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Outline and explain two criticisms of the teleological argument

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Outline and explain two criticisms of the teleological argument The word teleology comes from the Greek word telos which means 'an account of' and originally meant the final ends, but now takes the meaning that everything has a purpose and a goal. The teleological argument attempts to establish the existence of God relevant to the observations of order and purpose in the universe, the teleological argument is also referred to as the argument from design as it takes the view point that there is evidence for the God, the designer. Although as Antony Flew had discovered that really it is an argument to design where as an argument from design infers that it argues from the premise that the world had been designed which petition principi, assumes what it is trying to prove. William Paley's argument from analogy begins with him imagining himself kicking a stone whilst walking, and then later finding a watch; he asks the same question of 'how did that object come to be here?'. ...read more.


Paley then notes the complexity of the watch and compares it to the natural world and realises that everything in the natural world indicates that there is a design, such as the human design. Paley then concludes that the universe which is like the watch had been designed, but by a wondrous universe maker, God. David Hume states that we can only recognise that there is a designer of certain objects such as machines as we have an experience of the object being designed and created. Like the watch we have experience of the creation with clogs and all the necessary parts of a watch that we have come to know that they require a designer, but if we had never had any experience of the creation or design of the watch, we would not know that there is a designer. Hume relates this to the universe; he states that as we have not had any experience of the creation of the universe, it is spurious to say that there ...read more.


human or a blade of grass than something that an organic object has created as the visible function and purpose of the universe is due more to 'generation or vegetation than to reason or design'. As a vegetable does not have a designer, and its organisation seems to just grow as a natural process we are not able to suppose that the universe is designed; the universe could possibly have just grown. This seems absurd, but it is how Hume conveys that it is ridiculous to compare the universe to a machine. The analogous argument is flawed as for it to be reliable the two things that are to be compared need to be similar in relevant ways. Paley falls at this point as he attempts to compare two things, one which is a man-made object and the universe which are totally dissimilar and therefore Paley cannot conclude that on the basis of analogy with a machine that the universe has a designer. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Horner LVISJW ...read more.

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