• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

assess sociological views of socialisation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess sociological views of socialisation Most sociologists believe you have to learn how to fit into society, e.g. learn how to behave and what to believe. This process is called socialisation. It begins in childhood (primary socialisation) and continues throughout life (secondary socialisation). As usual in sociology, there are different views about how it all works. Primary socialisation comes first. In early childhood, individuals learn the skills, knowledge, norms and values of society. This all happens in three ways. Firstly, children internalise norms and values by imitating their parents/guardians. Secondly, children are rewarded for socially acceptable behaviour. Lastly; Children are punished for socially "deviant" behaviour. Primary socialisation is often seen as the most important because evidence shows that children who are deprived of social contact during development often can't function as social adults. In 1970, an American girl known as "Genie" was discovered. She'd been locked up by her father for her first 13 years and never managed to recognise even basic social norms. ...read more.

Middle

Peer groups are made up of people of similar social status. The peer group can influence norms and values. This can be towards conformity (doing what society likes) or deviance (doing what society doesn't like). Youth subcultures sometimes encourage deviant behaviour, like joyriding. Another agent of secondary socialisation is religion. Religion often provides social norms and values. Most religions oppose theft and murder, and teach respect for elders. However, the mass media is also an agent and are powerful in shaping norms and values in the audience. Some sociologists (e.g. Althusser) argue that the media have now replaced religion in secondary socialisation. As a further agent, the workplace socialisation involves learning the norms and values that enable people to join the world of work, such as being on time and obeying the boss. Socialisation is the process that turns individuals into members of a social culture. According to some sociological perspectives, an important result of socialisation is that each individual ends up with a number of roles. ...read more.

Conclusion

The functionalist Durkheim calls this constraint. If it weren't for internalised norms and values, people would do what they liked. Internalised norms and values are like having a little police officer inside your head, stopping you from doing wrong and crazy things. Functionalists say that socialisation creates a consensus, where everyone has the same values and norms. It's important for people to conform to the norms and values of society. When people conform to the expectations, they're rewarded. When people don't conform to social expectations, they're punished. Sociologists call these punishments sanctions. Sociologists call behaviour which doesn't conform to society's expectations deviant. There are two types of social control. Formal social control is where rules imposed by agents of social control such as the police, the courts and the army. E.g. if you stole some money, you could be punished with a prison sentence. Informal social control is where norms and values reinforced by the family, education, media, workplace and peers. E.g. if you refused to contribute to a friend's leaving present, you might get disapproving looks and comments from other people. As we can see, there are many views about socialisation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Media essays

  1. The Media is the most effective agency of socialisation. Discuss.

    An additional agency that is also effective is school. Also I think peer group comes into one, for the reason that your friends in school are a peer group. Your peer's are usually someone who is same age or similar social structure.

  2. Marketisation of education

    They make sure that they have top standards for their middle class pupils but this causes working class to miss out as they are in comprehensives with less funding and generally poorer quality teachers. This shows a big inequality between classes because it gives them a "head start."

  1. The function of Education is to develop and reinforce social solidarity.

    Parsons defines a role as the "normatively regulated, participating of a person in a concrete process of social interaction with specific, concrete role-partners" Although any individual (theoretically) can fulfill any role, they are expected to conform to the norms governing the nature of the role they fulfill.

  2. "Any sociological explanation of the influence of the mass media needs to take into ...

    Therefore, it clearly tells us that only the capitalist society (the rich & powerful) has the full control of the media. As a result, it doesn't take into account the social situation of the general public. This theory is supported by Ralph Miliband's (1973)

  1. Moral Panic and media folk devils.

    This study said that the part of the brain used to play computer games also caused anti-social behaviour in people. The other studies used case studies such as that heavy metal is a bad influence because it has turned out people like Marilyn Manson (Brian Warner)

  2. Did the BATF and the FBI attempt to cover up agents conduct at the ...

    earned from around Waco to support the spiritual life at Mount Carmel. The BATF is a tax collecting, enforcement and regulatory arm of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The origins of the Bureau date back to 1792, in which it responsibilities were primarily associated with the IRS.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work