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Assess whether there is a solution to the problem of evil

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Introduction

[c] Assess whether there is a solution to the problem of evil. Thomas Aquinas admits that the problem of evil is one of the major challenges to the existence of God. The problems mainly are due to incoherence in Gods definition of being a perfect being and issues with the teleological argument for the existence of God. The first problem of evil is known as logical or aporetical. It picks at elements defined within the word God and plays upon any incoherence's. It says God is Omnibenelovent and thus wants the best for mankind. God is Omnipotent and can therefore provide this for mankind. However there is evil in the world of Natural and Moral origin. This means there is a contradiction between the statements God is Omnipotent or Omnibenelovent. Either way God is not God in the definition of the term. The thrust of the argument is to show that God and Evil cannot exist together. The Second argument of evil is known as the evidential problem. There is considerable evidence of Evil in this world; we see it every day and in major disasters such as Tsunamis or even wars. ...read more.

Middle

The basic idea is similar to the Irenaean that the trials and tribulations of life exist to help us develop from immaturity to maturity. Hick suggests that it is a mistake if Gods concern for us as his creation would be to make the world as cosey and comfortable. For example if a mother concerns and looks after their child so he only experience pleasure and no difficulties the child would never become ethically mature or posses moral integrity. According to Hick, God has arranged the world in such a way that humans can develop through overcoming obstacles and frustrations. He says their "Souls can grow and they can move towards God". This argument like Pikes cannot account for many instances of Evil, it does not account for Dysteleological acts. Acts of evil that serve no purpose, which are wholly destructive and produce no benefits to anyone. For example, an individual who is without contact to a community whose existence is unknown by any other human, is killed by a falling tree in a forest. This serves no purpose and nothing is developed or gained from this happening. Hick accepts that Dysteleological suffering remains a mystery. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even if though they are free to sin, they never actually would do so. If they did fall, there must be a flaw in their character, a flaw that God created. God must therefore share some part of the blame and God is still ultimately responsible for the creation of Evil. Alvin Platinga suggests an argument for God he calls the "Free Will Defense". It does not try to prove that either God or Evil exist or don't exist, but attempts to show that evil and god are both logically possible. He does this because if Evil and God are not contradictory and can logically exist together then the problem of evil is abolished. He suggests to be genuine human beings we must be free to make our own choices. God is omnipotent and has power to stop us doing evil but if he did so he would be taking away our freedom to choose making us glorified robots. Inevitably, some make incorrect choices and in an objective environment it may produce a result of pain and suffering. God feels it is better to have freedom with pain and suffering rather than Robotic Utopia. ...read more.

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