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cultural deprivation theory

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Introduction

Cultural Deprivation Theory as an explanation of working class underachievement Cultural deprivation is the lack of certain norms (rules of behaviour in social situations), values (belief that something is worthwhile), attitudes and skills. But in this case it's necessary for educational success. Working class children are less likely to succeed because they are less likely to be found in nursery schools, less likely to go to university and more likely to be poor readers when they start school, more likely to be in lower sets and streams in secondary school, more likely to leave school early, more likely to underachieve at GCSEs and a level, more likely to be excluded and suspended .This is because the middle-class culture children are adequately prepared for school, but it's totally reverse for working-class culture; it basically fails to prepare children adequately for educational success. Cultural deprivation has been identified as one reason why the working class children are generally achieving less than middle class pupils. ...read more.

Middle

Immediate gratification Working class children are encouraged by their parents to "take what they can get, when they can get it". Leaving school at the earliest opportunity is a form of "immediate gratification", since the working class child can start to earn money at an earlier age than their middle-class peers. Key sociologists Hyman - The working class have a self imposed barrier against education. They accept that they can't get far, and hence they don't. Bernstein - Did a study on speech codes - he found two types of speech. What he called 'elaborated code' and then 'restricted code'. He said that only the middle class had access to the elaborate speech, which is essential to academic studies, whereas the working class were trapped in the use of restricted codes even in written work. Sugarman - Talks about how the working class goes for immediate gratification more than the middle class. But the middle class go to university so in the long term they're better off the working class are more tempted by full time work at ages 16 or 18. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, there is an element of attractive common sense appeal to the idea. There are two questions to be considered Here: � Is there a culture or cycle of disadvantage? � Is the culture of working class people different or deficient? Material Deprivation Is The Most Important Barrier To Educational Attainment Material deprivation is a lack of money, which leads to disadvantages, such as unhealthy diet and a lack of materials such as computer and textbooks. J.W.B Douglas examined education of 5,362 British children and grouped the children in terms of their ability, which was measured by IQ tests. He then divided them into four social class groupings and found significant variations between students of a similar ability but who were from different social backgrounds. Douglas believed that underachievement in education was related to a number of factors. These were the students health, the size of the students family and the quality of the school they attended. With health, working class children tend to have a poor diet, which leads to ill health. This in turn, leads to poor attendance and therefore children cannot catch up on work missed and so underachieve in exams. ...read more.

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