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Analyse the important features of Natural Moral Law

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Introduction

´╗┐Analyse the important features of Natural Moral Law (18) Natural Moral Law was established by Aristotle in his book ?Nicomachean Ethics? and further developed by St Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. Natural Law defines good as doing what is natural. This is an example of moral realism which explains that what you see is what is real. It is a deontological ethical theory focussed on the actions themselves, rather than the consequences of that action. Natural Law?s basic premise is to do good and avoid evil. This is believed to be innate within human beings and humans are able to execute this through their ability to reason. Also, some people may recognize that everything has a purpose and look to the natural world to see this. Therefore God is revealed to us through the natural world and its design. For a Christian, the Bible offers a greater understanding of this purpose, for example in Romans, St Pauls says ?ever since the creation of the world, his invisible nature... ...read more.

Middle

The first main premise of Natural Law is the idea to do good and avoid evil. Under this come Aquinas? primary precepts with one example being self-preservation and also to continue the species through reproduction. This stresses that pro-life is natural and therefore good. However this is against homosexuality as homosexual partners do not have the potential to create life. It can be argued that according to Natural Law, homosexuality is wrong. Some of his secondary precepts include the doctrine to not murder or commit suicide as this breaks Natural Law because it goes against self-preservation and in addition, it can be suggested that only God has the power to take your life. Furthermore our ability to reason and the word of God (the Bible) are predominant factors in Natural Moral Law. Our reason determines that the ultimate purpose and destiny of human life is fellowship with God. ...read more.

Conclusion

It should only be done because it?s the right thing to do. However, on the other hand not all good intentions lead to good actions. One example being, if money is stolen to give to a friend, the theft isn?t made good by the intention. The only end that is valued is God. Physical pleasures cannot be the end as animals can experience them too. Aquinas believes that acts are intrinsically good or bad because when humans act in accordance with their ultimate purpose, God is glorified. Overall, Natural Moral Law shows humans how to live their lives as they are experiencing God through nature. However, it can be argued that Natural Law is unnecessary for a Christian as they already have the Bible and Jesus as a basic guideline of how to live life. Nevertheless, Natural Moral Law is still important in gaining a better understanding to living morally and is open to anyone in any religion or culture. To what extent is the theory persuasive? ...read more.

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