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Outline the Cosmological Argument-

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Introduction

Outline the Cosmological Argument- The Cosmological argument is an a posteriori argument; this means the argument is based on experience. The Cosmological argument's first premise is that the universe exists we all experience it. Cosmological is the name given to a group of arguments for the existence of God based on the fact that the universe exists. This belief has been suggested by Plato and Aristotle, developed by Aquinas, supported strongly by Leibniz and Samuel Clarke and most recently by Copleston. The Cosmological argument is often expressed in three sections: The Kalam Argument, the Thomistic Argument and the Argument from Contingency. The Kalam Argument suggests a beginning in time; Aquinas disregarded the idea that the universe had existed infinitely. , The idea that history is infinite causes philosophical problems. If we say history is infinite then we have to say that infinitude has happened but that time still passes and so infinity is being added to. Modern science finds evidence for the Big Bang. The universe began with the primeval nucleus, which exploded, traces of radiation were found from this explosion in the mid 20th century. ...read more.

Middle

But if everything has a cause so must God, this is answered with Aquinas' idea of the first cause the uncaused causer. Infinite regression is not comprehendible, and so a chain of causes must have its origins in a first cause something that does not rely on every thing else in the universe. The Big Bang supports the idea that the universe had a beginning. The idea of person relative proof can be applied to the argument, if a person is willing to define God as a necessary being who is the cause of the existence of contingent beings then the argument is successful, as a proof for Gods existence. The Cosmological argument relies on the acceptance of certain principle is a person can accept these ideas then the argument works. Is the argument convincing does it convince people that God exists? It may convince some people. Some people experience cosmic wonder, an experience of the contingency of things including their own existence. If a person accepts these experiences as meaningful they may well ask why is the universe here? And expects an answer. ...read more.

Conclusion

The argument does not lead to the understanding of God as an omnipotent, omniscient, omni loving and moral authority. David Hume adds to the criticisms of the argument, he applies many of the ideas from the critique of the teleological argument for example he asks if one God why not many Gods how do we prove that this just one God. The success of the Cosmological argument depends first of all willingness to ask the question, why is there a universe? If you are content to simply accept that the universe is there and does not need explanation, or that it can be explained by infinite regress, then the Cosmological argument fails. But if the person is able to accept the ideas like sufficient reason which some have disregarded, then they could accept the Cosmological argument, it could convince them of the existence of God. It could be suggested that an argument that leads to a creator is useful as part of the traditional understanding of God. The success of the Cosmological argument depends on the persons approach for some it will be convincing or add to a faith and for other it will fail to answer the questions they have and will ultimately fail. ...read more.

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