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Setting up a Light Microscope.

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Setting up a Light Microscope

Aim: To set up a Light Microscope

Microscopes came into existence in 1670. It was a man called Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek who came up with this innovative idea of inventing a Microscope. Soon his invention was very popular. Scientists everywhere started to utilize similar microscopes. Microscopes have been an asset to the scientific industry. We nowadays use microscopes to things in a greater detailed picture. The naked eye cannot see an onion cell, to observe the onion cell we need to use a Light Microscope. When using a Light Microscope we can adjust the magnification to what we desire. A light microscope is an excellent piece of equipment to use when distinguishing between an animal and plant cell. image00.pngimage01.png

There are many types of microscopes. Two common microscopes are the Light Microscope and the Electron Microscope.

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You have to be very careful when using a light microscope. Follow these i9nstructions to setup and use the microscope properly.

  • First of all place the microscope in the middle of the table and close to the lamp that will supply the light for you to see the slide clearly. Make sure the hand grip of the microscope is pointing towards you. If the microscope you are using has more than one objective lens, start with one with the lowest number.
  • Once the microscope is set, look down it. Adjust the magnification until you can see a plain bright screen.
  • After you have set the magnification, then put the slide that you are studying on to the stage of the microscope.
  • Now again look down the microscope. Slowly turn the focusing knob so that the objective lens is moving away from the slide. Then you can slowly focus the slide up to the magnifications you desire.


  • Light Microscope
  • Lamp
  • Cover Slip
  • Slide
  • Item that you are Studying
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Microscopes have answered some of the questions that the naked eye cannot see. For example the naked eye cannot see an onion cell, to see the onion cell we have to use a microscope.


I think setting up a light microscope is very simple and easy. The advantage of a microscope is that you can set it up very fast and get to work straight away. You don’t need any special training to use a microscope, it is basically common sense. A disadvantage is that it can be moved easily by some one walking past and nudging it out of position. And when that happens you have to refocus and reposition the microscope. The solution to this problem is that lamps should be fitted on the microscopes. However I think that the microscope is a brilliant piece of equipment.

Usman Ahmed Nawaz 10N

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