• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Benthams version of Utilitarianism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain Bentham's version of Utilitarianism By Marc Bye Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its contribution to overall utility: that is, its contribution to happiness or pleasure as summed among all persons. It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome: put simply, the ends justify the means. ...read more.

Middle

It can be contrasted with deontological ethics (which do not regard the consequences of an act as the sole determinant of its moral worth). Bentham can be known as a hedonist, a follower of the philosophy that pleasure is of ultimate importance, the most important pursuit. The name derives from the Greek word for "delight" (hedone). But he wished to categorise this scientifically using what he called Hedonic calculus to quantify the quality of his pleasure using several factors, these were (in reference to pleasure): 1. Intensity 2. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also purely physical and not spiritual as spiritual cannot be scientifically measured as Bentham would need for his calculus. This leads to several criticisms of his need to quantify something which is clearly qualitive and the way that spiritual is better than physical as it allows us to transcend regular animals and is often called a pig philosophy. Some say that we cannot judge each action objectively and so lay down rules this is called rule utilitarianism and gives the idea that in a general situation doing such an action will provide the "greater good". ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how Benthams version of Utilitarianism can be used to decide the best course ...

    3 star(s)

    Should pepperoni be ordered, only one person suffers. The application of the 'greatest happiness for the greatest number' principle works perfectly here, as it is clear how it would be better overall to follow Bentham's course of action, as the alternative causes greater unhappiness.

  2. Explain how Benthams version of Utilitarianism may be used to decide the right cause ...

    It is a principle that aims to bring people happiness this is very appealing for many in societies. Many of the ideas and theories can be related to specific actions and situations and therefore can be helped out in the process of considering what to do in certain places, for

  1. Introduction to Philosophy.

    > He also makes a difference between Sense - perception and Ideas/ essences. Conclusion: > Appearances are only the truth of opinion and so we can't relay only on our senses. But the mind has the ability to TRANSCEND, meaning reach the world of ideas AND essence and think about what our senses show us.

  2. Why has J.S. Mill´s version of Utilitarianism proved to be more acceptable than Bentham´.

    Also he begins by stating the obvious that individuals desire their own happiness but concludes that everyone�s happiness is desirable to everyone else. More correctly it should read "desirable to the individual" and then the argument cease to work. However Mill did not succeed in abolishing all the shortcomings of Bentham�s theory.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work