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unit 9 sports science introduction

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Introduction - Unit 9 In this unit I will put together a portfolio which shows the links between exercise, sport, injury and the human body. My chosen sport is the 200m sprint and all the information I include in this portfolio will be linked to my sport. I will produce a personal health and fitness plan for myself for over a four week period over which my performance for my chosen sport will have increased. I will also produce a case study of a first aid injury which could be caused whilst taking part in the 200m sprint. To finish of the portfolio I will write a report about a job role which involves sports day in day out. About Myself Before I start my four week period of exercising to improve my performance, I am going to take measurements of myself. ...read more.


There are two types of carbohydrates, simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are known as sugars, natural sugars can be found in fruit or vegetables and refined sugars can be found in chocolate, biscuits, soft drinks, cakes etc. complex carbohydrates are known as starch or starchy food. They can also be found in natural sources such as, beans, rice, lentils, oats, potatoes etc and refined starches are found in things such as breads, pizza, sugary breakfasts, biscuits, pastries. Fats Fats are the most efficient source of energy Vitamins Vitamins are nutrients which the body needs in small amounts in order to function properly; there are two types of vitamins, water soluble and fat soluble. Water soluble vitamins don't get stored in the body which is why we need them more often. Water soluble vitamins are found in fruits vegetables and grains. The best way to keep all the soluble water vitamins in food is to steam or grill them rather than to boil because water soluble vitamins can be destroyed when exposed to air or heat. ...read more.


Minerals can be found in foods such as meat, fish, milk, nuts etc. These are all the essential minerals: * calcium * iron * magnesium * phosphorus * potassium * sodium * sulphur Proteins Proteins are complex substances made up of amino acids; different foods contain different types of amino acids in different amounts. Proteins are broken down into amino acids these are used in tissue and muscle developments. The body needs a good supply of these in order to stay healthy. Meat and fish are great sources of proteins as well as cereals, dairy products, eggs, nuts etc. Fibre There are two types of fibres soluble and insoluble, both are important for our body to keep regular. Soluble fibres slow the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, this helps prevent wide swings in blood sugar. Examples of soluble fibres are oats, dried beans, peas, barely and fruits. Insoluble fibres aids digestion and help improve or prevent ulcers and constipation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Siarah Batool ...read more.

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