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Crop and Animal Biotechnology - Ethics and Morality.

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Introduction

Crop and Animal Biotechnology - Ethics and Morality Genetic engineering is the artificial alteration of the genetic code. Genes are sections of the DNA, which control the traits of an individual, such as eye colour, and are different for every person. With natural breeding, genes are passed down generations, but with new technology scientists are able to identify an individual gene, and insert it into another organism, which will then carry the trait of that gene. This organism is transgenic, meaning its DNA has been altered. ...read more.

Middle

Genetic engineering seems like progression, nevertheless, there are various disadvantages. One concern is the ethics of genetic engineering. People may disagree with it because it is unnatural. It seems, to some people, like the scientists are just 'playing God'. People may also say that it is unethical to clone, as life is not something that should be interfered with. Another problem with genetic engineering is that there could be unexpected consequences. The long-term effects are unknown, therefore, it may be unsafe. After looking at these disadvantages, people may say that it is better off to use natural methods such as selective breeding and human donors for transplants. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe that the advantages of genetic engineering do not outweigh the disadvantages. From the facts I have looked at, I can conclude that the risks form a stronger argument than the benefits. However, I do think that genetic engineering is acceptable to a certain extent, such as cloning an organ for donation or using animals for the production of human insulin, but not cloning an entire person. I believe that the study of genetics is acceptable, because scientists should improve their knowledge of the human body and crops. However, I think that as their knowledge improves on the subject, use of animal and crop biotechnology will be unavoidable, but we will benefit from the long-term effects. ...read more.

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