• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Genome Project.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (also known as HGP) began as a project planned to last 15 years and the project goals were to discover all the (approx.) 30000 to 35,000 human genes. Rapid technological advantages have accelerated the expected completion date to 2003 whereas before it was planned for 2005. This project began in October 1990 and is an international project. The human genome is being researched and mapped out to make them accessible for further biological study, and determine the complete sequence of the 3 billion DNA subunits (bases). As part of the Human Genome Project some parallel studies are being undertaken on selected organisms such as the bacterium E. coli to help develop the technology and interpret human gene function. Researchers mainly run the Human Genome Project from The Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health National Human Genome Research Institute Life Insurance companies should not have access to this information about genes. ...read more.

Middle

Insurers will use genetic information to deny, limit, or cancel insurance policies or (2) employers will use genetic information against existing workers or to screen potential employees. Because DNA samples can be held indefinitely, there is the added threat that samples will be used for purposes other than those for which they were gathered. "Executive Order Protecting Federal Employees On February 8, 2000, U.S. President Clinton signed an executive order prohibiting every federal department and agency from using genetic information in any hiring or promotion action. This executive order, endorsed by the American Medical Association, the American College of Medical Genetics, the National Society of Genetic Counsellors, and the Genetic Alliance * Prohibits federal employers from requiring or requesting genetic tests as a condition of being hired or receiving benefits. Employers cannot request or require employees to undergo genetic tests in order to evaluate an employee's ability to perform his or her job. ...read more.

Conclusion

out if the baby has a big possibility of being born with a particular disease or syndrome that runs in the family. For example it will be possible to see whether it is likely to have multiple sclerosis or cystic fibrosis. Also the parents will be able to see from the babies actual DNA if it has a problem or not. The information can help drug makers target illnesses and diseases with more precision. They will be able to see how a gene will react to the drugs and will be able to see how the drug can be targeted directly at certain things instead of prescribing a drug that may not even come close to helping the sufferer. Drug companies have funded the Human Genome Project as they are hoping to gain more information on how to make more effective and worthwhile drugs meaning they may be able to receive money and save more peoples lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Human Genome Project

    5 star(s)

    to consider, since rich and powerful people can induce unscrupulous practitioners to do with this tool things that it was not meant for - eg cloning themselves, or choosing the characteristics of their offspring. The regulation of this practice ( gene therapy )

  2. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    disease develops, and it may lead to: - confusion - personality changes - a total change in behavior Causes of Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease is caused by parts of the brain wasting away, which damages the structure of the brain and how it works.

  1. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    able to express themselves or understand everyday gestures of facial expressions * Routine and repetitive behaviour- when a child keeps to a routine and/or carries out a task over and over again. Some of these symptoms may also lead to hyperactivity in younger children.

  2. case study- cystic fibrosis

    Lots of religious believers feel that cloning is wrong because scientists are "playing god".Many people believe that the giving and taking of life is only to be judged by God and that only he should make it happen. Cloning Pictures and Diagrams: This diagram shows us how therapeutic cloning is

  1. Genome Project

    that are repeated millions or billions of times throughout a genome. The human genome, for example, has 3 billion pairs of bases. * The particular order of As, Ts, Cs, and Gs is extremely important. The order underlies all of life's diversity, even dictating whether an organism is human or

  2. The Human Genome Project.

    Research Program The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) Research program in the Division of Extramural Research supports basic and applied research that identifies and analyzes the ethical, legal, and social issues surrounding human genetics research. It funds and manages research grants and education projects at institutions throughout the United States and supports workshops, research consortia, and policy conferences related to these projects.

  1. Jurassic Park And Tech.

    Since racemization occurs at approximately the same rate as DNA degradation, scientists can use the ratio of D-enantiomers to L-enantiomers to determine the state of the organism's DNA. If extensive racemization has occurred, the DNA has deteriorated. Researchers have not been able to obtain reliable samples from remains in which the D-enantiomer content has reached ten percent.

  2. Human Genome Paper

    The genetic map of the mouse, based on morphological markers, has already led to many insights into human genetics. There is every reason to believe that a physical map of the mouse genome will be equally useful so this was one of the early goals of the consortium.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work