• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Modern Britain is now a secular society. To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence agree with this view?

Extracts from this document...


?Modern Britain is now a secular society.? To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence agree with this view? A hot sociological debate is that Britain today is becoming more secular. One explanation for this is that we now have a more technological view, meaning we are looking for more scientific and technological reasons for why thing happen rather than religious or supernatural reasons. This idea is supported by Heelas and Woodhead who found a large percentage of people who attend churches and chapels were there to engage in spiritual activities rather than religious ones. ...read more.


Sociologist Leger put secularisation today down to spiritual shopping. Leger suggests that because children are no longer influenced by their parents and told what to believe they instead ?pic n mix? religion ? choosing bits which reflect their needs and aspirations. In addition Stark and Bainbridge argue that religion isn?t declining and will never end. Stark and Bainbridge believe there is a cycle when institutions begin to decline it makes space for new religious movements which revise and renew people?s beliefs. Thus meaning people remain religious they just choose more up to date religions. ...read more.


Meaning that religion is no longer a social institution but a cultural resource that we can draw upon if we wish too. In conclusion there are many arguments against the fact that Britain is becoming more secular ? instead the possible reasons for thinking so is that we believe without belonging and search for more scientific and technological explanations for things. However Stark and Bainbridge argue we will never become secular instead what we believe will change in order to revise and renew peoples beliefs. There are sufficient arguments for both Britain becoming secular and Britain remaining religious. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Asses sociological explanations for the increasing number of religions & spiritual organisations and movements ...

    They tend to be client and audience style cults. Many of these movements are hybrids of different belief systems and rely on the media to get their message across.Heelas argues that there are two common themes that characterise the New Age and these are self spirituality, this is when new agers seeking the spiritual have turned away from traditional

  2. Sociology cannot and should not be a science To what extent do sociological arguments ...

    There are two systems. The first is closed systems: the researcher can control and measure all the variables and make precise predictions e.g. through laboratory experiments. The second is open systems: the researcher cannot control and measure all of the variables, making them unable to make precise predictions.

  1. Modern Britain is now a secular society

    Therefore we must be careful when measuring religious activity in that we do not make our own assumptions. This essay is now going to look at religious organisation and the pro-secularisation side of the debate. When looking at secularisation in Modern Britain, it is important to compare it to religious activity to that in the past.

  2. Assess the view that we are now living in a secular society.

    Steve Bruce agreed, claiming that scientific beliefs undermine religion and that technological advances reduce the number of things that need to be explained in religious terms. Bruce also claims that religion has become less important in society as the majority of its previous functions, such as education, health, social welfare

  1. Assess the nature and extent of secularization in society today. Evidence surrounding church attendance ...

    the media as the result of scandals or an offence committed by church leaders and the number of empty churches suggests a decline in attendance. In spite of this, Parsons argued that the church has lost some of its functions as a result of industrialization, not directly as a result of disengagement.

  2. Assess sociological explanations for the increasing number of religious and spiritual organizations and movements ...

    Weber argued that it can be due to the marginality within groups in society. These new movements mostly attract people because they can feel they are not receiving the rewards that they deserve. The increase in NRM's may also be due to relative deprivation.

  1. Examine the extent to which husbands and wives now have a relationship based on ...

    * Mckee & Bell (1986) suggest that the male's masculine identity is threatened by losing a job and that wives are not willing to threaten it further by asking them to take on more domestic roles. Problems with looking at the division of labour are that different tasks may require

  2. Religion can be both a conservative force and an initiator of social change to ...

    and used their influence using messages from the bible, through their sessions in church. Weber argues that the religious beliefs of Calvinism helped to bring about major social change. Calvinist was a protestant group who?s beliefs involve an ascetic lifestyle where riches could not be spent on luxuries, fine clothes

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work