• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Diabetes is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the bodys cells, and damaging the sufferers health. Discuss this illness.

Extracts from this document...


Dr Bryant Diabetes Diabetes is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the body's cells, and damaging the sufferer's health. The high sugar level in the blood is a condition known as hyperglycemia. Diabetes develops either because the body's pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin hormones to metabolise glucose, or because the insulin fails to work properly. When blood glucose rises above a certain level, it leaks into the urine. The condition, sometimes hereditary, affects roughly 3% cent of men and 2% cent of women in the world, half of which may not have been diagnosed with the condition. ...read more.


Moderately raised blood glucose levels can eventually cause kidney failure; damage to vision from ruptured blood vessels in the eyes; and restricted blood flows to the limbs, which may lead to gangrene and amputated limbs. Diabetes is also associated with a risk of heart disease that is two to three times higher in men, and four to five times higher in women before the menopause. The risk of a stroke is increased greatly. Untreated, the diabetes can lead to coma and death, which was the usual outcome before the discovery of insulin in 1921. Fifty years ago, about 30% of pregnancies among women with diabetes ended in stillbirth or death of the child within weeks of birth, as well as a high percentage of problems with the child. ...read more.


Diet involves ensuring that meals and snacks are so timed that the body's insulin levels don't become excessive. Hypoglycemia produces a low blood glucose level, leading to eventual collapse and possibly coma. It is vital for such patients to swallow some form of sugar quickly following symptoms of sweating, confusion or faintness. The opposite condition, hyperglycemia, occurs when there is an excess of glucose in the blood because of lack of insulin treatment. Unless quickly treated in hospital, hyperglycemia may lead to coma and death. Generally, insulin is self-administered by patients by injection, or with automatic drug injectors attached to the body. Small pen-sized injectors containing a cartridge of insulin can be carried in the pocket for ease and speed of treatment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What is Type 1 diabetes

    3 star(s)

    However, up to a year after the diagnosis is made, the child may need only a small dose of insulin. This is referred to as 'the honeymoon period'. The child's parents should administer insulin injections until he or she is old enough to learn how to do it.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Effect of Caffeine on the Heart Rate of Daphnia

    3 star(s)

    As the concentration of caffeine increases, heart rate of Daphnia increases for caffeine concentration up to 0.3% because caffeine is a stimulant which raises the heart rate of animals. Assumption that a likewise effect would result in human can be made.

  1. The formation of urine.

    Patients must have regular serum sodium measurements to ensure that the water restriction has been effective. Some patients may require a diuretic such as furosemide if further treatment is needed. The most concerning potential side effect from treatment is dehydration.

  2. Who should be eligible to receive IVF Treatment?

    the baby having downs syndrome than those who are below this age. Even more I don't think single women who are at an elder age should be eligible for IVF treatment, because they have many downfalls as they may not be able to financially afford to pay for the treatment

  1. Diabetes Mellitus, common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose, or sugar, ...

    Today, the stillbirths figure is far lower and the perinatal mortality rate (total of stillbirths plus deaths in the first four weeks of life) 5.6 per cent, compared with l.4 per cent in the general population. Babies of mothers with diabetes tend to be larger and have an increased risk

  2. Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels.

    Most commercially available glucose monitors are reliable and easy to use. Some monitors have large data storage capacities and/or the ability to interface with a computer to enhance data management. Some have audio or large display faces to assist those with vision problems.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work