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Energy Sources and Power in the United Kingdom.

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Introduction

Energy Sources and Power in the United Kingdom. Energy production has advanced greatly over the years. We now have more options than ever, most of which are outlined in this report. Each source will be explored thoroughly and I will attempt to advise as to which option should be taken in our future of energy production. Fossil fuels. Coal Coal has declined over the years as a source of energy. The only remaining power plants are in the North where aluminium is produced. Coal is mined from Britain's sole remaining shaft mine and then used as fuel for the local power plant, which supplies electrical energy to the nearby Aluminium plant. Coal is a relatively cheap source of energy, and can be easily obtained form countries such as Poland. It is today more efficient than it once was, but I would not advocate it as being the most productive source of energy. ...read more.

Middle

Nuclear Power. This is undoubtedly the most controversial form of energy. It consists of a core where nuclear reactions take place and the energy produced from this heats water, which then causes the turbines to rotate and generate power. It is a process that is safe and clean until radioactive material has to be disposed of. Depleted uranium is packed in to concrete crates, which are lined with lead. These crated are thrown on to the sea, where scientists hope that they will do no body any harm, and gradually loose their radioactivity over time. (This is dictated by the half-life of the material). No pollution what so ever is produced during the process of generating power. People often look at the huge cooling towers and assume that the steam belching out is deadly, when in fact it is nothing but water. Hydroelectric power. This involves water with a high velocity turning turbines. ...read more.

Conclusion

This however is a small cost in relation to the benefits that they have to the environment and us. Wave power. This is probably the most viable option for Britain's clean energy source. It is a process that involves building walls across a tidal estuary. There are compartments that collect water at high tide, and then release it when the tide goes out. The water powers turbines, which in turn generate electricity. This is a good option for Britain because we have rivers with some of the largest tidal ranges in the world e.g. The Avon. Solar Power. This is a source of energy that converts energy from the sun in to electricity or is used to heat water for individual homes. This option is not at all recommendable for Britain, due to our lack of sunlight. Areas such as California have partially adopted this source of energy ad it can generate around 14,000 KW of power. It is a process that is expensive (production of solar panels) and unreliable for many regions of the world. ...read more.

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