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cultural deprivation theory
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Cultural Deprivation Theory as an explanation of working class underachievement
Cultural deprivation is the lack of certain norms (rules of behaviour in social situations), values (belief that something is worthwhile), attitudes and skills. But in this case it's necessary for educational success.
Working class children are less likely to succeed because they are less likely to be found in nursery schools, less likely to go to university and more likely to be poor readers when they start school, more likely to be in lower sets and streams in secondary school, more likely to leave school early, more likely to underachieve at GCSEs and a level, more likely to be excluded and suspended .This is because the middle-class culture children are adequately prepared for school, but it's totally reverse for working-class culture; it basically fails to prepare children adequately for educational success.
Cultural deprivation has been identified as one reason why the working class children are generally achieving less than middle class pupils. It attributes the working class under-achievement to the fact that they have often been brought up with a negative attitude towards education.
Cultural deprivation theory is not now as significant in theory
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