• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the key ideas of the Cosmological argument for the creation of God?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The cosmological argument. a) What are the key ideas of the Cosmological argument for the creation of God? There are three key ideas in the cosmological argument each view is written by a different philosopher and has a different view of the reasons for existence. Lets have a look at the different views. Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest theologians the world had ever seen. He believed that Aristotle's philosophy was a better foundation of Christianity than Plato's theories were. Aquinas believed that to prove gods existence people only had to look at the world around them, the world couldn't exist, as it is if there wasn't an ultimate force behind it all; this force is called god. Aquinas had three main ways of proving divine existence. The fist way is the argument from the fact of change to a prime mover; everything in the world is in motion and so had to have been moved by something, nothing can move by itself without something else exerting a force on it. There must have been something which exerted the force in the first moving thing and which wasn't moved by anything else. ...read more.

Middle

He argues that everything in the universe has an explanation for its existence. Everything must have a reason for being as it is. For example my phone is missing the 8 button because after I lost it I never stuck it back on. I didn't stick it back on because I don't have any glue, I don't have any glue because I don't have any in the house. This could go on forever but there must be an ultimate cause for everything, an underlying cause for everything's existence. This explanation is god. This must exist outside the universe itself otherwise the reason itself would be part of the cycle of reasons which needs explaining. The third argument is known as the Kalam argument as way put forward by two Muslim philosophers called al-Kindi and al-Ghazali. The argument has three steps to it. The first is that everything that exists has a cause; the second is that the universe began to exist; therefore the third is that the universe has a cause. This chain is a chain that cannot carry on forever. ...read more.

Conclusion

Does that not make us think that maybe we are necessary beings as too? The role of god in the cosmological argument can also be replaced with the big bang. Many theologians may say that god caused the big bang but before the big bang there was nothing, not even time. God could not have existed in a place where there is no time or space. There is more evidence for the big bang then there is for any of the cosmological argument. If the big bang had happened then there would still be radiation form it that would be detectable, Scientists called Penzias and Wilson detected this noise in 1965. They heard some background noise through their antennas and after a bit on investigation they found out that what they were hearing was actually cosmic background radiation from the big bang. With the big bang theory proved the cosmological theory would be blown out the window. Looking at these weaknesses I actually think that the weaknesses outweigh the strengths due to the evidence for each side. My main reason for this is the evidence for the big bang and the proof that scientists have for the event. If this event happened then none of the other cosmological arguments can be true. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Examine the main strengths and weakness of the Cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    the previous domino which would cause itself to fall, yet evidently the dominos are in motion . He then goes on to state that this chain of motion cannot be infinite, otherwise it could not have a first mover and subsequently no other mover.

  2. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    the principle of sufficient reason, it would need a self-explaining necessary being, standing outside the series, to explain the order of the hierarchy.18 Deductively, that self-explaining necessary being would be that which humans understand to be God. Hence, the definition of "God" that Aquinas arrives at is this: The self-explaining

  1. Explain the cosmological argument for existence of God

    Hume believed that all knowledge comes from experience, and thus the experiences we have had are not adequate for us to know if G-d created the universe. Hume's views are also supported by Russell, who argued that just because we see individual things as having a cause; it doesn't mean that the universe also has a cause.

  2. Examine the strength of the cosmological argument for the existence of god

    Things such as miracles and religious experience are explained by the belief of God, as it seems easier to trust this was the result of God, rather than believe 'it just happened'. Another arguer for the cosmological argument is Kalam, he argues the favour for the beginning, in the universe

  1. Examine the strengths and weaknesses of - The Thomist Cosmological Argument of the Existence ...

    He therefore suggests that there can be no infinite regress, so the only explanation for the universe is an unmoved mover and uncaused cause, which he describes as God. Leibniz's principle strengthens Aquinas argument considerably by making it more conceivable and combating any criticisms.

  2. Assess whether the cosmological argument proves the existence of God.

    Modern science poses a formidable challenge to cosmological arguments, as the Big Bang theory, formulates a reasonable course of action, whereby all matter was concentrated at a single point and then it exploded and is still expanding. This greatly opposes the idea of God being the creator and the efficient cause, removing the need for God.

  1. Comapring Aristotle's Prime Mover and the Judeo-Christian God

    Augustinian theodicy is the idea that because we are all born with sin (original sin) God made the world imperfect to punish us. Irenaean theodicy is the idea that evil is put in the world by God to strengthen us and make us moral because we have to choose between

  2. Examine the key ideas and strengths of the design argument for the existence of ...

    William Paley suggests that if you were walking in the dessert and saw a stone you would think nothing of it but later if you see a watch and examine it, you would see the workings are very complicated and there must have been an intelligent designer (watchmaker)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work