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Claims that the United Kingdom is now a secular society are wrong. Both religious activities and religious beliefs are flourishing. To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view?

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Claims that the United Kingdom is now a secular society are wrong. Both religious activities and religious beliefs are flourishing. To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? A secular society refers to anything that is not religious or the idea of opposing to religion. Nowadays, religious ideas and practices are less pressurising on society and its practice is becoming less unseen to religious practitioners. According to Dalai Lama, "Secularism does not mean rejection of all religions. It means respect for all religions and human beings including non-believers". However, non-practitioners do not share the same thoughts as they believe that religion is a way of perceiving life in a non- spiritual way. For them, religion is not as centred in their lives as a religious practitioner. Dalai Lama's view here helps to investigate the positive and negative aspects on a secular society. Living in a secular society attracts both political and religious clashes. The absence of religion in a society may bring uncertainty about the political rules applied and therefore brings questions as to whether a secular society should exist or not. ...read more.


However, there are discriminating facts about each of them that makes them unique. For example: Hindus believe in "karma and dharma" meaning as you sow so shall you reap and therefore one must abide by his duties. Hindus practices their religious activities by going to the temple regularly and keeps the faith in God by fasting on different religious occasions, and also celebrates in the name of God on different occasions such as ,'Diwali', 'Navratri' and various other such occasions. On the other hand Muslims believes in the "Prophet Mohammed" who is the messenger of God. Similarly with Hindus, Muslims fasts for every Ramadan for a month and breaks their fast in full moon night. The birth of Jesus brought in the religion of Christianity whereby it is believed that Jesus is the son of God and that he was the rescuer of the miserable and the ill. For Christians, the celebration of Jesus' birthday - Christmas is considered a very holy day, and is famous worldwide. The celebration of Easter is also a well known Christian festival whereby every Christian family celebrates it with joy and with their families. ...read more.


Until they have clearly thought out and stated exactly what they mean by these terms, thus secularization thesis cannot be adequately tested. Whereas, in the other hand sociologists Davie 1994 argues that religious participation and the power of the religious institutions are in decline does not mean that personal religiosity is in decline. The picture presented by the various surveys reveals that a great number of individuals are believers without necessarily being belongers, that is people may have given up on religious institutions but they have not abandoned religious belief completely. Davie enlists the picture becomes clearer. The conflicting views of these different arguments by different sociologists leads to the eventual conclusion that Secularisation, therefore, is a process whereby "religious activity" in any society progressively declines over time. Moreover, in modern society, religion offers a great place of practice in the organisation of secular affairs. However, the crucial point here is that it is very different to their role in the past, which were perhaps, more efficient than now, but seeing that it has a lasting commitment to it, proves that the UK being claimed as a secular society is wrong basing on different arguments. ?? ?? ?? ?? Priyanka Regmi ...read more.

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