• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Class differences in educational attainment.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Lucie Jelfs TIP: use examples and make sure the answer links to the question. 1. Becker put forward the term ?Ideal Pupil? to show how teachers have a preference for a certain kind of pupil that they would like to teach. The pupil usually has the characteristics of a middle class child, for example they have a desire to learn and are hardworking and quiet. 2. Students from the upper social classes and those who have attended independent schools are more likely to gain places at elite universities such as LSE and Oxbridge even when they have the same A-level grades as students from state schools because: - They speak with elaborated code. This means that they do not assume that the listener knows what they are talking about and they include as much detail as they can. This means that they are more formal in their speech and will speak better at an interview than someone of a lower class. Thus giving them more of a chance of getting into the elite universities because they will be liked more than someone who uses a restricted code and slang. ...read more.


Both internal (factors within schools) and external (factors outside of schools) play a part in the difference in attainment between social classes. One internal factor that has a major impact on working class children is labelling. Instead of judging children by their ability and intelligence they judge them on their social class and background. Becker explains that teachers have an ?ideal pupil?, a pupil that has middle class characteristics such as obedience and conformity. Therefore anyone that does not fall into this category is ?labelled? and treated differently. This can then lead to a self-fulfilling prophecy. The teachers have judged the children and labelled those who are not middle class as failures or not going to do well. Because of this and the different treatment they receive, the working class children start to believe that they will not achieve. Thus meaning that they do not want to work hard and don?t see the point in achieving so will fail. What the teacher expected happens. However it is not just this that causes the child to fail. The working class have a sub-culture that is different from the ?right? dominant white/middle class of Britain. ...read more.


The child may then fall behind because they have missed out on something that all the other children in their class have had. For example there may be a school trip to a museum that a working class family cannot afford to send their child on. In future lessons the teacher may refer to something seen on that trip so the child that didn?t get to go will be lost and won?t know what they teacher is saying whereas the other students will. Because of this we cannot blame the curriculum for the underachievement in working class pupils, it offers some of the experiences needed for education but the material deprivation means that the child cannot experience it. On the other hand a lot of schools offer help and support to the children from a working class background who cannot afford a lot, and help financially with the cost of a trip. Therefore you could say that it is not the curriculum or material deprivation that causes the child to underachieve. Overall internal factors have an impact of the achievement of working class students. However these internal factors are caused by the external. Therefore it is arguable that they would have little effect if the external factors were taken away. Thus meaning that they external factors are the greatest influence on social-class differences in educational achievement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Still this is a problem of racism; therefore it seems that racism within the education system is the main factor in causing underachievement of ethnic minority children. I then mentioned the study by Mirza (1992) called 'Young, Female and Black', that found the teachers who got the best out of

  2. Examine the ways in which factors in pupils' home backgrounds may affect their educational ...

    Howard Becker writing in the 1960s said that teachers had an ideal pupil image, which was based on conduct, manners and the nature of attitude of the learner. Becker said that the academic ability of the learner could influence their interaction with the teacher, which could therefore determine their educational attainment.

  1. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    a sample of individuals with average IQ's, shows that they achieved a variation of educational attainment, thus leading them to conclude that there is hardly any relationship between IQ and Academic qualifications. It has therefore been suggested that class stratification is directly related to educational attainment, and in particular material and cultural practices of social classes.

  2. Discuss in what ways social class impacts on educational experiences.

    that accepts pupils of all abilities. Their aim was to make sure that all children were to be educated exactly the same regardless of their class, ethnicity and gender leading to greater equality and acceptance of diversity. However what they failed to recognise was that educating such a mixed ability

  1. Social factors effecting educational attainment.

    drastically change the level of educational attainment that a child might get. When comparing one sphere of influence to another, for example out and in school factors to home factors we can see that they all influence students educational attainment based on class.

  2. Black Male perception, of Secondary School Attainment and Opportunities. "Explore reasons for the academic ...

    Young (2000) and Fraser (1997) usefully identified the three main features of social justice: Relational justice: this is about ensuring cultural recognition and respect. It refers to fair and just relationships within society Distributive justice: this concerns the allocation and distribution of material goods and resources within society.

  1. To what extent are school factors responsible for social class differences in educational attainment?

    Streaming partly explains why schoolings seems to have little effect on existing social inequalities. Like Becker said before a teacher is less likely to think of working class student as the ideal pupil as a result they are more likely to be lower stream.

  2. Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

    success, hence see the primary socialisation of children as the most important undermining factor which will determine whether a child will be successful within education. However they also argue that there is a minority of people whom do not thrive within education as they have been ?culturally deprived? since birth,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work