• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in life to pupils so they can achieve the status they want

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Aamina Patel. Sociology ? Functionalism 08-10-11 Functionalists have a very positive approach to society and always see the good in everything. E.g.: they focus on the contributions made by education to society. They want to generalise their ideas to the whole of society. Therefore for education they look for what it does for society; not just certain people in society. They believe every society require basic needs. If these needs are met then society is functioning and more likely to last longer. They also look at how society is based on consensus so individuals must obey society?s norms and values. They see a link between education and the economy in that education develops the skills needed for the world of work. Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in life to pupils so they can achieve the status they want or sometimes need for the future. Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917) was a French sociologist he was the key founder of the functionalist theory. ...read more.

Middle

Principles within the family and society work differently, the values we learn in school apply to all society not just our homes. However schools have a more serious function; that is to prepare us for life to do that they use ?social selection? choosing what students will do for their future job roles. He argues that best students will go far and get the best jobs whereas the weaker ones will get low pay and status work. In both school and wider society status is achieved not ascribed e.g. we gain a promotion depending on how great we are at the job, whereas at school we pass or fail because of our effort. Parsons see?s school is preparing us for the wider society in a fair way, in the meritocracy approach everyone is given the same opportunities and individuals achieve through their own effort and ability. This means that students learn to accept that the system is a fair and equal one. Davis and Moore (1945) followed up on Parsons Theory. They both also see education as a selection but they look at more the relationship between social inequality and education. ...read more.

Conclusion

Schools provide adequate supply of sufficiently trained labour for the modern economy; it is getting us ready for the world of work. However functionalist views play down conflict in schools and dysfunctions e.g. bullying, failure and truancy. Whose values are promoted in schools? Some sociologists would say that these are whites, middle class values. Marxist approach argues that rather education is seen as an apparatus that legitimizes and reproduces society?s inequalities and divisions (school just keeps society fair). Education is part of the bourgeois. Education is a crucial part of the system of social control where we are taught to believe in the dominant ideology of the capitalist state structures. Education socializes us into accepting the values of the capitalist system. In addition Parsons wrote a lot, but hardly did any practical research. There is little evidence to support his ideas this is a weakness as it makes it difficult to test his theories. Should education be about being prepared for our roles as our workers in the economy? What if skills we have learnt are not required? It questions whether sifting and sorting is fair. Many researchers show there is no meritocracy in education, as evidence shows that your social class background has a big influence of achievement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. What Would Functionalists Say About Health e.g. the Sick Role? ...

    pays for these social welfare compensations but the individual worker through taxation and Marxists further argue that the greatest burden of taxation falls on those who can least afford to pay it. Marxists do acknowledge that it was probably working class pressure which caused the welfare state to be born.

  2. Gender Roles

    they have both grown up with equal gender opportunities, women being allowed to get an equal education and career. I think that within these areas what may seem as equal is still affected due to gender; for example many men stick to traditional values and do the manual jobs within

  1. sociology of education

    As the functionalist approach is too deterministic, the same criticism could be used for a Marxist perspective. The assumption is students will automatically fall into line and accept what they are told. There are many pupils who do not accept this and are disruptive in the classroom and develop an

  2. Sociology of Education

    The United Kingdom has seen vast developments in education the last century; in 1918 the state took over the responsibility for secondary education and introduced compulsory attendance up to the age of 14. The 1944 Education Act saw secondary education being made available to all in the form of Primary,

  1. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Reference: Stretch B, BTECH national health studies, (heinmann 2002) http://www.diligio.com/sick_role.htm Website viewed on 6 / 9 / 08 Task 4 P5 Patterns and trends of health & illness:- Fertility This graph shows fertility at it's highest since 1980 Total Fertility Rate, UK In 2006 the total fertility rate (TFR)

  2. Assess functionalist views of the role of education

    For example the production of obedient workers who can be easily manipulated by the employers just how pupils must obey the school rules so that they are ready to obey the rules of their workplace. Another belief of Marxist about education is that they claim school perpetuates a ruling class

  1. The Contrasting Views of Education from the Marxists and Functionalists Perspective.

    Parsons argues that education implements values of competition, supports individualism and equality; people who do not work hard do not deserve better jobs. Marxists disagree and call meritocracy a ?myth?. Children from working class families tend have similar jobs as their parents.

  2. Examining the role of education- Functionalism and the New Right:

    To start with, they believe the state imposes a framework on schools within which they have to compete for which helps parents to make a more informed choice of where to send their children.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work