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Diabetes is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the bodys cells, and damaging the sufferers health. Discuss this illness.

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Dr Bryant Diabetes Diabetes is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the body's cells, and damaging the sufferer's health. The high sugar level in the blood is a condition known as hyperglycemia. Diabetes develops either because the body's pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin hormones to metabolise glucose, or because the insulin fails to work properly. When blood glucose rises above a certain level, it leaks into the urine. The condition, sometimes hereditary, affects roughly 3% cent of men and 2% cent of women in the world, half of which may not have been diagnosed with the condition. ...read more.


Moderately raised blood glucose levels can eventually cause kidney failure; damage to vision from ruptured blood vessels in the eyes; and restricted blood flows to the limbs, which may lead to gangrene and amputated limbs. Diabetes is also associated with a risk of heart disease that is two to three times higher in men, and four to five times higher in women before the menopause. The risk of a stroke is increased greatly. Untreated, the diabetes can lead to coma and death, which was the usual outcome before the discovery of insulin in 1921. Fifty years ago, about 30% of pregnancies among women with diabetes ended in stillbirth or death of the child within weeks of birth, as well as a high percentage of problems with the child. ...read more.


Diet involves ensuring that meals and snacks are so timed that the body's insulin levels don't become excessive. Hypoglycemia produces a low blood glucose level, leading to eventual collapse and possibly coma. It is vital for such patients to swallow some form of sugar quickly following symptoms of sweating, confusion or faintness. The opposite condition, hyperglycemia, occurs when there is an excess of glucose in the blood because of lack of insulin treatment. Unless quickly treated in hospital, hyperglycemia may lead to coma and death. Generally, insulin is self-administered by patients by injection, or with automatic drug injectors attached to the body. Small pen-sized injectors containing a cartridge of insulin can be carried in the pocket for ease and speed of treatment. ...read more.

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