• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education. Marxist argues that education is only in the interest of the ruling class in the capitalist society, the society is about exploitation of the working class for the needs of capitalism. Education satisfies the ruling class as it provides a labour force which are obedient and easily exploitable. Althussers argues the bourgeoisie uses ideology to control people. As it wins over people?s minds and avoids having to use force to control society. This happens through two main ways 1) repressive state apparatus - this is where the ruling class maintain control by force and enforcing the order of society e.g. using the police and courts. 2) Ideological state apparatus- this is where they rule by controlling people?s ideas, values and beliefs by manipulating functions of section of society, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

They studied a school in America and found that students are rewarded for behaviours which comply with submissiveness and compliance. For example those who show independence and creativity get low grades where as though who are discipline and obedient achieve high grades. They believe education dissuades students from developments and stunts it to be obedient. Due to the poor being abused and exploited there is a high risk of revolt and to overcome this bourgeoisie legitimate the class inequalities and produces false class consciousness through ideologies. They argue that the evidence shows the main factor determining what a person?s achieve is based on the educational achievement. The myth of meritocracy makes it seem the ruling of the higher classes it due to the open and fair competition at school. This helps legitimate the inequality of schools and make revolution unlikely Willis also argued that capitalism wouldn?t able to function without a workforce that is willing to accept exploitation but Willis didn?t see it as a straightforward process. ...read more.

Conclusion

All this helps to legitimate lack of achievement. He is criticised for his study not being representative of all working class pupils and their experiences. However postmodernists criticise that Bowels and Gintis? correspondence principle because today?s post-fordist economy needs school?s to produce a different type of workforce than the one described by Marxist. Postmodernist believe that the education system produces more diversity instead of inequality which Marxist believe. Also Marxists have many disagrees within their theory for example Bowles and Gintis assume that students have no free will and passively accept being controlled and indoctrination. This approach only explains those who accept and follow the values and beliefs they are taught through the hidden curriculum but doesn?t explain those who reject the values and beliefs. Whereas Willis combines the Marxist and interactionist approach and shows how pupils resist the school and rejects their values and still end up with a working-class job, this idea contradicts Bowels and Gintis therefore showing the disagreements within Marxist. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Free essay

    Assess the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of society

    3 star(s)

    Acceptance of this aspect of sociology depends on the view on human nature, as it is based the view that humans are animal like, and in this sense, will all react the same way. Anti-positivists questions the validity of positivist sociology, arguing that the aim of sociology should be "verstehen",

  2. Peer reviewed

    Evaluate the Contribution Marxists Have made in Understanding the Role religion plays in Society

    3 star(s)

    everything is shaped by the cultural context of a particular time and place and community. In a postmodern world individuals work with their religious impulses, by selecting the bits of various spiritualities that 'speak to them' and create their own internal spiritual world.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of religion to social ...

    3 star(s)

    Taking the moral high ground, challenging dissent, acting an honest broker, mobilising public opinion. So for Bruce, religion can become involved in non religious struggle and help to bring about change. Some sociologists have argued that religion prevents social change and may even be used as a tool to ensure that the status quo remains in place.

  2. The education system is meritocratic

    about economic factors playing a part in gender difference feminism as a whole accepts that because these differences exist there can't be fairness and therefore there can't be a meritocracy. Sylvia Walby (1999) who is a post-modernist feminist found that equality could not occur in the education system today when

  1. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that working-class underachievement in ...

    As a result they find school and the tasks demanded a tricky concept to grasp. While Bernstein would generally agree that factors such as home-life and background contribute to underachievement among the working-class he has been criticised for his theory.

  2. Using material from Item 1B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in ...

    largely exist in their culture, and so they are held back from education. Also related to culture is language, which is not primarily English in most Bangladeshi and Pakistani families. This results in the children being disadvantaged from a young age when they start school, with a poor grasp of English.

  1. Outline and discuss the contribution made by Marxism to our understanding of society

    It also contrasts sharply with other sociologists, including the Functionalist views of Emile Durkheim, who argued that the family benefits both society as a whole, and the individual members of the family. It has sparked debates concerning the role and function of the family structure and its origins, with anthropologists arguing the reliability of Engels discovery.

  2. Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to ...

    Paul Willis work suggests that educational ?failure? may be partly the product of some working class students resisting dominant definitions of what constitutes ?successes? and ?failure?. The American sociologists Bowles and Gintis (1976) argue that the major role of education in capitalist societies is the reproduction of labour power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work