• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the different purposes of education according to different sociological perspectives.

Extracts from this document...


Describe the different purposes of education according to different sociological perspectives. Education as a whole is a vital part of socialisation, and has been called the 'secondary' socialisation after the family. Functionalism confirms this theory with the idea that education is another social system within the structure, helping the society to function. Parsons states that the school compensates for the defective socialisation sometimes present, especially in dysfunctional families. For example some families may fail to instate the morals of society and so that is left up to the school. Merton continues the theory by concluding that within the family the status is ascribed and therefore does not reflect the real world. ...read more.


Marxism has some similar views as functionalists of education however they take a more negative stance. Althusser views education as a segment in the 'ideological state apparatus' used by the ruling class to get the majority to accept ruling ideas. Education gives a 'false consciousness that the system gives each individual an equal chance'. Macdonald supports this view by stating that education is useless in determining an individuals life chances as the social class they are born into predetermines them, incorporating this idea Stanworth & Giddens studies have conducted research providing statistical evidence, 7% of all school population attend public schools, yet 60-90% of all the top positions are taken by public school pupils. ...read more.


As with everything it is felt that education can be of great use although it completely depends on the individual and their motivation and determination to succeed. They accept that there are other reasons for education such as secondary socialisation and that not every individual is offered the same life chances. However the view is based more so on the individual themselves. Education offers individuals the chance to show their potential. It socialises in all walks of life and in many different ways such as academically, emotionally, physically and morally. It is true that education is used for other purposes solely than just to educate, and education as with everything in life is not equally shared but it does offer an individual the chance to progress in life. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Lambe 13 A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Identify and explain three ways in which, according to Marxism, the education system is ...

    And that the whole education system has changed in ideology to that the main role of the education system is trying to transmit this ideology. He claims that the whole ideology is essential to social control. Sociologists Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis have the same claim.

  2. Religion can both be a conservative force and an initiator of social change. To ...

    An example of this is in the USA, where Reverend W.A Criswell spent 50 years insisting that the Bible is the unerring word of God and that its historical accuracy is beyond question. Criswell led a domination of 16 million people and he and his followers worked untiringly to ensure that their conservative social agenda dominated the US political debate.

  1. In the 15th Century the idea of 'schooling' began, the church ran the schools

    Success at school depends heavily on language, for reading, writing, speaking and understanding. Bernstein argues that 'there is a relationship between language use and social class, and that the language used by the middle class is a better instrument for success at school than the language used by the working class', (Browne 2005).

  2. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    18 27 14 15 100 1 Males aged 16 to 64, females aged 16 to 59. 2 At winter. Data are not seasonally adjusted and have been adjusted in line with population estimates published in spring 2003. See Appendix, Part 4: LFS reweighting.

  1. Higher Education in the USA. Finishing school is the beginning of ...

    is America's proper role as the world's oldest constitutional democracy; its largest, economy; its first nuclear power?" Americans cherish their right to express opinions on all such issues. But the people of the United States are also painfully aware of how complex such issues are.

  2. An Investigation into Primary School Physical Education

    coordination, and then to refining and extending these skills and being able to perform them with some accuracy, consistency and fluency; * from the simple selection and application of skills in a series or in combination to the planning and use of more complex sequences, games strategies and compositional principles;

  1. Does Utopia describe an ideal society

    Each of it's cities are the same size, the houses all look the same and each city has the same number of families and no. of people in those families, because the utopians see equality as a visual image of perfection.

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Overall, the War provided women with the first step to equal rights, and women had learnt a wider range of skills that they could later use. Men's dominance in the working world was strongly felt as most men had the better jobs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work