• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the Cosmological Argument-

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the Cosmological Argument- The Cosmological argument is an a posteriori argument; this means the argument is based on experience. The Cosmological argument's first premise is that the universe exists we all experience it. Cosmological is the name given to a group of arguments for the existence of God based on the fact that the universe exists. This belief has been suggested by Plato and Aristotle, developed by Aquinas, supported strongly by Leibniz and Samuel Clarke and most recently by Copleston. The Cosmological argument is often expressed in three sections: The Kalam Argument, the Thomistic Argument and the Argument from Contingency. The Kalam Argument suggests a beginning in time; Aquinas disregarded the idea that the universe had existed infinitely. , The idea that history is infinite causes philosophical problems. If we say history is infinite then we have to say that infinitude has happened but that time still passes and so infinity is being added to. Modern science finds evidence for the Big Bang. The universe began with the primeval nucleus, which exploded, traces of radiation were found from this explosion in the mid 20th century. ...read more.

Middle

But if everything has a cause so must God, this is answered with Aquinas' idea of the first cause the uncaused causer. Infinite regression is not comprehendible, and so a chain of causes must have its origins in a first cause something that does not rely on every thing else in the universe. The Big Bang supports the idea that the universe had a beginning. The idea of person relative proof can be applied to the argument, if a person is willing to define God as a necessary being who is the cause of the existence of contingent beings then the argument is successful, as a proof for Gods existence. The Cosmological argument relies on the acceptance of certain principle is a person can accept these ideas then the argument works. Is the argument convincing does it convince people that God exists? It may convince some people. Some people experience cosmic wonder, an experience of the contingency of things including their own existence. If a person accepts these experiences as meaningful they may well ask why is the universe here? And expects an answer. ...read more.

Conclusion

The argument does not lead to the understanding of God as an omnipotent, omniscient, omni loving and moral authority. David Hume adds to the criticisms of the argument, he applies many of the ideas from the critique of the teleological argument for example he asks if one God why not many Gods how do we prove that this just one God. The success of the Cosmological argument depends first of all willingness to ask the question, why is there a universe? If you are content to simply accept that the universe is there and does not need explanation, or that it can be explained by infinite regress, then the Cosmological argument fails. But if the person is able to accept the ideas like sufficient reason which some have disregarded, then they could accept the Cosmological argument, it could convince them of the existence of God. It could be suggested that an argument that leads to a creator is useful as part of the traditional understanding of God. The success of the Cosmological argument depends on the persons approach for some it will be convincing or add to a faith and for other it will fail to answer the questions they have and will ultimately fail. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    the sense that all the members of the collection are present at once) are impossible. The story of Hilbert's Hotel shows that there is no logical problem with an infinite collection of actual objects.26 The only possible remaining worry is that there may be some problem with the notion of an infinite past.

  2. Examine the main strengths and weakness of the Cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    though we observe a conjunction of events, they are in fact two separate events occurring at separate times. He argued that it is just the habit of the mind to make a connection between two events- a process called induction.

  1. In what ways may suffering create philosophical problems for religious believers? Outline two solutions ...

    Hell is portrayed by Augustine as part of God's design of the universe, which means He must already have anticipated that the world would go wrong and have accepted that this would happen. This raises various problems that if God knew His world was going to go wrong, can we still regard His creation as perfect?

  2. Cosmological argument

    a world with flaws in order to produce the best environment in which we could grow morally and spiritually, after all there does seem to be some proof for this occurring in the world as people who go through struggles often claim a new sense of self and moral awareness

  1. Plato and Nietzsche on Authority

    'liberty' leads to a lack of self-discipline. He doesn't believe in 'equality' as some humans are superior. Nietzsche has a similar idea - he mentions that "Every enhancement in the type "man" up to this point has been the work of an aristocratic society", which shows that he believes that an 'aristocratic' society will further man's development.

  2. moral argument

    For example, if someone walked into your house and left with your TV, you would expect everyone to agree with you that there exists a principle for all people to not take things which aren't theirs. If someone disagreed with you, you would think they were very strange, or indeed crazy - that something is seriously wrong with them.

  1. Assess whether the cosmological argument proves the existence of God.

    If this is right, then Aquinas? argument is undermined as he is wrong to claim that a first cause started the chain and the cosmological argument fails. Aquinas presents a further version of the cosmological argument; the argument from contingency.

  2. The Cosmological Argument

    Space and time originate from within the universe and so the cause must be beyond space and time, and thus scientific explanation. Therefore the cause is personal, not physical. Aquinas? third way, from necessity and contingency states that everything is dependent upon factors outside of itself, thus they are contingent and have the possibility to not-be rather than be.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work