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Key Features of the Teleological Arguement

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Introduction

Describe the key features of the teleological argument. The argument of design concerning the existence of God is also known as the teleological argument. The name of this argument derived from a greek word "telos" , which means "end" or "purpose". The design argument is a "pisteriori "argument. The teleological argument is based on the observation of the things we see in our world today have been designed by a designer for a particular purpose. This theory originated from both Thomas Aquinas and Plato. Aquinas proposed an argument called the five ways. In this argument he identified the way in which " Natural bodies" act in a regular fashion. This proves evidence of an intelligent human being such as God. William Paley also used this teleological argument as a way of proving his analogy of the watch. A key feature would be the fact that many analogies are used to help us to understand the teleological argument. For example Paleys watch. ...read more.

Middle

Great design implies a great designer ? There is great design i8n the world ? So there must be a great designer. Hume's second argument is as followed: ? The world is ordered. ? This is either due to chance or because of design ? It is entirely possible that the world did come about through chance. God is described as that of an architect whose design of the universe performs in a mechanic fashion and that there is order and appearance of design in the universe. Cleanthes' analogy is to that of human intervention. If intelligent humans create machines then the analogy holds that which has design and order in the universe must also have an intelligent creator. Arthur Brown has supported the argument for design based as astronomy. Brown pointed to the ozone layer as evidence of design. He argued that the ozone layer had a purpose to filter out ultra violet (UV) rays in order to protect the lives on earth and it could not have happened by chance as the Big Bang describes everything came here by chance. ...read more.

Conclusion

He agreed and accepted the anthropic principle. Swinburne however, made two conclusions; the universe is governed by law and he believed that the order is a product of regularity of co-presence. Everything works together in an orderly fashion. Swinburne also believed that Paley focused on the mechanics of nature which reflects the regulations of co-presence. He concluded that either the universe reflects all the examples of design due to random chance ? Oe the universe is a product of design from a createful and almighty designer such as God. In conclusion, if the universe contains elements of the design process then for this to be possible there must be a designer who designed it. Many doubt this theory as they use scientific explanations to prove this such as the big bang theory where they suggest everything was created due to scientific chance. All of the theorists suggest a greater beings (God) presence and work in the world. John Polkinghorne was a physicist and priest. He believed that the universe is not fixed and instead God is constantly interacting with his creation. Polkinghorne also believed that God was the explanation for the design of the universe. He continued act through his creation. ...read more.

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