• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of group interviews for investigating anti-school subcultures.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Adaeze Ifeacho Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of group interviews for investigating anti-school subcultures. There are two types of attitudes that pupils show towards school, these include: the pro-school subculture and the anti-school subculture. According to Item B Sociologists refer to anti- school subcultures as pupils who share sets of values and behaviour patterns that are in opposition to those expected by schools. To investigate such pupils, an ideal research method would be the non-participant observation, though making use of such a method poses some issues. Generally, studying the lifestyle of anti-school subcultures will be difficult. The students may be unwilling to complete a questionnaire or answer to an interview and the defensiveness of their parents may prevent the sociologists from undergoing their research, therefore, the use of a covert (non- participant) ...read more.

Middle

Investigating such a group in school in a covert manner will give the researcher a rich source of qualitative data that provides a picture of how they really interact. This is because; such groups are likely to be suspicious of outsiders who come asking questions. Relative to Item B it allows researchers to see how pupils actually behave which is the only way to obtain valid information that can serve as the bases for generalisations. As a form of verstehen, allowing the sociologist to become However, the non-participant observation has proven to encounter some difficulties from previous research over the years. There are practical issues involved when choosing to research pupils. The target population is likely to be limited in ability. Pupils? vocabulary, powers of self-expression skills and confidence are likely to be more limited than those of the researchers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore similar to Item B, it may be particularly difficult for researchers to observe pupil behaviour in covert manner. Covert observation in particular raises serious ethical difficulties. Given the vulnerability of pupils and the fact that they are minors, it is considered unethical to use these people to make observations. This is simply because; the sociologists did not obtain the informed consent of their subjects or parents before commencing and it is immoral to deceive people, obtaining information by pretending to be their friend or ?in the same boat? and conceal the purpose of the study. This gives evidence to item B which points out that there are ethical problems associated with observing pupils. Additionally, the researchers may have to participate in immoral or illegal activities as part of their ?cover role?. Hence, a non-participant observation may not be the most suitable method to adopt. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    Durkhiem views on education are open to a number of criticisms. Durkhiem assumes that the values and norms are of those of society as a whole rather than the ruling minority. Durkhiem and Hargreaves supported teamwork and criticised individual competition, however other Functionalists see individual competition as a vital aspect of modern education.

  2. Assess the strengths and limitations of participant observation for the study of labelling in ...

    Validity is a major strength of participant observation as if results are true to life, they can be generalised and used objectively. Another strength of participant observation is Insight. Sociologists refer to this as 'verstehen' meaning empathy. Participant observation allows the researcher to empathise through personal experience.

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    In some ways the introduction of comprehensive has brought equality of opportunity for all, because it has given the opportunity for everyone to get the same education regardless of class, gender or race. The schools teach the same things and offer the same achievements to every pupil, as long as they work hard.

  2. An Investigation into Primary School Physical Education

    * What's the best thing about it? * What would you like to see more of in physical education lessons? The intention for this brief survey was to get an overall opinion of physical education from the pupils. This attitude is unlikely to correlate with the more mature responses from the teachers however it will give some

  1. Using material from Item B and elsewhere, asses the view that changes in the ...

    As availability of divorce is becoming more common, people are no longer as committed to the family and each other, as much as they would have been a few years ago. Also, expectations of marriages and partners are becoming extremely high almost seen as 'dream man/woman' because of the expectations people are looking for.

  2. Participant Observation Exercise

    an insult and he is not trying to defame the person in question. It appears as though the conversation is driven by Dave when talking on this subject. To further reinforce what he is talking about when referring to specific incidents, he can employ the voice of the person he

  1. Using materials from Item B and elsewhere, outline and assess the functionalist of the ...

    Furthermore, Durkheim said the main function of education is cultural transmission that is the passing on of norms and values to the net generation so that they can cooperate to achieve goals. Parsons was another functionalist who believed in the body analogy which is that education is one institution which

  2. Using the pre-release material and your wider sociological knowledge, explain and evaluate the use ...

    This is useful to him as a sociologist as he his then able to explore their identity in a more clear and visible ?view?, as at the school they would have felt intimated and less comfortable, having been in an area they are brought up of from gives them some

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work