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The life of Muhammad.

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Introduction

The life of Muhammad Islam The word Islam means surrender, obedience or peace. Followers of Islam believe Islam to be the only way to gain peace of heart and mind and in society as a whole. The holy book of Islam is the Qur'an. The Qur'an is said to be the word of God as said by the prophet Muhammad. The main belief of Islam is Tawhid. This is the belief in an oneness or unity of God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Makkah and the Ka'bah Makkah was the capital city of Arabia and was famous for the Ka'bah. The Ka'bah is a large black cube in the centre of Makkah. The legend behind the Ka'bah is that Adam built it and therefore it became the first house of God on Earth. In pre Islamic Arabia the Ka'bah contained over 360 altars, statues and cult objects of various gods. The idols which it contained included meteor rocks and slabs of rock or pillars. Many of these idols were considered to be a point of worship or the focal point of a god's energy. Many of the statues were symbolic for example many statues were pyramids which represent the sun breaking through the clouds or power and blessing. The most important god that was worshipped in the Ka'bah was Allah or strong and most powerful one. He was said to have had three daughters Al-lat who was the goddess of sun and life, al-uzza who was the god of love and Manat who was the goddess of fate and fortune. The Quirash The Quirash was the most important tribe in Makkah and consisted of merchants who organized and gave protection to vast numbers of traders who came to worship in Makkah. ...read more.

Middle

Muhammad did not talk openly about his experience on the night of power. Muhammad did not receive any more revelations for another two years, the prophet's faith was being tested. He became fearful of what this meant, but then an angel appeared. The angel told him that he was to go out into public and proclaim the messages he was receiving. From that day on he continued to receive messages. Growing opposition in Makkah As soon as Muhammad got told by Allah to spread the message, he did so immediately. It was hard trying to get people to believe that there was only one God and that life after death was real. It was especially hard for Muhammad to go out into Makkah and preach openly, everybody was amazed. Crowds gathered but nobody took him seriously and they ridiculed him. The prophets own tribe was in charge of the Ka'bah and they thought that their profit was in danger. They never hurt Muhammad but they threatened him on many occasions. The people of the Quirash called Muhammad a traitor, a sorcerer, they said that he was insulting God and that he was splitting up families, but these threats had no affect on Muhammad. Some people in Makkah became Muslim, but others were totally opposed to the idea. One slave called Bilal was left in the desert with a heavy rock on his chest. But the Muslims bravery converted others to the religion. In 622 CE the news of Muhammad's teachings had reach another city called Madinah and the Madinahns were so impressed that they invited Muhammad to go and teach in their city. The Hijrah When a large number of the Makkahn Muslims migrated to Abyssinia, the leaders of paganism sent an ultimatum to the tribe of the Prophet, demanding that he should be outlawed and delivered to the pagans and put to death. ...read more.

Conclusion

O People, no prophet or messenger will come after me and no new faith will be. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I am leaving you with the Book of God and my Sunnah, if you follow them you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness O God, that I have conveyed your message to your people." The prophet's final sermon. In his final sermon Muhammad summarized the heart of Islam: * Belief in One God without images or symbols * Equality of all the believers without divisions of race or class * Sanctity of life, property and honor * Elimination of interest, and of vendettas and private justice * Better treatment of women * Compulsory inheritance and distribution of the property of deceased persons among near relatives of both sexes, and removal of the possibility of the accumulation of wealth in the hands of the few. Death On his return to Madinah, he fell ill; and a few weeks later, when he took his last breath, he had the satisfaction that he had accomplished the task which he had set out to do - to preach to the world the message of Allah. He created a well-disciplined State out of the chaos that was already there and gave peace in a place of the war; between the mosque and the castle; he left a new system of law, which gave out impartial justice. Above all, the Prophet Muhammad set a noble example and fully practiced all that he taught to others. www.spiritonline.com www.islamicity.com Islam by Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Islam by Sue Penney ...read more.

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