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Introduction to social policy-To what extent is social policy fair?

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Introduction

´╗┐Introduction to social policy-To what extent is social policy fair? The focus of this assignment will be Social policy, my hypothesis for this assignment is to explore and understand ?To what extent is Social policy fair?? with reference to race/ethnicity, from this title many questions arise, for example is the welfare state racist? Is there an increase or decrease in multicultural services? Is there a need for a stronger political voice to ethnic minority communities? These questions need to be answered to come to a conclusion, however to understand this topic more clearly, I need to gain a better understanding of what social policy is, public policy is a part of social policy, however social policy deals with social issues. In Europe policies affecting the social conditions under which people are referred to as social policies. Important areas of social policy that are focused on in Europe are education, labour regulation, unemployment insurance, accident insurance and health insurance, throughout the course of this essay I hope to understand what social policy has done, and what its results are. I intend to come to a conclusion on this topic by answering as many of the questions at the beginning of my introduction as I can, I will also carefully study and analyse by gathering research from related books, articles and journals, I will also be looking at Social divisions, patterns of inequality and different sociological perspectives, for example I will be focusing on ideologies and perspectives of feminism, middle way, and anti-racism etc. ...read more.

Middle

Anti racist strategies and policies are being focused on by Bulmer and Solomos, 1999(The students companion to social policy, 2nd Edition, published 2003, Edited by Pete Alcock, Angus Erskine and Margaret May, p.114) Some people argue that social policy is not fair to ethnic minorities, as they believe that the welfare state may be racist. ?Racism in state welfare has a long history. For example, Queen Elizabeth 1 ordered compulsory repatriation of black people from Britain so that state welfare would be accessed only by white citizens.? The students companion to social policy, 2nd Edition, published 2003, Edited by Pete Alcock, Angus Erskine and Margaret May, p.113 The above quote, backs up the argument that social policy isn?t very fair, as ethnic minorities may face racism and so may not be treated equally, and so social policy may just be aimed at benefiting ?white citizens?. Williams 1996 (The students companion to social policy, 2nd Edition, published 2003, Edited by Pete Alcock, Angus Erskine and Margaret May, p.113) argued that there were three important historical moments in the relationship between racism and social policy and these were, the post war period of black immigration, which was encouraged by the state to meet labour shortages, where the emergence of social policy was based on fears of the degeneration of the ?british race? and the loss of the empire. The second historical moment was the significance of the Eugenics movement, Williams argues that ?Discourses involved in this (eugenics) ...read more.

Conclusion

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation caters for everyone irrespective of race or ethnicity, it focuses on the areas of social policy in need of reform (all the places mentioned in the above paragraph). I therefore come to a conclusion on my hypothesis exploring ?To what extent is Social policy fair?? with reference to race/ethnicity, after analysing and carefully scrutinising many different viewpoints and perspectives, and looking at lots of race/ethnicity related issues its hard to come to a single answer, as I believe that Social policy is fair in some ways and unfair in other ways with regards to race and ethnicity, I believe Social Policy is fair with reference to race and ethnicity, due to all the points made towards the end of my essay, the evidence from the research I did clarified that ethnic minorities are taken into consideration by the hedgemony(government) when social policies are being created..........In relation to the questions that I proposed in my introduction I would have to answer??...In relation to the perspectives, theories and ideologies I looked at I would have to say??.There were many debatable answers to my question ?To what extent is Social policy fair?? with reference to race/ethnicity, but it would definitely have to be said that Social policy is fair in many ways, yet from certain perspectives and viewpoints, asides from the ones I have mentioned, many people would disagree, I have explored many different race/ethnicity related factors and considered many different sociological opinions, but different people have different viewpoints on the matter, So I believe this topic is still debatable. ...read more.

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