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Claude Monet was arguably the most influential painter of the Impressionist movement; even the word "impressionism" comes from one of Monet's

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Introduction

Claude Monet was arguably the most influential painter of the Impressionist movement; even the word "impressionism" comes from one of Monet's paintings. Monet's paintings radically transformed the accepted styles of the time. His work influenced countless painters and established the basis of modern painting. However, Monet's technique was as much the culmination of influences by great artists as it was his own creation. Monet was born Oscar-Claude Monet on November 14, 1840 in Paris. He would later drop Oscar from his name, although until 1862, he signed his artwork with this name, while signing his letters "Claude." 1 Monet only lived in Paris for five years until his father, Claude-Adolphe moved the family to Le Havre, a port city in France. At age ten, Monet enrolled at the Le Havre secondary school, although he professed much disdain for it: "School was like a prison for me. I could never resign myself to staying there even for four hours a day."2 However, Monet was fortunate enough to have Jacques-Francois Ochard as an art teacher, as he was a former student of Jacques-Louis David. At this age, Monet enjoyed drawing landscapes and simple aspects of nature, such as trees, which mostly mimicked the work of previous artists.3 What is most interesting about Monet's early years is his denial and contradictory recounting of them. ...read more.

Middle

Eventually though, financial pressure from his parents10 prompted him to submit two canvases to the Salon in 1865. Both were accepted and received enormous praise. Following this success, Monet embarked on a grand painting titled, Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe. This was to be based on Edouard Manet's painting Le Bain (he later changed the title to Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe; which, exhibited 1863 at the Salon des Refuses (the exhibition for all the Salon rejects) great controversy because of its "immoral" content11. The painting was also departure from previous styles, because of its unhidden brushstrokes, an element of impressionism. Monet did not finish his more straightforward, simple version by the deadline of the 1866 Salon and instead rushed a portrait of his future wife, Camille-Leonie Doncieux, which was accepted, and again highly praised. For reasons known only to him, Monet never would finish Le Dejeneur sur l'Herbe. For financial reasons, Monet was forced to return home to Le Havre in 1867. He would soon return to Paris, though, and settle in 1869 at Bougival, where he often painted with Renoir. The two had great influence on each other's paintings during this period and Renoir himself admitted that if they were not signed, he would have ...read more.

Conclusion

Before his death in 1926, he completed several more paintings which are now world famous, such as his water-lilies, or the paintings of the Parliament in London. It is impossible to deny the impact of Claude Monet on the world of art. His inspiration of new artists and even entire movements is remarkable, but understandable when one views his work. Without the influence and support of past artists and his contemporaries though, Monet's style might have ended up quite different. 1399 Words 1 Paul Hayes Tucker, Claude Monet: Life and Art (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995) 5 2 Raymond Cogniat, Monet and his world (London: Thames & Hudson, 1966) 8 3 Tucker, Claude Monet: Life and Art 7-8 4 Ibid. 6 5 "Havre, Le," The Nuttall Encyclopedia 1907 6 Tucker, Claude Monet: Life and Art 13 7 Ibid. 18 8 William C. Seitz, Claude Monet (New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1960) 14 9 Robert Gordon and Andrew Forge, Monet (New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. 1983) 14-15 10 Cogniat, Monet and his world 22 11 Lisa MacDonald, "Edouard Manet," 1999, <http://www.artchive.com/artchive/M/manet.html> (16 November 2006) 12 Cogniat, Monet and his world 45 13 Ibid. 47 14 Gordon and Forge, Monet 52 15 Meyer Schapiro, "Claude Monet," 1997, <http://www.artchive.com/artchive/M/monet.html> (18 November 2006) 16 Cogniat, Monet and his world 102 ...read more.

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