• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess whether there is a solution to the problem of evil

Extracts from this document...


[c] Assess whether there is a solution to the problem of evil. Thomas Aquinas admits that the problem of evil is one of the major challenges to the existence of God. The problems mainly are due to incoherence in Gods definition of being a perfect being and issues with the teleological argument for the existence of God. The first problem of evil is known as logical or aporetical. It picks at elements defined within the word God and plays upon any incoherence's. It says God is Omnibenelovent and thus wants the best for mankind. God is Omnipotent and can therefore provide this for mankind. However there is evil in the world of Natural and Moral origin. This means there is a contradiction between the statements God is Omnipotent or Omnibenelovent. Either way God is not God in the definition of the term. The thrust of the argument is to show that God and Evil cannot exist together. The Second argument of evil is known as the evidential problem. There is considerable evidence of Evil in this world; we see it every day and in major disasters such as Tsunamis or even wars. ...read more.


The basic idea is similar to the Irenaean that the trials and tribulations of life exist to help us develop from immaturity to maturity. Hick suggests that it is a mistake if Gods concern for us as his creation would be to make the world as cosey and comfortable. For example if a mother concerns and looks after their child so he only experience pleasure and no difficulties the child would never become ethically mature or posses moral integrity. According to Hick, God has arranged the world in such a way that humans can develop through overcoming obstacles and frustrations. He says their "Souls can grow and they can move towards God". This argument like Pikes cannot account for many instances of Evil, it does not account for Dysteleological acts. Acts of evil that serve no purpose, which are wholly destructive and produce no benefits to anyone. For example, an individual who is without contact to a community whose existence is unknown by any other human, is killed by a falling tree in a forest. This serves no purpose and nothing is developed or gained from this happening. Hick accepts that Dysteleological suffering remains a mystery. ...read more.


Even if though they are free to sin, they never actually would do so. If they did fall, there must be a flaw in their character, a flaw that God created. God must therefore share some part of the blame and God is still ultimately responsible for the creation of Evil. Alvin Platinga suggests an argument for God he calls the "Free Will Defense". It does not try to prove that either God or Evil exist or don't exist, but attempts to show that evil and god are both logically possible. He does this because if Evil and God are not contradictory and can logically exist together then the problem of evil is abolished. He suggests to be genuine human beings we must be free to make our own choices. God is omnipotent and has power to stop us doing evil but if he did so he would be taking away our freedom to choose making us glorified robots. Inevitably, some make incorrect choices and in an objective environment it may produce a result of pain and suffering. God feels it is better to have freedom with pain and suffering rather than Robotic Utopia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Explain the problem of evil (25 marks). Are the theodicies attempts to ...

    Augustine's theodicy places all blame for evil in the world (both natural and moral) , as being caused by the freely chosen acts of God's creatures , herein lies the freewill defence.

  2. we do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically

    All human choices are, thus, the result of prior causes. This can be problematic as it leads us to view human beings as perfectly controlled machines. It rules out the possibility of us having reason and acting according to it.

  1. We do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically Discuss

    we are not morally responsible for that crime, as it was not our decision to commit it, it was just the result of a preceding action. One way in which we can explain hard determinism is by looking at the case of Mary Bell (1968), Mary Bell was 10 years

  2. problem of evil

    According to Augustine, the perfect God created a flawless world where evil and suffering did not exist, and that God is not responsible for the existence of evil as it is not a substance, but in fact a deprivation of good.

  1. Can the problem of evil be solved

    Therefore in Gods eyes what looks evil to our limited perspective is necessary to the overall beauty of the world. If Augustine's theodicy is correct then it solves the problem of evil both moral and natural however there are many weaknesses and criticisms of Augustine's ideas.

  2. A Rhetorical Analysis of: Evil is as Evil Does By Leonard Pitts.

    He uses logos to invent pathos for the attacks in order to draw out the emotions of the readers. For instance, he aggressively attacks those who are trying to figure out what we might have done to deserve what happened.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work