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Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of group interviews for investigating anti-school subcultures.

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´╗┐Adaeze Ifeacho Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of group interviews for investigating anti-school subcultures. There are two types of attitudes that pupils show towards school, these include: the pro-school subculture and the anti-school subculture. According to Item B Sociologists refer to anti- school subcultures as pupils who share sets of values and behaviour patterns that are in opposition to those expected by schools. To investigate such pupils, an ideal research method would be the non-participant observation, though making use of such a method poses some issues. Generally, studying the lifestyle of anti-school subcultures will be difficult. The students may be unwilling to complete a questionnaire or answer to an interview and the defensiveness of their parents may prevent the sociologists from undergoing their research, therefore, the use of a covert (non- participant) ...read more.


Investigating such a group in school in a covert manner will give the researcher a rich source of qualitative data that provides a picture of how they really interact. This is because; such groups are likely to be suspicious of outsiders who come asking questions. Relative to Item B it allows researchers to see how pupils actually behave which is the only way to obtain valid information that can serve as the bases for generalisations. As a form of verstehen, allowing the sociologist to become However, the non-participant observation has proven to encounter some difficulties from previous research over the years. There are practical issues involved when choosing to research pupils. The target population is likely to be limited in ability. Pupils? vocabulary, powers of self-expression skills and confidence are likely to be more limited than those of the researchers. ...read more.


Therefore similar to Item B, it may be particularly difficult for researchers to observe pupil behaviour in covert manner. Covert observation in particular raises serious ethical difficulties. Given the vulnerability of pupils and the fact that they are minors, it is considered unethical to use these people to make observations. This is simply because; the sociologists did not obtain the informed consent of their subjects or parents before commencing and it is immoral to deceive people, obtaining information by pretending to be their friend or ?in the same boat? and conceal the purpose of the study. This gives evidence to item B which points out that there are ethical problems associated with observing pupils. Additionally, the researchers may have to participate in immoral or illegal activities as part of their ?cover role?. Hence, a non-participant observation may not be the most suitable method to adopt. ...read more.

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