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The Human Genome Project.

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Introduction

The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (also known as HGP) began as a project planned to last 15 years and the project goals were to discover all the (approx.) 30000 to 35,000 human genes. Rapid technological advantages have accelerated the expected completion date to 2003 whereas before it was planned for 2005. This project began in October 1990 and is an international project. The human genome is being researched and mapped out to make them accessible for further biological study, and determine the complete sequence of the 3 billion DNA subunits (bases). As part of the Human Genome Project some parallel studies are being undertaken on selected organisms such as the bacterium E. coli to help develop the technology and interpret human gene function. Researchers mainly run the Human Genome Project from The Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health National Human Genome Research Institute Life Insurance companies should not have access to this information about genes. ...read more.

Middle

Insurers will use genetic information to deny, limit, or cancel insurance policies or (2) employers will use genetic information against existing workers or to screen potential employees. Because DNA samples can be held indefinitely, there is the added threat that samples will be used for purposes other than those for which they were gathered. "Executive Order Protecting Federal Employees On February 8, 2000, U.S. President Clinton signed an executive order prohibiting every federal department and agency from using genetic information in any hiring or promotion action. This executive order, endorsed by the American Medical Association, the American College of Medical Genetics, the National Society of Genetic Counsellors, and the Genetic Alliance * Prohibits federal employers from requiring or requesting genetic tests as a condition of being hired or receiving benefits. Employers cannot request or require employees to undergo genetic tests in order to evaluate an employee's ability to perform his or her job. ...read more.

Conclusion

out if the baby has a big possibility of being born with a particular disease or syndrome that runs in the family. For example it will be possible to see whether it is likely to have multiple sclerosis or cystic fibrosis. Also the parents will be able to see from the babies actual DNA if it has a problem or not. The information can help drug makers target illnesses and diseases with more precision. They will be able to see how a gene will react to the drugs and will be able to see how the drug can be targeted directly at certain things instead of prescribing a drug that may not even come close to helping the sufferer. Drug companies have funded the Human Genome Project as they are hoping to gain more information on how to make more effective and worthwhile drugs meaning they may be able to receive money and save more peoples lives. ...read more.

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