• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in life to pupils so they can achieve the status they want

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Aamina Patel. Sociology ? Functionalism 08-10-11 Functionalists have a very positive approach to society and always see the good in everything. E.g.: they focus on the contributions made by education to society. They want to generalise their ideas to the whole of society. Therefore for education they look for what it does for society; not just certain people in society. They believe every society require basic needs. If these needs are met then society is functioning and more likely to last longer. They also look at how society is based on consensus so individuals must obey society?s norms and values. They see a link between education and the economy in that education develops the skills needed for the world of work. Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in life to pupils so they can achieve the status they want or sometimes need for the future. Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917) was a French sociologist he was the key founder of the functionalist theory. ...read more.

Middle

Principles within the family and society work differently, the values we learn in school apply to all society not just our homes. However schools have a more serious function; that is to prepare us for life to do that they use ?social selection? choosing what students will do for their future job roles. He argues that best students will go far and get the best jobs whereas the weaker ones will get low pay and status work. In both school and wider society status is achieved not ascribed e.g. we gain a promotion depending on how great we are at the job, whereas at school we pass or fail because of our effort. Parsons see?s school is preparing us for the wider society in a fair way, in the meritocracy approach everyone is given the same opportunities and individuals achieve through their own effort and ability. This means that students learn to accept that the system is a fair and equal one. Davis and Moore (1945) followed up on Parsons Theory. They both also see education as a selection but they look at more the relationship between social inequality and education. ...read more.

Conclusion

Schools provide adequate supply of sufficiently trained labour for the modern economy; it is getting us ready for the world of work. However functionalist views play down conflict in schools and dysfunctions e.g. bullying, failure and truancy. Whose values are promoted in schools? Some sociologists would say that these are whites, middle class values. Marxist approach argues that rather education is seen as an apparatus that legitimizes and reproduces society?s inequalities and divisions (school just keeps society fair). Education is part of the bourgeois. Education is a crucial part of the system of social control where we are taught to believe in the dominant ideology of the capitalist state structures. Education socializes us into accepting the values of the capitalist system. In addition Parsons wrote a lot, but hardly did any practical research. There is little evidence to support his ideas this is a weakness as it makes it difficult to test his theories. Should education be about being prepared for our roles as our workers in the economy? What if skills we have learnt are not required? It questions whether sifting and sorting is fair. Many researchers show there is no meritocracy in education, as evidence shows that your social class background has a big influence of achievement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. sociology of education

    The Ridings in Halifax is a recent example of a school having to close when it shut in 2007. The states role would be to provide guidelines to which all schools would have to comply, and part of these rules would be schools publishing ofsted inspections and all examination results.

  2. What Would Functionalists Say About Health e.g. the Sick Role? ...

    Medicine is a major social institution, and in capitalist societies, it is shaped by capitalist interests. Marxist accounts of capitalist medicine have been developed by a number of sociologists and health policy analysts, notably Navarro (1985). According to Navarro, there are four features that define medicine as capitalist: * "Medicine

  1. Sociology of Education

    The 1970s focused on the underachievement of girls within the education system. Originally taught more feminine subjects, such as cookery and needlework, in preparation for motherhood, girls were now able to study the same classes as boys including woodwork and metalwork. Women were starting to combine work and a family.

  2. Gender Roles

    In terms of work I would expect that jobs and incomes have become balanced but statistics prove otherwise. Although it can now be seen as acceptable for each gender to do jobs typically for the opposite sex, people still mainly do the jobs deemed acceptable for their gender.

  1. Sociology of education

    In families where segregated conjugal roles were present the husband made all the vital decisions regarding the family. e.g. where they lived the responsibilities of the wife in this relationship were solely focused on the children and domestic chores. They also spent their leisure time apart; it was not uncommon for either to know the company the other kept.

  2. Assess functionalist views of the role of education

    For example the production of obedient workers who can be easily manipulated by the employers just how pupils must obey the school rules so that they are ready to obey the rules of their workplace. Another belief of Marxist about education is that they claim school perpetuates a ruling class

  1. Examining the role of education- Functionalism and the New Right:

    An example of the teaching of specialist knowledge and skills relates to vocational education where learners acquire them mainly on the job or training. This aids the performance of the individuals in their role in the division of labour as well as meeting society?s economic needs.

  2. The Contrasting Views of Education from the Marxists and Functionalists Perspective.

    There are many variations of Marxism and many within Marxism do have contrasting views, but the ideology of social equality is universal. The very first form of socialisation one would encounter would be within the family. Curtain behaviours are promoted and curtain behaviours are not.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work