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The Human Genome Project.

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Introduction

The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international research effort to characterize the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA, to develop technologies for genomic analysis, to examine the ethical, legal, and social implications of human genetics research, and to train scientists who will be able to utilize the tools and resources developed through the HGP to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. The following links will provide detailed information on how this effort was initiated and how it is progressing, who is involved, opportunities for research funding, and HGP related publications and information sources. What is the Human Genome Project? The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international research program designed to construct detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome, to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, to localize the estimated 50,000-100,000 genes within the human genome, and to perform similar analyses on the genomes of several other organisms used extensively in research laboratories as model systems. The scientific products of the HGP will comprise a resource of detailed information about the structure, organization and function of human DNA, information that constitutes the basic set of inherited "instructions" for the development and functioning of a human being. ...read more.

Middle

This report, A Review and Analysis of the ELSI Research Programs at NIH and DOE, was released in February 2000. If you are interested in applying for a grant and would like more information on the ELSI Research Program, its goals and funding priorities and the technical and administrative guidelines for applying for an ELSI grant, see the three ELSI Program Announcements and the How to apply for an NIH grant web site referenced below. The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international research effort to characterise the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA. This massive research project has key aims that include the development of technologies for genomic analysis, to examine the ethical, legal and social implications of human genetics research, and to train scientists who will be able to utilise the tools and resources developed through the HGP and ultimately to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. Looking now in more detail at the actual program itself, the HGP is an international research project initially run by the Department of Energy, the National Institutes of Health and the Government in the United States, designed to construct detailed ...read more.

Conclusion

A former US ambassador to the Vatican is quoted, "Human reproduction is now in the hands of men, when it rightfully belongs in the hands of God." Religion regards Gods as being the fathers of the planet and that genetic technology is the answer to becoming rebels and breaking away, almost as if forming an alliance with the devil and performing evil tasks. Coming back to the issue of 'test-tube babies', this is a technique that has been successfully used in the past. Moral issues come into play, similar to those concerning abortion, regarding the classification of the human created. It is not right to create people for their body parts because cloning for intended destruction can easily be passed as murder in a court of law. There are arguments whether the creation is a life or not. Who owns it and is it right to put a clone through all the suffering if anything does go wrong? So many social, ethical, moral, legal implications etc. may go so far as hindering the development of genetics into dangerous territories but in reality it can always be considered as an inevitable accident waiting to happen. ...read more.

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