience is an important philosophical topic to examine in an increasing secular society, as the Oxford religious experience research unit found 30 ? 45% of the population of Britain has experienced a prescience or power beyond themselves. Therefore, exploring the roots of such claims is essential, as it will allow individuals to assess whether belief in God can be verified if based on religious experience. The argument for religious experience can be summarised as follows: P1 an experience of X indicates the reality of X. ...read more.


Although these may be weak arguments, they provide evidence to suggest an individual could believe in God. Swinburne writes about the ?sheer weight of testimony?. Furthermore, although many people have religious experiences, David Hay interviewed people and discovered many did not discuss their experiences for fear of being misunderstood. If this is the case, then many experiences have yet to be accounted for and this contributes to the cumulative argument. The corporate argument is similar to the cumulative argument, however it is large number of people experiencing God at the same time rather than individual experiences. For instance, the Toronto Blessing that started on the 10th January 1994. The effects were falling in the spirit, shaking, weeping and laughter. Conversation experiences could provide evidence for a belief in God. Each person has a number of ideas in their mind ranked by importance, which aim is of paramount importance at any one time depends on circumstances. A transformation is when one aim establishes a permanent priority. Professor Edwin D. Starbuck noted that all adolescents go through symptoms similar to a religious experience, caused by feelings incompleteness and imperfect. Therefore, adolescents who claim to have a religious experience could simply be shifting their feelings religion. Whereas William James noted that such discussions like this, prevent people from turning to religion and some are temporarily inhibited. ...read more.


If God is transcendent, then he must be beyond the argument because it cannot be expected to argue him into existence. If God cannot be proved, then he cannot be disproved. He remains a possibility. To conclude, using religious experience as evidence to believe in God is possible. Although those such as AJ Ayer have disregarded religious experience because of the question of validity, claiming God is a transcendent being who is beyond our experience, the definition of God can be searched for in the Judaeo Christian tradition, through prophets and Christ. There is a series of religious experiences beginning with the ingress/in breaking of God into human history through Christ and the prophets, but being continuously validated by congruous religious experience is not ?proof?. Instead, it is an accumulation of evidence, starting with the impossibility of disproving God and contributing to a mounting case of probability as one of the factors in congruous religious experience. The Jewish philosopher Martin Buber argues that God reveals himself to people on a personal level as they experience him through life and in the world. He wrote, in I and Thou, that everyday human relationships are of a simple level, which he calls ?I-it?. However, there are relationships that are much more meaningful and of a deeper level that he calls ?I-thou?. According to Buber, this is the relationship that humans have with God, who is the ?Eternal Thou? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Outline the cosmological argument for the existance of God. and plan.

    It then says that either the universe was created or simply came into being. Its reasoning for suspecting God as a personal creator is that it could not have been natural, as nature did not exist 'ex nihilo' (out of nothing.)

  2. With Reference to other aspects of Human Experience explore the claim that there will ...

    his daughter's killers and pleaded with Loyalists, not to avenge her death. A reminder of the troublesome times in Ireland is the song "There Were Roses" written by Tommy Sands, "But centuries of hatred have ears that cannot hear. An eye for an eye was all that filled their minds",

  1. Examine the main ideas and strengths of the design argument for the existence of ...

    Support from science is a high advantage because it shows the implications of evolution in a reliable way. In contrast there is Richard Swinburne who argues that a fact needs to be explained by both materialism and theism to show that the world is orderly.

  2. Identify and explain two characteristics of religious Fundamentalism

    Nawal El Saadawi writes from the female perspective in the Arab world, she considers religion important in creating and perpetuating oppression. El Saadawi argues that Arab girls are often victims of sexual aggression, especially by men, for example her own experience where as a young girl she was forced to undergo 'female circumcision' where part of her clitoris was amputated.

  1. Examine the role of 10th and 9th century prophecy according to the prophets you ...

    Like the latter prophets Elijah had fought for ethical monotheism, which is the rights and wrongs according to one God.

  2. What are the moral and religious differences, if any, between euthanasia and suicide? Why ...

    Her decision can also be defined as taking an easy way out. Nevertheless her decision is still morally considered to be right by the Voluntary Euthanasia Society of Scotland19 This particular group believes that everybody should have ultimate control over their own lives.

  1. With reference to other aspects of human experience, comment on the view that monastic ...

    For many today, the idea of chastity is an outdated concept and is problematic for the future of the priesthood in the Catholic Church. This would lead me to believe that in regard to this aspect of monastic life, monastic spirituality could very easily be perceived as outdated in the 21st Century.

  2. Gods omniscience and omnibenevolence are compatible. Discuss.

    We should accept that God works in mysterious ways. It may not seem loving, but Descartes argues this is only looking at one isolated part of the universe. God?s decision to not make us with perfect judgement may seem unloving when considered on its own, but this decision may play the appropriate part in the larger context of a perfect universe.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work