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Examine the differences between the birth and death rate in the 1900s

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Introduction

January 2009 Examine the differences in the Birth and Death rates in the UK since the 1900s... The term Birth Rate, is given to the number of live births of the population per thousand. Over the past century, the birth rate has been declining in Britain, from 28 per 1,000 to about 11 per 1,000 in 2005. This means the average household size has decreased from about 6 children per family in the 1870s to around 1.8 per family in 2004. This is due to more effective contraception as well as it being more affordable and due to society's attitudes to the use of contraception have changed making it more socially acceptable, this partly to do with the growth of secularization and the declining influence of the church. Also due to the legalisation of abortions in 1967, the termination of unwanted pregnancies has become easier. ...read more.

Middle

The changing role of women within society has involved more equal status with men and greater employment opportunities. Today women have a greater desire to pursue a career rather than conceiving and caring from children. Eventually most women have children however in 1989 20% of women were childless compared to the 12% of women a decade before. The trend in childless women can be expected to continue whilst women care more for the career opportunities. Due to the decline in Infant Mortality Rate and also the overall death rate has meant that fewer people are dying before they reach adulthood and old age, resulting in a decrease in need for children for security. Also the range of agencies available to help the elderly mean that the child of an elderly person feels less compelled to look after them but also the elderly are becoming less reliant on them. ...read more.

Conclusion

from 1980 to 1999, these were the children of the post-WWII baby boomers. The death rate is the number of deaths per thousand per year within a population. The reasons for a decline in the death rate as because there was a better understanding of health care after the 1900s this includes better nutrition, better knowledge of illnesses, better medical treatments, environmental and health measures by the government, for example better housing, ventilation, cleaner drinking water and cleaner air. Also there were not as many dangerous jobs available like mining. As a result of this life expectancy went up in the 1900s, however, life expectancy was low in the 1900s due to a high infant mortality. Kat Quantrill... ?? ?? ?? ?? Examine the differences in the Birth and Death rates in the UK since the 1900s... Kat Quantrill...1207...Mrs Stewart... January 2009... ...read more.

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